|Yosef Alfredo Antonio Ben-Jochannan|
Ben-Jochannan lecturing in Brooklyn circa 1990s.
|Born||December 31, 1918|
|Died||March 19, 2015
Bay Park Nursing Home, Bronx, New York
|Pen name||Dr. Ben|
|Occupation||Writer, Historian, Activist|
|Notable works||'"Black Man of the Nile and His Family"|
|Children||Maria, Selvin, Alfredo, Ruth, Naomi, Collete, Wanda, Dawn, Kwame, Dorathia, Ozema, Eleanor (deceased), Nnandi (deceased)|
Yosef Alfredo Antonio Ben-Jochannan (/ /; December 31, 1918 – March 19, 2015), referred to by his admirers as "Dr. Ben", was an African-American writer and historian. He was considered to be one of the more prominent Afrocentric scholars.
Early life and education
Ben-Jochannan had stated that he was born in Ethiopia to a Puerto Rican mother and an Ethiopian father. According to Tudor Parfitt, Ben-Jochannan "was probably Puerto Rican but claimed to be of Ethiopian Jewish extraction". Other colleagues as well as family matters have also raised doubts regarding his birthplace.
According to some sources, Ben-Jochannan was educated in Puerto Rico, Brazil, Cuba, and Spain, earning degrees in engineering and anthropology.[unreliable source?] In 1938, he is said to have earned a BS in Civil Engineering at the University of Puerto Rico; this is disputed. He stated that in 1939 he earned a Master's degree in Architectural Engineering from the University of Havana, Cuba. and then doctoral degrees in Cultural Anthropology and Moorish History from the University of Havana and the University of Barcelona, Spain.
According to his obituary, Ben-Jochannan holds honorary doctoral degrees from Sojourner-Douglas College (Baltimore), Marymount College (New York), Medgar Evers College (Brooklyn).
In a New York Times article published after Ben-Jochannan's death it was reported that "Documents from Malcolm-King College and Cornell show Mr. Ben-Jochannan holding a doctorate from Cambridge University in England; catalogs from Malcolm-King College list him holding two master’s from Cambridge. According to Fred Lewsey, a communications officer at Cambridge, however, the school has no record of his ever attending, let alone earning any degree. Similarly, the University of Puerto Rico Mayagüez, where he also said he had studied, has no records of his enrollment."
Career and later life
|Subgroups and organizations|
Ben-Jochannan immigrated to the United States in the early 1940s. He worked as a draftsman and continued his studies. He stated that in 1945, he was appointed chairman of the African Studies Committee at the headquarters of the newly founded UNESCO, a position from which he reportedly stepped down in 1970. In 1950, Ben-Jochannan began teaching Egyptology at Malcolm King College, and subsequently at City College in New York City. From 1973 to 1987, he was an adjunct professor at Cornell University.
Ben-Jochannan was the author of 49 books, primarily on ancient Nile Valley civilizations and their impact on Western cultures.[dead link]In his writings, he asserts that the original Jews were from Ethiopia and were Black Africans, while the white Jews later adopted the Jewish faith and its customs.
According to his obituary he began his educational teaching in Harlem at HARYOU-ACT in 1967. Ben-Jochannan was an adjuct professor (1973-1987) at Cornell University in the Africana Studies and Research Center which at the time was under the direction of James Turner. He also taught at a number of schools including Malcom-King College and Rutgers University. In 1977 he accepted an honorary faculty position with the Israelite Rabbinical Academy at Beth Shalom Hebrew Congregation in Brooklyn.
In the years before his death, Ben-Jochannan lived in Harlem, New York City in the Lenox Terrace Co-ops.
Ben-Jochannan has been criticized for allegedly distorting history and promoting Black supremacy. In February 1993, Wellesley College European classics professor Mary Lefkowitz publicly confronted Ben-Jochannan about his teachings. Ben-Jochannan taught that Aristotle visited the Library of Alexandria. During the question and answer session following the lecture, Lefkowitz asked ben-Jochannan, "How would that have been possible, when the library was not built until after his death?" When Ben-Jochannan replied saying that the dates were uncertain, her husband Hugh Lloyd-Jones said "Rubbish" and in response Ben-Jochannan said that he resented the tone of the inquiry." Lefkowitz writes that ben-Jochannan proceeded to tell those present that they "could and should believe what black instructors told" them and that "although they might think that Jews were all 'hook-nosed and sallow faced,' there were other Jews who looked like himself."
American professor Clarence E. Walker wrote that Ben-Jochannan not only confused Cleopatra VII with her daughter Cleopatra VIII and stated she was black, but also wrote that “Cleopatra VIII committed suicide after being discovered in a plot with Marc Antonio [Mark Anthony] to murder Julius Caesar.”
- African Origins of Major Western Religions, 1991. ISBN 978-0933121294
- We the Black Jews, 1993, ISBN 9780933121409
- Black Man of the Nile and His Family, Black Classic Press, 1989. ISBN 9780933121263
- Africa: Mother of Western Civilization. ISBN 9780933121256
- New Dimensions in African History ISBN 9780865432260
- The Myth of Exodus and Genesis and the Exclusion of Their African Origins ISBN 9780933121768
- Abu Simbel to Ghizeh: A Guide Book and Manual, 1989 ISBN 9780933121270
- Cultural Genocide in the Black and African Studies Curriculum. New York, 1972. OCLC 798725
- Ancient Egyptian race controversy
- List of notable Puerto Ricans
- Jewish immigration to Puerto Rico
- Institute for the Study of Academic Racism
- Marcus Garvey
- John Henrik Clarke
- Arturo Alfonso Schomburg
- Hubert Harrison
- John G. Jackson
- African diaspora
- Joel Augustus Rogers
- Chancellor Williams
- Cheikh Anta Diop
- Molefi Kete Asante
- Gabriel Haslip-Viera, Taíno revival: critical perspectives on Puerto Rican identity and cultural politics, (Markus Wiener Publishers: 2001), p.14.
- "Yosef Ben-Jochannan Biography". TheHistorymakers.com. 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi (eds.) (2013). Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times. Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 1136860274. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Kestenbaum, Sam (March 27, 2015). "Contested Legacy of Dr. Ben, a Father of African Studies". New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
Documents from Malcolm-King College and Cornell show Mr. Ben-Jochannan holding a doctorate from Cambridge University in England; catalogs from Malcolm-King College list him holding two master’s from Cambridge. According to Fred Lewsey, a communications officer at Cambridge, however, the school has no record of his ever attending, let alone earning any degree. Similarly, the University of Puerto Rico Mayagüez, where he also said he had studied, has no records of his enrollment.
- *Obituary and Program: Celebrating the Life of Dr. Yosef ben-Jochanan
- "Dr. Yosef A. A. Ben-Jochannan". raceandhistory.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Ben Jochannan, Yosef (1993). We the Black Jews. Black Classics Press.
- Shabazz, Saeed (October 29, 2002). "Prized library bequeathed to the Nation". FinalCall.com. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Martin Pratt, "Obituaries: Noted historian and scholar Dr. Yosef A.A. Ben-Jochannan has died", Rolling Out, March 19, 2015.
- "Dr. Ben joins the ancestors". New York Amsterdam News. March 19, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- History Lesson, pp. 67-69.
- Lefkowitz, Mary (1997). Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth As History. New Republic Book (reprint). p. 2. ISBN 978-0465098385.
- Walker, Clarence E (2001). We Can't Go Home Again: An Argument About Afrocentrism. Oxford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0195095715.
- The Twin Towers of Afrikan Knowledge: Dr. Clarke and Dr. Ben Unearthed Africa's Truths
- Contested Legacy of Dr. Ben, a Father of African Studies
- Race and History page dedicated to "Dr. Ben"
- The Root: Dr. Ben, One of the Last ‘People’s Scholars’ of Harlem, Joins the Ancestors
- New York Amsterdam News:Community Bids Dr. Ben Farewell
- Funeral Service for Dr. Yosef A. A. Ben-Jochannan
- Obituary and Program: Celebrating the Life of Dr. Yosef ben-Jochanan