|Names||Yosemite bowline, Bowline with a Yosemite finish|
A Yosemite bowline is a loop knot often perceived as having better security than a bowline. It has been pointed out that if the knot is not dressed correctly, it can potentially collapse into a noose, however testing reveals this alternative configuration to be strong and safe as a climbing tie-in.
A Yosemite bowline is made from a bowline with the free end wrapped around one leg of the loop and tucked back through the knot, a final round turn and reeve commonly known as a "Yosemite finish." The knot's security is enhanced by preventing the bowline capsizing to form a highly dangerous slip knot. Additional safety is achieved by tying with a tail (see below). When finished, the working end forms a figure eight.
Because of the danger of incorrectly tying the Yosemite bowline, it may be safer and less error-prone to use a standard or double bowline with a backup stopper knot added to the tail, such as a double overhand knot tied around the loop.
The Yosemite finish can be applied to other bowline variants, such as the double bowline.
While the knot's versatility suggests it as a convenient tie-in for attaching a climbing rope to a climber's harness, the figure-of-eight follow through is the most common choice because it is more widely known and more easily checked. The Mountaineering Handbook is one of the few texts that suggest that the Yosemite bowline is better for this purpose. Suggested benefits of the bowline include being easier to untie after loading or when wet and frozen, and being possible to tie-in with only one hand.[unreliable source?] Testing found it a strong knot for the purpose.
It is recommended that any knot which is used to attach a rope to a safety harness is always finished with a stopper knot. A stopper knot, while serving to keep the loose end tidy, will not only help to prevent failure of the primary knot, but also act as a secondary safety knot itself. It is sometimes said that if enough of a tail is left to tie a stopper knot, the stopper becomes unnecessary. The tail should be a minimum of 40–60 cm depending on the thickness of the rope.
- Gommers, Mark (18 November 2017). "An analysis of the structure of Bowlines". Professional Association of Climbing Instructors. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
'Yosemite' variation of the Bowline is an attempt to make the standard #1010 structure more secure. ... care must be taken not to draw the tail up before setting the nipping loop or it may become displaced and compromise the knot.
- Prohaska, Heinz (April 1988). "A Safer Bowline for Climbers and Cavers". Nylon Highway. 26: 4–5. Archived from the original on Jan 1, 2009.
This idea looks really good, but has a serious and unexpected disadvantage. The parallel parts of the rope in the knot can change their places before it is tightened, and if this happens, the finished knot can work loose and/or turn into a noose—much easier than a regular bowline.
- Youtube Video of failure with poorly dressed Yosemite bowline: Yosemite Bowline not safe for climbing
- Grogono, Alan W.; Grogono, David E. "Bowline Knot – How to tie a Bowline Knot – Climbing Knots". Animated Knots.
Tighten the Bowline first and then tighten the Yosemite Tie-Off. Failure to do so can result in a slip knot. ... A Safety Knot is essential, e.g., a Double Overhand (Strangle Knot) can be tied around either the adjoining loop (left)
- Titt, James (2012-07-16). "Load testing of mis-dressed Yosemite bowline knot". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
- Gaines, Bob; Martin, Jason D. (2014-05-20). Rock Climbing: The AMGA Single Pitch Manual. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781493009626.
the uniform nature of the knot enables quick inspection and supervision.
- Herman, Abram (2013-07-06). "The 5 Biggest Safety-Related Myths in Rock Climbing". Go Up: The Road to El Cap. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
- Connally, Craig (2004). The Mountaineering Handbook. International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press. ISBN 978-0-07-143010-4.
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