Yoshiaki Hatta

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Yoshiaki Hatta
八田 嘉明
Yoshiaki Hatta.jpg
Hatta in the 1950s
Born (1879-09-14)September 14, 1879
Tokyo, Japan
Died April 26, 1964(1964-04-26) (aged 84)
Nationality Japan
Occupation Entrepreneur, Engineer, Cabinet Minister
In this Japanese name, the family name is Hatta.

Yoshiaki Hatta (八田 嘉明 Hatta Yoshiaki ?, September 14, 1879 – April 26, 1964), was an engineer, entrepreneur, politician and cabinet minister in the Empire of Japan, serving as a member of the Upper House of the Diet of Japan, and five times as a cabinet minister.

Biography[edit]

Hatta was born in Tokyo, and was a graduate from Tokyo Imperial University with a degree in civil engineering. He was employed by the San'yō Railway from 1903. However, he was recruited into the government bureaucracy, and transferred a position within the Railroad Bureau of the Ministry of Communications in 1906. After the Railway Ministry was created, Hatta was appointed a Director in 1926. He was further awarded with a seat in the House of Peers from 1929.

With the creation of the South Manchurian Railway Company (SMR), Hatta was appointed Vice President in 1932. He reorganized the management of the SMR, favoring increased cooperation with the Kwantung Army after the Manchurian Incident. [1] He also encouraged French investment in the construction of the new capital of Manchukuo, Shinkyo [2]

In 1934, under the Hiranuma administration, Hatta was asked to serve as both Minister of Commerce and as Minister of Colonial Affairs. He was also made head of the Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

In 1941, many small private railway companies were merged under government pressure into the Tobu Railway, as per the syndicalist economic policies of the Taisei Yokusankai. Hatta was appointed Chairman of the Board of the expanded company. In 1943, he was asked to serve concurrently as Minister of Communications and Railroad Minister, this time under the Tōjō administration. During this administration, the two cabinet-level posts were merged into the new Ministry of Transport and Communications in 1943, and Hatta became the first head of the combined ministry. In 1945, Hatta became president of the North China Development Company, a subsidiary of the South Manchurian Railway dedicated to the economic development of the areas of northern China under occupation by Japan.

Following the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II, Hatta was purged from public office by the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers. In 1953, he became president of Takushoku University, a post which he held to September 1954.[3] In 1955, he became president of Nippei Kōsan Corporation, and Chairman of the Japan Science Foundation. In 1956, he founded the Nippon Gijustu Kyōwa Kaihatsu Corporation, and in 1957 he was named chairman of the forerunner to the Japan Highway Public Corporation. Hatta died in 1964.

References[edit]

  • Ito, Takeo (1988). Life Along the South Manchurian Railway: The Memoirs of Itō Takeo. M E Sharpe. ISBN 087332465X. 
  • Victoir, Laura (2013). Harbin to Hanoi: The Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 988813941X. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ito. Life along the South Manchurian Railway. page 156.
  2. ^ Victoir. Harbin to Hanoi. page 69.
  3. ^ Takushoku University home page
Political offices
Preceded by
-none-
Minister of Transport and Communications
Nov 1943 - Feb 1944
Succeeded by
Keita Gotō
Preceded by
Ken Terajima
Minister of Communications
Oct 1941 - Oct 1943
Succeeded by
abolished
Preceded by
Ken Terajima
Minister of Railways
Dec 1941 - Nov 1943
Succeeded by
abolished
Preceded by
Shigeaki Ikeda
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Jan 1939 - Aug 1939
Succeeded by
Takuo Godō
Preceded by
Fumimaro Konoe
Minister of Colonial Affairs
Oct 1938 - Apr 1939
Succeeded by
Kuniaki Koiso
Business positions
Preceded by
Takuo Godō
Head of the Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Oct 1938 - Aug 1939
Succeeded by
Aiichiro Fujiyama