Yoshimi Nishida

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Yoshimi Nishida
Born 1 March 1892
Kōchi Prefecture, Japan
Died 21 January 1944(1944-01-21) (aged 51)
Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1913–1944
Rank Lieutenant General (Posthumously)
Battles/wars Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Awards Order of the Golden Kite

Yoshimi Nishida (西田 祥実 Nishida Yoshimi, March 1 1892 – February 21 1944) was a Japanese general during World War II. He was killed in action during the Battle of Eniwetok.

Biography[edit]

Yoshimi Nishida was born on 1 March 1892 in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. He attended the Imperial Military academy and graduated on 26 May, 1913. He was promoted to the rank of First lieutenant on 25 December of the same year. He was promoted to the rank of Major-General on 1 August 1942.

Nishida was made commander of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 1st Amphibious Brigade, which was the main defense force for the island of Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands. Nishida was in charge of the island's defenses when the US Marines invaded the island in February 1944. He erected several defensive positions to keep the American soldiers at bay one month earlier, but the small size of the island made defenses in depth near impossible.[1] In other words, the Americans would have to be stopped at the beaches, or else, they would be able to take the island easily. The Americans did so, losing only 37 marines. Nearly all of the 800 Japanese soldiers on Eniwetok Island were lost, including Nishida, who was gunned down in the heat of the fighting.

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. Peter Chen. "Marshall Islands Campaign | World War II Database". Ww2db.com. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 

External links[edit]