March 26, 1952
Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan
|Known for||character design, illustration, printmaking, painting, sculpting|
Dragon Con Award
Yoshitaka Amano (天野 喜孝 (formerly 天野 嘉孝) Amano Yoshitaka?, born March 26, 1952) is a Japanese artist, character designer, illustrator and a theatre and film scenic designer and costume designer. He first came into prominence in the late 1960s working on the anime adaptation of Speed Racer. Amano later became the creator of iconic and influential characters such as Gatchaman, Tekkaman: The Space Knight, Hutch the Honeybee and Casshan. In 1982 he went independent and became a freelance artist, finding success as an illustrator for numerous authors, and worked on best-selling novel series, such as The Guin Saga and Vampire Hunter D. He is also known for his commissioned illustrations for the popular video-game franchise Final Fantasy.
Since the 1990s Amano has been creating and exhibiting paintings featuring his iconic retro pop icons in galleries around the world, primarily painting on aluminium box panels with acrylic and automotive paint. He is a 5 time winner of the Seiun Award, and also won the 1999 Bram Stoker Award for his collaboration with Neil Gaiman, Sandman: The Dream Hunters.
Amano was born in Shizuoka, Japan. As a young adolescent, he was fascinated with drawing. In 1967, he began working in the animation department of Tatsunoko Productions, where he was introduced to the early Japanese anime movement. His first paid project was for the Speed Racer anime franchise. He was a character designer for anime shows such as Time Bokan, Gatchaman, Tekkaman, and Honeybee Hutch.
In the 1960s, Amano was exposed to Western art styles through comic books, which he claims among his artistic roots. He has cited Neal Adams as his favorite comic book artist, noting that he would often purchase used comics based on Adams's cover artwork, only to be disappointed that the interior artist was different. Amano was also fascinated by the art styles of psychedelic art and pop art of the West, particularly the work of American Pop artist Peter Max. In the 1970s, Amano studied the artworks of the late 19th century and early 20th century European movement of Art Nouveau, as well as the ancient Japanese hand woodblock printing work of Ukiyo-e. Amano remained at Tatsunoko Productions until 1982.
Early fantasy works
In the early 1980s, Amano concentrated on illustrations for science fiction and fantasy works. Combined with the influence of his prior experience in animation, this focus resulted in a personal style influenced by both modern surrealism and realism.
He left Tatsunoko Production and started his activities as a freelancer in 1982. He did illustration and cover page design of Kimaira series, written by Baku Yumemakura, from this year. In 1983, he illustrated the novel Demon City Shinjuku and the first in Hideyuki Kikuchi's Vampire Hunter D novel series. He also worked as a character designer on the 1985 movie adaptation of Vampire Hunter D, which was one of the first anime movies to be released outside of Japan. In interviews, however, Amano has stated that he was not pleased with the final product of the movie.
His illustrations begin to be published in collections such as Maten in 1984. The animation title Amon Saga was written by Baku Yumemakura with character design by him. A manga version of Amon Saga was also released.
In 1987, Amano joined Square (now known as Square Enix) to work on a role-playing video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System: Final Fantasy. Amano produced conceptual design pieces for the game in both traditional and computer designed artwork. At this time, he also worked for another video game company, Kure Software Koubou, producing box cover illustrations as well as some character designs. This work included designs for Kure's First Queen series.
Following Final Fantasy VI in 1994, he stepped down as the main character, image, and graphic designer of the series. He continued to provide promotional and character artwork for the following games and to design their title logos. In 2006, Hironobu Sakaguchi, the former designer and creator of the Final Fantasy series, recruited Amano and composer Nobuo Uematsu to work on video games at Mistwalker.
Amano's first exhibition, called "Hiten", was held in 1989 at Yurakucho Mullion in Tokyo, Japan. In 1990, he began to work as an artist and set designer for stage theater. His first work for theater was Tamasaburo Bando's Nayotake. He also held further exhibitions and became well known for his printing works.
Beginning in 1995 with his work at the Biennale d'Orléans in France, he received increased recognition outside of Japan. Further international exhibitions followed, including the 1999 "Hero" at the Angel Orensanz Foundation and the 1997 workshop and exhibition "Think Like Amano".
In 2000, Amano illustrated Neil Gaiman's The Sandman: The Dream Hunters, which won several awards and was nominated for a Hugo Award. In 2001, Greg Rucka and Amano collaborated on another comic book tale, Elektra and Wolverine: The Redeemer. His character designs were used in another Vampire Hunter D movie entitled Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust. In 2006, the first volume of his HERO series was released by Boom! Studios. He was key visual and costume designer for movies written by Baku Yumemakura, including Onmyoji, Onmyoji 2, and Taitei no Ken.
In 2004 Amano was asked by creative director GK Reid to create illustrations in collaboration with author Neil Gaiman and featuring David Bowie and Iman as sci-fi characters, for "The Return of the Thin White Duke" a portion of which were published in V Magazine.
In 2008, Amano created an illustrated adaptation of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's The Magic Flute, published by Radical Comics. He also collaborated with Christopher "mink" Morrison of Quentin Tarantino's A Band Apart production company, providing illustrations for the novel Shinjuku and Shinjuku Azul, as well as a third unannounced follow up and an online game, Shinjuku Nexus. He was the character designer for the 2009 Jungle Emperor (Kimba the White Lion) TV special, directed by Gorō Taniguchi, to commemorate both the 50th anniversary of Fuji Television and the 80th anniversary of Osamu Tezuka's birth.
In 2010, following a small solo art exhibition tour titled "Devaloka" it was announced that Amano had established a film production company, Studio Devaloka, and would be directing a 3D anime titled Zan, with additional projects to be announced in the future. On December 15, 2010, the official website for the film, now titled Deva Zan, was unveiled, along with information concerning an upcoming press conference, to be held on December 21, 2010. The roughly ten-minute-long conference revealed details about the project, including staff, as well as a short trailer for the film, which stylistically emulates the look of Amano's paintings.
In April 2012, an illustrated novel adaptation of the work was announced by Dark Horse Manga. To be released in January 2013, the novel will be Amano's debut as an author and will include over 240 original illustrations. Despite a projected 2012 release date, Amano stated in an October 2012 interview that the animation project was still in its development and funding stages and may instead be realized as a TV series. The possibility of a video game adaptation was also mentioned.
List of works
- Science Ninja Team Gatchaman (1972)
- Casshan (1973)
- Hurricane Polymar (1974)
- New Honeybee Hutch (1974)
- Time Bokan (1975)
- Tekkaman: The Space Knight (1975)
- Gowappa 5 Gōdam (1976)
- Akū Daisakusen Srungle (1983)
- Genesis Climber MOSPEADA (1983)
- Radio City Fantasy
- Okawari Boy Starzan-S (1984)
- Bismark (anime) (1984)
- Angel's Egg (also co-creator of the story) (1985)
- Vampire Hunter D (1985)
- Amon Saga (1986)
- Twilight of the Cockroaches (1987)
- 1001 Nights (1998, Concert video directed by Mike Smith for music by David Newman, based on Amano's Princess Budou illustrations)
- Ayakashi (2006)
- Fantascope ~Tylostoma~(2006)
- Bird's Song (2007)
- Ten Nights of Dreams (2007)
- Vegetable Fairies: N.Y. Salad (2007)
- Jungle Emperor (2009)
- Deva Zan (TBA)
- Deva Zan (2013)
Select domestic Japanese works
- Vampire Hunter D (1983-ongoing)
- Guin Saga (1984–1997)
- The Heroic Legend of Arslan (1986–1999)
- Sohryuden (1987-ongoing)
- Rampo Edogawa Mystery Collection (1987–1989)
- Tekiha Kaizoku Series
- Shinsetsu Taikō-ki
- Chimera-ho Series
- The Tale of Genji (1997)
- Galneryus – Album art
- Sword World RPG – Assorted artwork
- Mateki: The Magic Flute
- Illustrated Blues (2010)
Select Japanese editions of foreign works
- A Cup of Magic! (1981)
- The Prince in the Scarlet Robe, Corum (1982)
- Erekosë Saga (1983)
- Elric Saga (1984)
- Dream Weaver (1985)
- The Chronicles of Castle Brass (1988)
- Hoka Series
- Seven Brothers (2006)
- Sandman: The Dream Hunters (1999)
- Elektra and Wolverine: The Redeemer (2002)
- Yoshitaka Amano's HERO (2006-ongoing)
- Shinjuku (2010)
- Shinjuku Azul (TBA)
- Maten / Evil Universe (1984)
- Genmukyu / Castle of Illusions (1986) (ISBN 4-403-01029-6)
- Imagine (1987) (ISBN 4-403-01031-8)
- Hiten / Flying Universe: The Art of Yoshitaka Amano (1989) (ISBN 4-257-03229-4
- Dawn (1991) (ISBN 4-87188-135-0
- The Heroic Tales Of Arslan (1991)
- The Illustrations for Tarot Card by Yoshitaka Amano (1992) (ISBN 4-87519-401-3
- Rasenoh / Spiral King (1992) (ISBN 4-19-414749-9)
- Le Roi de la Lune (1992) (ISBN 4-8164-1224-7)
- Mono (art book)|Mono (1993)
- Untitled set of 10 postcards (1993)
- Steps To Heaven (1993)
- Yoshitaka Amano Postcard Selection (1994) (ISBN 4-87188-800-2)
- 'Japan, Final Fantasy (1994) (ISBN 4-87188-338-8)
- Katen (1994) (ISBN 4-06-206858-3)
- Budōhime / Princess Budou (1996)
- Yousei / Fairies (1996) (ISBN 1-59582-062-0)
- Guin Saga (1996) (ISBN 4-15-207984-3)
- Yoshitaka Amano: Collection of Paintings (1996)
- 1996 (1996)
- Kan'oke / Coffin (1997) (ISBN 1-59582-061-2)
- Think Like Amano (1997)
- Biten (1999)
- Alice Erotica (1999)
- 1001 Nights (1999)
- Märchen (2000)
- Vampire Hunter D (2000) (ISBN 4-257-03606-0)
- POEM (2001)
- Kotatsu I (2002)
- Kotatsu II (2002)
- Guin Saga Chronicle (2002)
- The Sky (2002)
- Kiten (2002)
- Symphony' (2002)
- Amano First (2003) (ISBN 4-257-03683-4)
- The Virgin (2004) (ISBN 4-894-52846-0)
- Final Fantasy (1987) – Character Designer, Title Logo Designer & Graphic Designer
- Final Fantasy II (1988) – Character Designer, Title Logo Designer & Graphic Designer
- First Queen (1988) – Box cover artist
- Duel (1989) – Box cover artist
- Duel98 (1989) – Box cover artist
- Final Fantasy III (1990) – Character Designer & Title Logo Designer
- First Queen 2 (1990) – Box cover artist
- Final Fantasy IV (1991) – Character Designer, Image Designer & Title Logo Designer
- Final Fantasy V (1992) – Character Designer, Image Designer & Title Logo Designer
- Kawanakajima Ibunroku (1992) – Box cover artist
- First Queen 3 (1993) – Box cover artist
- Final Fantasy VI (1994) – Character Designer, Image Designer & Title Logo Designer
- Front Mission (1995) – Character Designer
- Maten Densetsu (1995) – Character Designer
- Front Mission: Gun Hazard (1996) – Character Designer
- Final Fantasy VII (1997) – Promotional Artwork, Image Illustrator, Title Logo Designer & Original Character Designer
- Kartia: The Word of Fate (1998) – Art Designer
- Final Fantasy VIII (1999) – Promotional Artwork, Image Illustrator, Title Logo Designer & Character Artwork
- Final Fantasy IX (2000) – Character Illustrations & Original Character Designer
- El Dorado Gate (2000–2001) – Creative Director & Additional Design
- Final Fantasy X (2001) – Promotional Artwork, Image Illustrations, Title Logo Designer & Character Artwork
- Final Fantasy X-2 (2003) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Final Fantasy XI (2002) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Final Fantasy XII (2006) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Lord of Vermilion (2008) – Guest Card Illustrator
- Dissidia Final Fantasy (2008) – Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Lord of Vermilion II (2009) – Guest Card Illustrator
- Final Fantasy XIII (2010) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Final Fantasy XIV (2010) – Title Logo Designer
- Lord of Arcana (2010) – Guest Monster Designer
- Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy (2011) – Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Final Fantasy Type-0 (2011) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Final Fantasy XIII-2 (2011) – Title Logo Designer
- Fantasy Life (2012) – Image Illustrator
- Fairy Fencer F (2013) – Art Designer
- Child of Light (2014) – Image Illustrator
- Terra Battle (2014) – Character Design
- Final Fantasy XV (forthcoming) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer & Image Illustrator
- Mobius Final Fantasy (forthcoming) – Title Logo Designer
- Final Fantasy: Brave Exvius (forthcoming) – Promotional Artwork, Title Logo Designer
- Shinjuku Nexus (forthcoming) – Illustrator
Notes and references
- ANS Exclusive Interview: 10 Questions To Yoshitaka Amano; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Powells.com Bibliography "The Sandman: The Dream Hunters"; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- World-famous animator Yoshitaka Amano's new film, the 3D anime "ZAN" (世界的アニメーター・天野喜孝氏、初の映画監督...３Ｄアニメ「ＺＡＮ」?)
- McCarter, Charles. Flights of Fantasy; retrieved 2006-05-09.
- RPGamer interview. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
- 1UP.com A Day in the Life of Yoshitaka Amano; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Q&A with Yoshitaka Amano; retrieved 2009-02-12.
- Unno, Hiroshi. Amano: The Complete Prints of Yoshitaka Amano Collins Design: November 4, 2003. ISBN 0-06-056763-5.
- Amano's World The Art of Yoshitaka Amano English Website Bibliography of Maten; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- ABC News The Genius Behind Final Fantasy. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
- Kure Software Koubou Official Homepage Website; retrieved 2010-05-01.
- Japan Vibes interview; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Amano's World The Art of Yoshitaka Amano English Website Exhibitions. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
- Amano's World The Art of Yoshitaka Amano English Website "HERO Exhibition"; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Amano's World The Art of Yoshitaka Amano English Website "Think Like Amano Exhibition"; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Combustible Celluloid Movie Review New Rose Hotel; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- CNN Review "A dark tale of enduring charm", December 23, 1999; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Cinescape Comics Book Review Elektra and Wolverine: The Redeemer. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
- cdjapan.co.jp Galneryus listing; retrieved 2006-09-16.
- Christopher Borrelli. "Neil Gaiman on his love for David Bowie", ChicagoTribune.com; accessed July 28, 2015.
- From Vampires to Mozart; retrieved 2008-12-13.
- Experience the Mystery and Majesty of Amano’s Shinjuku; retrieved 2009-02-12.
- Geass' Taniguchi, FF Games' Amano on New Jungle Emperor, January 27, 2009; retrieved February 12, 2009.
- Destiny and Decay: Nippon Evolution, amanoxhyde.com; accessed July 28, 2015.
- Deva Zan official website; accessed July 28, 2015.
- Dark Horse Manga: Announcing Deva Zan!, darkhorse.com; accessed July 28, 2015.
- Interview with Yoshitaka Amano, AnimeNetwork.com; October 29, 2012.
- http://www.darkhorse.com/Books/20-138/Deva-Zan-HC Deva Zan Hardcover
- "Fairy Fencer F detailed in Famitsu". Retrieved May 10, 2013.
- VOCALOID3 Library ZOLA PROJECT
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yoshitaka Amano.|
- Yoshitaka Amano's Official Blog (Japanese)
- Yoshitaka Amano Museum (Japanese)
- Deva Zan Official website
- Amano's World – The Art of Yoshitaka Amano (English/Link is Down)
- Yoshitaka Amano Gallery (English)
- Yoshitaka Amano at the Comic Book DB
- Yoshitaka Amano at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database