The cover for Yotsuba&! volume 1 (English version by ADV)
|Genre||Comedy, Slice of life|
|Written by||Kiyohiko Azuma|
|Published by||ASCII Media Works|
|Original run||March 2003 – present|
Nyanbo! (2016 anime spinoff)
Yotsuba&! (よつばと! Yotsuba to!?) is an ongoing Japanese comedy manga series by Kiyohiko Azuma, the creator of Azumanga Daioh. It is published in Japan by ASCII Media Works, formerly MediaWorks, in the monthly magazine Dengeki Daioh and collected in thirteen tankōbon volumes. It depicts the everyday adventures of a young girl named Yotsuba as she learns about the world around her, guided by her father, the neighbors, and their friends. Several characters in Yotsuba&! were previously featured in a one-shot manga called "Try! Try! Try!" The phrase Yotsuba to means "Yotsuba and," a fact reflected in the chapter titles, most of which take the form "Yotsuba and [something]."
The manga was licensed for English-language distribution by ADV Manga, which released five volumes between 2005 and 2007. Volume six was supposed to have been released in February 2008, but was delayed indefinitely in order to focus on ADV's core business of anime. At New York Comic Con 2009, Yen Press announced that it had acquired the North American license for the series; it reprinted the first five volumes with new translations along with volume six in September 2009, and is continuing with later volumes.
Yotsuba&! is centered on Yotsuba Koiwai, a five-year-old adopted girl who is energetic, cheerful, curious, odd, and quirky—so odd and quirky that even her own father calls her strange. She is also initially ignorant about many things a child her age would be expected to know, among them doorbells, escalators, air conditioners, and even playground swings. This naïveté is the premise of humorous stories where she learns about, and frequently misunderstands, everyday things.
At the start of the series, Yotsuba and her adoptive father, Koiwai, relocate to a new city with the help of Koiwai's best friend, an impressively tall man nicknamed Jumbo. Yotsuba makes a strong impression on the three daughters of the neighboring Ayase family, Asagi, Fuuka, and Ena. Most of her daily activities and misadventures often originate from interactions with these characters.
The series has no continuing plot—the focus of the stories is Yotsuba's daily voyage of discovery. Many chapters take place on successive days (for details, see List of Yotsuba&! chapters), so that the series follows, almost literally, the characters' daily lives. The tone can be summarized by the motto, used on chapter title pages and advertising, "Today is always the most enjoyable day", or in the original translation, "Enjoy Everything" (いつでも今日が、いちばん楽しい日 Itsudemo kyō ga, ichiban tanoshii hi?).
- Yotsuba is depicted as an energetic five-year-old girl with a child's wonder towards the world. She is infectiously enthusiastic about nearly everything. Before moving to their present house, she and Koiwai used to live with his mother, and before that on an island that is, according to Yotsuba, "to the left". Almost nothing is known about her biological parentage other than that she was orphaned somewhere outside Japan and then adopted by Koiwai. Hence, people often think she is a foreigner. She is an excellent swimmer and enjoys drawing, although others only praise her art to avoid hurting her feelings.
- The name "Yotsuba" (よつば?) can be translated as "four leaved clover," and is part of the phrase yotsuba no kurōbā (四葉のクローバー?, "four-leaf clover"). Her green hair is always styled into four pigtails (even at bedtime), similarly to her namesake.
- Yousuke Koiwai (小岩井 葉介 Koiwai Yousuke?) / "Daddy" (とーちゃん tō-chan?)
- Yousuke Koiwai is Yotsuba's adoptive father. The manga avoids the subject of her adoption or even her birth parents. When his neighbor Fuuka asks, he tells her that he found Yotsuba while visiting a foreign country and decided to adopt her and bring her back to Japan, with no further details. Although he often casually tells people that Yotsuba is a weirdo, he can be very offbeat and silly himself. He is depicted as a youthful dad with the carefree lifestyle of a slacker. He usually wears an undershirt and boxer shorts while at home, and apologizes when people see him in his "irresponsible" clothes. He works at home as a freelance translator, although the materials he translates are not described. When he does leave the house, usually shopping or with friends, he often brings Yotsuba. Despite his laid-back personality and playful behavior, Koiwai does aim to be a good father and proper role model to Yotsuba and punishes her if he feels she has done something warranting it.
The Ayase family lives next-door to the Koiwais.
- Asagi Ayase (綾瀬 あさぎ Ayase Asagi?)
- 20-something years old and the oldest of the three Ayase sisters, Asagi lives at home while attending a nearby university. She is depicted as a very attractive young woman who enjoys creating mischief and teasing people, especially her parents; her friend Torako once called her a horrible person for manipulating Ena. She often teases Yotsuba for entertainment, although not maliciously. Her mother claims Asagi was very much like Yotsuba when she was young. Mrs. Ayase is puzzled how such a cute child could turn out to be a delinquent, much to Asagi's annoyance. Asagi's irreverence may have come from her mother's teasing when she was a child. For example, in the past when Asagi presented Mrs. Ayase with a four-leaf clover, her mother asked for a five-leaf clover instead. Unable to locate one, young Asagi was reduced to tears. Yotsuba often refers to her as the "Pretty one".
- Fuuka Ayase (綾瀬 風香 Ayase Fūka?)
- The middle Ayase sister, Fuuka (also romanized as Fuka) is 16 years old and in her second year of high school. She appears to be the most dependable and responsible of the sisters. Fuuka usually buys the groceries and is active in the community. During Yotsuba's eventful first visit to her school, one student calls her "vice-president." Fuuka often finds herself going out of her way to help out the Koiwais, even though she does not really intend to do so. Besides Jumbo, she has observed the Koiwais' eccentricities and oddball tendencies more than anyone else. Other characters often lightly ridicule her for making ban puns and wearing t-shirts with strange pictures on them (such as Chiyo's "father" from Azumanga Daioh, who also appears as a plushie in her room and as a keychain on her bag). Yotsuba has referred to her as "the one who is not pretty", much to Fuuka's dismay.
- Ena Ayase (綾瀬 恵那 Ayase Ena?)
- The youngest Ayase sister, Ena is about 10 years old and goes to a nearby elementary school. As the one closest to Yotsuba's age, she and her best friend Miura play with Yotsuba most frequently. Ena is generally well-liked and is arguably the most earnestly kind character of the series. She tries to be eco-friendly by telling people about the negative effects of global warming, limiting her use of air conditioning, and teaching Yotsuba the benefits of recycling. Appreciative, level-headed and smart, she serves as a big sister figure to Yotsuba. However, her attempts to spare the five-year-old's fragile feelings sometimes lead her to say little white lies, like praising Yotsuba's unspectacular drawings or letting Yotsuba believe that her friend Miura (concealed in a cardboard costume) is a real robot named Cardbo (in ADV's translation) or Danbo (in Yen's translation) (ダンボー Danbō?), often landing herself and Miura in trouble as a result. During her free time, Ena often sketches (she has very good drawing skills) or plays with her finely-dressed teddy bears. Eager and willing to try out new experiences, Ena is not squeamish and even enthusiastic about activities like holding large frogs and cleaning out live fish. Yotsuba once referred to her as the "small one".
- Mrs. Ayase (綾瀬家の母 Ayase-ke no Haha?) / "Mommy" (かーちゃん kā-chan?)
- The mother of the Ayase sisters. She frequently has Yotsuba over as a guest and even tells her to visit them every day. Yotsuba's habit of calling her "Mom" is due to her generosity (she is fond of giving Yotsuba treats because she likes to watch her eat) and tolerant nature (she doesn't mind Yotsuba soaking her with a water pistol then acting dead to play the part). Nostalgia might why she dotes on Yotsuba so much, since during Yotsuba's visits she often reminisces about Asagi's younger years (cuter and better days according to her). Asagi exasperates her constantly, although her husband comments that the two have very similar personalities, which both deny. She likes ice creams, cakes, and other sugary desserts. Yotsuba likes to come over to have them, since they're always in the fridge - much to Mr. Koiwai's embarrassment and disapproval.
- Mr. Ayase (綾瀬家の父 Ayase-ke no Chichi?)
- The father of the three sisters. Mr. Ayase is almost never seen at home, particularly during the regular workweek. While his profession is not yet revealed, it seems to be some sort of salaryman. Asagi teases him about his constant absences, even sometimes referring to him in the past tense as if he is dead. Still, Mr. Ayase is on very good terms with his family; he dotes on Ena and tries to protect Fuuka. Fuuka and Ena seem to take after his personality: laid-back, congenial, optimistic, and sentimental. Yotsuba seems to treat him with extra respect, although he, like the other Ayases, treat her as family.
- Takashi Takeda (竹田 隆 Takeda Takashi?) / "Jumbo" (ジャンボ Janbo?)
- A friend of Koiwai and Yotsuba who has known Koiwai since they were children. He dwarfs the other characters at 210 centimeters (6 ft 11 in), especially Yotsuba. He is always referred to as "Jumbo" and works as a florist at his father's flower shop, which Yotsuba and Fuuka only discover through chance. Jumbo helps the Koiwais move in and frequently visits their house (usually with gifts for Yotsuba such as ice cream), and Yotsuba more or less sees him as family. He tends to make deadpan jokes that go over the heads of the younger children, like Yotsuba and Ena, but he means well. At the same time, he is rather impulsive, and often goes all-out in organizing impromptu activities for the younger children such as catching cicadas, fishing and star-gazing. He also develops a deep infatuation with Asagi at first meeting, but is too shy and awkward around beautiful women to directly act upon it. As a result, he often takes advantage of Yotsuba's relationship with Asagi, but due to Yotsuba's naïveté, these schemes are never effective.
- Miura Hayasaka (早坂 みうら Hayasaka Miura?)
- Ena's close friend and classmate who lives in a nearby high-rise condo. Miura is tomboyish and brusque, in both her appearance and speech (this is very noticeable in the Japanese version; see gender differences in spoken Japanese). She wears short hair and boyish clothes, such as sports jerseys. She has an active nature - for instance, she can ride a unicycle and likes to wear roller shoes. Most of the time, she is frank and tends to reply in a tsukkomi-like manner when she feels wronged or ridiculed. Miura also sometimes teases Yotsuba, even up to the point where Yotsuba is on the verge of tears, though Ena is always on hand to smooth things over. In the end, she is good at heart and the three are good friends. Miura is very squeamish. Unlike Ena, she hated the sight of gutting the fish and was scared by a large frog that Yotsuba caught.
- Torako (虎子?)
- A close friend of Asagi who also attends the same university as her. The two frequently plan trips and hang out together. Focused on being 'cool', Torako smokes cigarettes constantly and is very skinny. Her name means "tiger" (虎 tora?) "girl" (子 ko?) and Yotsuba enjoys calling her just Tora ("tiger"). She is fond of taking photos on her old SLR camera. Jumbo has yet to meet Torako and was quite apprehensive, assuming that she was male and Asagi's boyfriend. Generally humorless and no-nonsense, Torako was annoyed by Yotsuba at first, but she ended up liking her and now considers being around her "fun."
- Yanda (ヤンダ?) , actual surname Yasuda (安田?)
- Yanda is a friend of Koiwai and Jumbo. Though he is mentioned in the first and fourth chapters, when Jumbo calls Yanda "no good" for making lame excuses for not helping the Koiwais move, he does not appear until chapter 30. He is childish, as shown by the petty pranks he plays on Yotsuba, including bribing her with candy then taking it back when it does not work and prank-calling her. He enjoys teasing Yotsuba and acting as her "nemesis". Koiwai refers to Yanda as his kōhai, junior, but in what context he is Koiwai's junior is unknown. He lives from paycheck to paycheck and eats instant ramen because he does not get paid until the end of the month, and only eats frozen meals the rest of the time.
- Hiwatari (日渡?) / "Miss Stake" (しまうー Shimaū?)
- A friend of Fuuka's, given name unknown, who is in the same homeroom. Her first official appearance is in chapter 45, when she visits Fuuka's home and recognizes Yotsuba from her trip to their high school in chapter 40. Hiwatari is a bit eccentric. Her nickname Miss Stake (しまうー Shimaū?) comes from a "mistake" she made when she first introduced herself to her class (in Japanese, shimau used as an auxiliary verb can mean to do something by accident, hence the pun).
In 1998, Azuma published a one-shot manga and two webcomics called "Try! Try! Try!", in which Yotsuba, her father (who is unnamed), Ena, Fuka, and Asagi first appeared. Although some of these characters, including Yotsuba herself, are largely the same as in Yotsuba&!, Fuka has a different character design, a more mischievous personality, and a different spelling of her given name (in "Try! Try! Try!", it is written with the kanji 風 夏, meaning "wind-summer"; in Yotsuba&!, it is 風 香, meaning "wind-scent").
An anime "spin-off" based on cat versions of Azuma's character Danbo has been announced and is due to air in October 2016 as part of a "mini-anime" program. This project will not adapt any of Yotsuba&!.
Despite its popularity and the success of Azumanga Daioh, no plans have been announced for an anime adaptation of Yotsuba&!. In an entry posted on his website on 15 May 2005, Azuma said there were no plans for it to be animated; he reiterated this on the 5 December 2008, claiming that the stories and style of Yotsuba&! are not well-suited for animation.
The manga is written and illustrated by Kiyohiko Azuma, and published by ASCII Media Works in the monthly shōnen (aimed at teenage boys) manga magazine Dengeki Daioh since the March 2003 issue, with serialization on-going. Chapters have been collected in thirteen tankōbon volumes.
In English, Yotsuba&! was originally licensed by ADV Manga, who published five volumes between 2005 and 2007 before dropping the license. The North American license was picked up by Yen Press, which republished the first five volumes along with the sixth in September 2009. All thirteen volumes have since been released. In addition, the series is licensed in France by Kurokawa, in Spain by Norma Editorial, in Germany by Tokyopop Germany, in Italy by Dynit, in Finland by Punainen jättiläinen, in Korea by Daiwon C.I., in Taiwan by Kadokawa Media, in Vietnam by TVM Comics, and in Thailand by NED Comics.
Each chapter of Yotsuba&! takes place on a specific, nearly sequential day of a common year starting on Wednesday. The year was initially believed to be 2003, coinciding with the date of the manga's serialization, but Azuma has stated that the manga always takes place in the present day. This allows the appearance of products created after 2003, such as the Nintendo DS Mr. Ayase plays in chapter forty-two.
Both monthly and daily Yotsuba&! calendars have been released every year since 2005, although a monthly calendar for 2009 was not released due to constraints on Azuma's schedule. The 2005 edition of the monthly calendar featured pictures of Yotsuba playing with animals such as lions, zebras, and kangaroos. The 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2010 editions feature photographs altered to include Yotsuba doing such things as playing with other children or reaching for a balloon. The photographs were by Miho Kakuta, with drawings by Kiyohiko Azuma. The daily calendars have a mix of original and manga artwork, with occasional captions, as well as other fun items – for example, the 2006 calendar had a game of shiritori ongoing through the year. The daily calendars run from April to March, following the Japanese school year instead of the calendar year.
The 2010 monthly calendar was released in November 2009.
Two Yotsuba&! music CDs have been released, both purely instrumental, called "image albums". The music is designed to elicit mental images of events described by the titles. Both albums are composed by Masaki Kurihara and performed by the Kuricorder Pops Orchestra, who also worked together on the Azumanga Daioh soundtrack.
- The first album, Yotsuba&♪, released in April 2005, follows Yotsuba throughout the course of a typical day.
- The second album, Yotsuba&♪ Music Suite (General Winter), released in November 2006, depicts the season of winter, including Christmas and New Year's celebrations. "General Winter" (冬将軍 Fuyu Shōgun?) is a personification of harsh winters, similar to Jack Frost.
A Yotsuba&! picture book, Yotsuba & Monochrome Animals, was published on 16 December 2006 (ISBN 978-4-8402-3714-7). The book has pictures of Yotsuba playing with various black-and-white colored animals, such as pandas. The name of each animal is given in Japanese and English, along with the scientific classification of the species. Another book called Find Yotsuba was released in 2013, which is actually a compilation of all the calendar illustrations released previously.
Yotsuba&! is drawn not in the vertical four-panel strips of Azuma's earlier series, Azumanga Daioh, but in a full-page format, giving him more artistic scope. Azuma's work on Yotsuba&! has been noted for its clean art, detailed backgrounds, and expressive faces. Azuma is also praised for his joyous tone, slice-of-life storytelling, comedic writing, and eccentric yet realistic characters, especially Yotsuba herself.
The Comics Reporter described the series as "read[ing] like a love letter to the way kids can be at the age of 2–5," and a reviewer at Anime News Network compared Azuma's ability to capture "the wonder of childhood" to Bill Watterson's in Calvin and Hobbes. Manga: The Complete Guide described it as "a light, feel-good manga, like an endless summer day." Nicholas Penedo of Animeland said "with Yotsuba, we find ourselves plunged into the wonderful world of childhood," calling the French edition of volume eight, "A beautiful manga for children and adults." BD Gest praised Azuma's skill in making distinct secondary characters, calling them "immediately recognisable", and saying that they each spice up the story in their own ways. However, Azuma has been criticized for creating characters that are "too clean, too perfectly functional," for overusing "outrageous expressions and reactions," and for dragging out jokes too long.
Yotsuba&! has been popular with readers as well as reviewers. For example, on Amazon.co.jp, volume six was the third best-selling comic in Japan for the first half of 2007 and volume eight was the second best-selling comic in Japan for 2008; volumes seven and eight both were number two on the Tohan comics chart the week they debuted. Volume eight sold more than 450,000 copies in 2008, making it one of the top 50 bestselling manga volumes on the Oricon chart for the year. The first five volumes of the English translation were each among the top 100 selling graphic novels in the United States in the month of release. Volume six of the English edition reached number 3 on the New York Times best seller list for manga, and it stayed on the list for four weeks. Volume 8 debuted at No. 2 on the manga best seller list.
The series had sold a total of 13 million copies worldwide as of December 5, 2015, and 2 million of which are published outside of Japan, including the U.S., France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Russia, Sweden, Finland, Korea, China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Awards and recognitions
Yotsuba&! received an Excellence Award for Manga at the 2006 Japan Media Arts Festival, where the jury citation praised the vivid characters and gentle atmosphere. In 2008 Yotsuba&! was nominated for the 12th Osamu Tezuka Culture Award and the Eisner Award in the "Best Publication for Kids" category, but did not win either, and was runner-up for the first annual Manga Taishō award. In 2016, Yotsuba&! won the Grand Prize at the 20th Osamu Tezuka Culture Awards, sharing it with Kei Ichinoseki's Hanagami Sharaku. The English translation was listed as one of the best 20 comics of 2005 by Publishers Weekly, one of the best comics of 2006 by the staff of The Comics Journal, and one of the top graphic novels for teens in 2008 by YALSA. Volume one was named Book of the Month in the June 2005 issue of Newtype USA.
There was an exhibit of Yotsuba&! artwork at the Gallery of Fantastic Art in Tokyo from 2–17 December 2006. The lead article of the May 2009 issue of the Japanese design magazine Idea was a study of Yotsuba&!, focusing on book design, interior layout, and how translated editions were handled.
- Chad Clayton (6 June 2005). "Yotsuba&! vol. 1". Anime Jump!. Archived from the original on 10 May 2006. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- Greg McElhatton (24 March 2005). "Yotsuba&! Vol. 1". Read About Comics. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- "Yotsuba&! (Archive)". Wayback machine/ADV Films. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
- Alverson, Brigid (23 June 2008). "ADV Manga Is Still in the Picture". Publishers Weekly. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
‘When will Yotsuba&! come out?’ We don’t know, and we’re not going to lie about it.
- Scott Green (28 May 2008). "AICN Anime-Yotsuba Questions Answered, An Early Look at Gantz, Koike's Color of Rage and More!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
- Koulikov, Mikhail (7 February 2009). "New York Comic Con Yen Press". Anime News Network. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- "Yen Press » YOTSUBA&! by Kiyohiko Azuma". Yen Press. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- Initially, she claims to be six years old, but this is corrected by her father in chapter 36: Azuma, Kiyohiko (September 2009) [31 December 2006]. "Chapter 36: Yotsuba & Bicycles". Yotsuba&!. Volume 11. New York: Yen Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-316-07324-0.
- Doorbells: chapters 2 and 4; escalators: chapter 5; air conditioners: chapter 3; swings: chapter 1; in Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). Yotsuba&!. Volume 1. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0317-1.
- Tom Spurgeon (15 August 2005). "Yotsuba&! Vol. 1". The Comics Reporter. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- Beard, Patricia (22 June 2007). "Yotsuba&! Vol. No. 04". Mania.com. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- As reported by Ena Ayase in Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 14: Asagi & Souvenirs". Yotsuba&!. Volume 2. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0318-8.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Translator's Notes". Yotsuba&!. Volume 1. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0317-1.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2016). "Chapter 87: Yotsuba & Cleaning". Yotsuba&!. Volume 13. Yen Press. ISBN 978-0-316-31921-8.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 7: Yotsuba & Rain". Yotsuba&!. Volume 1. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0317-1.
- Carlson, Johanna Draper (28 July 2008). "*Yotsuba&! — Recommended Series". Comics Worth Reading. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
Dad’s not particularly normal, either. During move-in, Yotsuba gets distracted and wanders off. His reaction is that "she’ll be back when she gets hungry," as though she was a pet.
- Chad Clayton (6 June 2005). "Yotsuba&! vol. 1". Anime Jump!. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 19 June 2008.
Yotsuba's "dad" Koiwai has more than a little of the "twenty-something slacker" aura, but he genuinely cares about her and does his best to take care of her.
- Chapter 61: Yotsuba & Balloons
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 16: Yotsuba & Asagi". Yotsuba&!. Volume 3. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0329-4.
- Whether this means vice-president of the student council or another body is not clear. Azuma, Kiyohiko (September 2009) [31 December 2006]. "Chapter 40: Yotsuba & Delivering". Yotsuba&!. Volume 6. New York: Yen Press. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-316-07324-0.
- Chiyo-chichi shirt: Yotsuba&!, chapter 8. Plushie: Yotsuba&!, chapters 29 and 42.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 8: Yotsuba & Drawing". Yotsuba&!. Volume 2. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0318-8.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2007). "Chapter 28: Yotsuba & Cardbo". Yotsuba&!. Volume 5. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0349-2.
- Frog: Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 13: Yotsuba & the Frog". Yotsuba&!. Volume 2. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0318-8.. Fish: Azuma, Kiyohiko (2007). "Chapter 23: Yotsuba & Fishing". Yotsuba&!. Volume 4. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0345-4.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 20: Yotsuba & the Fireworks Show?". Yotsuba&!. Volume 3. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0329-4.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2007). "Chapter 31: Yotsuba & Stars". Yotsuba&!. Volume 5. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0349-2.
- For example, his various comments about his height in Yotsuba&!, chapter 4: Azuma, Kiyohiko (2005). "Chapter 4: Yotsuba & TV". Yotsuba&!. Volume 1. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0317-1.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (April 2010). "Chapter 50: Yotsuba & The Restaurant". Yotsuba&!. Volume 8. Yen Press. ISBN 978-0-316-07327-1.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (2007). "Chapter 30: Yotsuba & Yanda". Yotsuba&!. Volume 5. ADV Manga. ISBN 978-1-4139-0349-2.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (December 2009) . "Chapter 45: Yotsuba & the Pâtissier". Yotsuba&!. Volume 7. New York: Yen Press. ISBN 978-0-316-07325-7.
- "Cat version of yotsuba's danbo character inspires tv anime in October". Anime News Network. February 22, 2016.
- "あずまきよひこ.com: TOPICS (FAQ)" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 25 May 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
- "Yotsuba&! Creator Kiyohiko Azuma Addresses Anime Rumors". Anime News Network. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- "Yotsuba&! Vol 1" (in French). Kurokawa. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "¡YOTSUBA!" (in Spanish). Norma Editorial. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Yotsuba&!" (in German). Tokyopop Germany. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Yotsuba & !" (in Italian). Dynit. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Yotsuba&!" (in Finnish). Punainen jättiläinen. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- 요츠바랑! (in Korean). Daiwon C.I. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- 四葉妹妹! (in Chinese). Kadokawa Media. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Yotsuba&!" (in Vietnamese). TVM Comics. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- โยทสึบะ หนูเด๋อจอมป่วน! (in Thai). NED Comics. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Azuma Kiyohiko discuses volume 6" (in Japanese). 23 January 2007. Archived from the original on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2007.
- Azuma, Kiyohiko (27 November 2008). "あずまきよひこ.com: ENTRY [カレンダーとか]" [AzumaKiyohiko.com: ENTRY "And Calendar?"] (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 1, 2008.
- "Yotsuba Wall Calendar Site" (in Japanese). Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- "Yotsuba Desktop Calendar Site" (in Japanese). Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- "Yotsuba Calendar". kiyohiko Azuma. Retrieved 20 September 2009.
- "Yotsubato! Image Album". Anime News Network. 23 March 2005. Retrieved 17 January 2007.
- "Yotsuba Music CD Site" (in Japanese). Retrieved 18 May 2007.
- "Fuyu Shōgun CD Site" (in Japanese). Retrieved 18 May 2007.
- よつばとしろとくろのどうぶつ (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Carlo Santos (27 November 2007). "RIGHT TURN ONLY!! – Society for the Study of Really Awesome Endings". Anime News Network. Retrieved 27 November 2007.
Such is the way of Kiyohiko Azuma's slice-of-life storytelling, which was mastered within the four-panel pillars of Azumanga Daioh but perfected only in the full-chapter format that Yotsuba&! brings.
- Carl Kimlinger (9 February 2008). "Review: Yotsuba&! GN 5". Anime News Network. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
What is really special about Yotsuba, though, is that newness with which she, as a child, sees the world. That the manga allows us to glimpse the world through those same eager eyes is what gives it appeal far beyond its humor. And it's in this that Azuma's decision to move past the four-panel format really pays dividends.
- Jessica Chobot (2 August 2005). "Yotsuba&! Vol. 1 Review". IGN Comics. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
Incredibly strong drawings with excellent composition, detailing without being over-drawn and solid inking enhances the whole package.
- Deb Aoki. "Yotsuba&! Volume 4 by Kiyohiko Azuma – Yotsuba Manga Review". About.com. Retrieved 13 June 2008.
Crisp, un-fussy artwork, with delightful character expressions... The humor flows effortlessly with flawless timing.
- Greg McElhatton (21 June 2007). "Yotsuba&! Vol. 4". Read About Comics. Retrieved 1 August 2007.
- Carlson, Johanna Draper (28 July 2008). "*Yotsuba&! — Recommended Series". Comics Worth Reading. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
He beautifully draws everyday life and items, providing a grounding background. The detailed settings, such as the town streets, nicely contrast with the simpler character faces. And his sense of motion makes action sequences feel like a cartoon, they move so smoothly.
- Dan Grendell (29 December 2005). "Big Eyes for the Cape Guy presents YOTSUBA&!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved 31 July 2007.
Azuma's facial expressions bring YOTSUBA&! to life, making every page feel rich with personality, almost radiating emotion. The faces play a key role in the art, dominating each panel but not overpowering it.
- Johnston, Chris (June 2005). "Yotsuba&! Volume 1: Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic". Newtype USA 4 (6): 162.
Its light-hearted fluffy slice-of-life episodes are accentuated by Azuma's cutely expressive artwork, which gives the book a near-weightless quality.
- Mike Dungan (31 March 2005). "Yotsuba&! Vol. No. 01". Anime on DVD. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
Yotsuba is like a blank slate of joyous fun, learning about everything and loving every minute of it ... Yotsuba&! manages the clever balancing act of being both manic and gentle fun at the same time.
- Tom Spurgeon (31 May 2007). "Yotsuba&! Vol. 4". The Comics Reporter. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- Carlo Santos (26 June 2007). "Yotsuba and RTO – RIGHT TURN ONLY!!". Anime News Network. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
The second half of the book is observational humor at its absolute pinnacle ... [T]here are plenty of times when Yotsuba&! is less than brilliant—usually when the series defeats itself by dragging out a joke too long.
- Carlson, Johanna Draper (28 July 2008). "*Yotsuba&! — Recommended Series". Comics Worth Reading. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
Almost everything is a new experience for her, and her enthusiasm provides the appeal of the stories. Her wide-eyed innocence and seemingly inexhaustible energy makes for charming misunderstandings and comedy.
- Tom Spurgeon (15 August 2005). "Yotsuba&! Volume 1". The Comics Reporter. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
Kyohiko Azuma's Yotsuba&! manga reads like a love letter to the way kids can be at the age of 2–5, when they are in most ways functioning human beings but function in a world that's impossibly huge and easy to accept for its more benign surface qualities.
- Thompson, Jason (2007). Manga: The Complete Guide. New York: Del Rey. pp. 402–403. ISBN 978-0-345-48590-8.
- Penedo, Nicholas (13 January 2009). "Animeland – Critiques – Yotsuba ! • Vol. 8 – La BD" (in French). Animeland. Retrieved 28 February 2009.
Toujours aussi frais et mignon, ce tome ne déçoit pas : avec Yotsuba, on se retrouve plongé dans le monde merveilleux de l’enfance. Un beau manga pour petits et grands.
- Natali, M. (31 August 2006). "BD Gest' – Yotsuba ! 1. Yotsuba et le Déménagement" (in French). BD Gest'. Retrieved 28 February 2009.
Azuma brosse des personnages attachants, aux caractères bien marqués, immédiatement reconnaissables et qui pimentent chacun à leur façon les savoureux chapitres de cette comédie.
- "'07 上半期 Booksランキング > 和書" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 29 February 2008.
- "Amazon.co.jp Posts 2008's Top Comics, Light Novels". Anime News Network. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
- "コミックランキング – THE 21 なんでもランキング – お楽しみ – PHP研究所" (in Japanese). Retrieved 9 January 2008.
- "コミックランキング – THE 21 なんでもランキング – お楽しみ – PHP研究所" (in Japanese). Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- "2008's Top-Selling Manga in Japan, #26–50". Anime News Network. 21 December 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2008.
- Volume 1: , volume 2: , volume 3: , volume 4: . Retrieved 31 July 2007.
- Volume 5: . Retrieved 27 November 2007.
- "Best Sellers: Graphic Books". New York Times. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "New York Times Manga Best Seller List, October 4–10". Anime News Network. 16 October 2009. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Best Sellers: Graphic Books: Manga". New York Times. 29 April 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- Crunchyroll - "Yotsuba&!" Manga 13th Volume Tops Japan's Weekly Manga Chart
- "2006 Japan Media Arts Festival Manga Division Excellence Prize YOTSUBA &!". Japan Media Arts Plaza. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
... [A]ll the characters are vividly depicted, which gives exhilaration to the work and the whole atmosphere has a gentleness.
- "Asahi Shimbun 12th Osamu Tezuka Culture Award Final Nominees Announcement" (in Japanese). Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- "2008 Eisner Nominations Most Diverse Yet". Comic-Con International. Retrieved 19 June 2008.
- "Shinichi Ishizuka Wins First Ever Manga Taisho for Gaku". Anime News Network. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
- "Yotsuba&!, Hanagami Sharaku Win 20th Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize's Top Award". Anime News Network. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- Calvin Reid; Heidi MacDonald & Douglas Wolk (7 November 2005). "Best Comics of 2005". Publishers Weekly. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2007.
- "Best Comics of 2006 Index". The Comics Journal. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2007.
- "YALSA Announces Great Graphic Novel List". 17 January 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- よつばと!展 [Yotsuba&! exhibition] (in Japanese). Retrieved 16 July 2008.
- "idea magazine » IDEA NO. 334 : Designs for Manga, Anime & Light Novels (Vol.1)". Seibundō Shinkōsha. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
- "Yotsuba&! Design" (in French). Kurokawa. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
- Official websites
- ASCII Media Works website (Japanese)
- Yotsuba Studio, Kiyohiko Azuma's studio website (Japanese)
- azumakiyohiko.com, Kiyohiko Azuma's personal website (Japanese)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 January 1970. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- Yen Press website