Youakim Moubarac

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Youakim Moubarac
Youakim Moubarac.
Born(1924-07-20)July 20, 1924
DiedMay 24, 1995(1995-05-24) (aged 70)
Occupation(s)Priest, Professor and Researcher
Parent(s)Father: Antoun Moubarac, Mother: Fafrounia Samyia.

Youakim Moubarac (July 20, 1924 – May 24, 1995) was a Lebanese French scholar. He was an Islamologist, an Arabist and a disciple of the Orientalist Louis Massignon and of philosopher Louis Gardet. A Maronite priest, Moubarac dedicated his life and major works to interfaith dialogue between Christianity and Islam, to Arab and Lebanese causes, to the unity of the Church and to the Maronite Church Antiochian heritage.


Youakim Moubarac was born in Kfarsghab, Zgharta, Lebanon in a Maronite family of long sacerdotal tradition. His Father, Antoun, and Grandfather, Youssef, were Maronite priests serving their community in one of the holiest locations of the Eastern Christianity in the Middle East, the Qadisha Valley. His maternal grandfather Nemtallah Samia was also a priest.

Early life[edit]

After ecclesiastic studies in the Maronite Seminary of Ghazir and the Université Saint-Joseph, Beirut, Lebanon, young Youakim was sent in October 1945 to France by his superiors. Once his studies ended in the Seminary of Saint Sulpice, Paris, he was ordained priest on June 29, 1947, in Lebanon. In 1948, he was authorized by the Maronite Patriarch to continue his studies at the Institut Catholique de Paris. In that same year, he is appointed at the service of the Church of Saint Séverin in the Quartier Latin, Paris where he stayed for 18 years.

Expanded description[edit]

In 1951, he presented his first Ph.D. thesis Abraham dans le Coran[1] and joined as a researcher the Centre national de la recherche scientifique, the largest public research organization in France.

From 1950 till 1962, Fr. Moubarac assumed the secretariat of Louis Massignon. In 1959, he started his academic career, teaching Classical Arabic at the Institut Catholique de Paris. Till his death, he taught in several universities such as the Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium, the University of Paris IV: Paris-Sorbonne and others.

He participated between 1962 and 1965 in the Second Vatican Council within the Maronite delegation. After 1965, he dedicated himself to his work of promotion of the Interfaith dialogue, of defense of the Palestinian and especially Lebanese causes from 1975.

From 1985, Father Youakim worked on the rediscovering of the spiritual Syriac roots of the Maronite Church. Between 1987 and 1992, he settled in Lebanon and was in charge of preparing for a Maronite Synod.[2]

During this period, and despite an intensive work on the Synod preparation and many spiritual and political missions, Moubarac started two important projects:

In 1991, the decision of Pope John Paul II to convene a Synod in Rome for all Catholic Lebanese Churches cancelled his project.

In 1992, he settled back in Paris where he resumed his academic work.

Death and afterward[edit]

Father Youakim died on May 24, 1995, in Montpellier, France. His burial took place at the graveyard of the Abbaye Notre-Dame-de-Jouarre, France. Fourteen years later, on August 25, 2009, his remains were transferred, according to his wish, to rest beside his relatives in Mar Youssef Church in Morh Kfarsghab. A solemn mass of requiem, in his home town of Kfarsghab was presided by the Maronite Patriarch Cardinal Mar Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, honored by the presence of the Minister of Information, M. Tarek Mitri representing the President of the Lebanese Republic, General Michel Suleiman, the family and friends.


  1. ^ Moubarac, Youakim (1958), Abraham dans le Coran, Editions Vrin, Paris.
  2. ^ the Maronite Patriarchal Synod Official Website


Youakim Moubarac left important works, large parts of which remain unpublished. In 2005 and 2006, two books were published with some of his previously unpublished works:

  • Georges Corm (2004), Youakim Moubarac, Un homme d'exception, Librairie Orientale, Beirut, ISBN 978-9953-17-014-5
  • Dossier dirigé par Jean Stassinet (2005), Youakim Moubarac, Editions L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne, ISBN 978-2-8251-1965-5

Published works[edit]

  • 1956, Bibliographie de Louis Massignon. Réunie et classée par Y. Moubarac, Institut Français de Damas, Damascus. OCLC 61507397
  • 1956, Les Noms divins dans le Coran et en épigraphie sud-sémitique, Museon, Louvain.
  • 1957, Les Études d'épigraphie sud-sémitique et la naissance de l'Islam : Eléments de bibliographie et lignes de recherches, Librairie orientaliste Paul Geuthner, OCLC 60506136
  • 1958, Abraham dans le Coran, Editions J. Vrin, Paris. OCLC 1325821
  • 1962, L'Islam, Castermann, Paris. OCLC 5850895
  • 1963, Anthologie de la littérature arabe, selon une nouvelle translittération établie par le Cardinal Tisserant, Gedalge, Paris. OCLC 23432852
  • 1963, Catéchisme pour adultes à Saint-Séverin, Casterman, OCLC 53641154
  • 1963, Mémorial Louis Massignon, Sous la direction de Youakim Moubarac et des textes arabes de Ibrahim Madkour, Abd al-Rahman Badawi, Taha Hussein, etc., Dar el-Salam, Imprimerie de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, Cairo. OCLC 20425710
  • 1964, Guide de l'église Saint-Séverin (XIIIe-XVIe siècles) Deuxième édition revue avec textes en espagnol, italien, anglais et allemand, Association Philippe Néri, Paris. OCLC 80149006
  • 1965, Bible, Liturgy, and Dogma, Notre Dame, Ind., Fides Publishers,OCLC 1911571
  • 1965, Saint-Séverin catechism for adults, G. Chapman, London, OCLC 40209004
  • 1965, Calendrier synoptique, juif, chrétien, musulman 1966, Devrue, Paris. OCLC 53685344
  • 1966, I Believe in God, Notre Dame, Ind., Fides Publishers. OCLC 4174404
  • 1966, Calendrier Synoptique, juif, chrétien, musulman, Philippe Néri, Saint Séverin, Paris.
  • 1968, Vocation islamique de Jérusalem, Al Khal Editor, Beirut. OCLC 65491009
  • 1969, La Pensée chrétienne et l'Islam, des origines jusqu'a la prise de Constantinople, Sorbonne, Paris.
  • 1971, Les Musulmans: consultation islamo-chrétienne, Seven Muslim intellectuals from North Africa, Egypt, Iran, and India replies to questions concerning relations with Christians., Beauchesne, Paris. OCLC 545865
  • 1972, Pentalogie Islamo-chrétienne, 5 tomes :
    • tome 1 : L’œuvre de Louis Massignon, OCLC 1054570
    • tome 2 : Le Coran et la critique occidentale, OCLC 915268
    • tome 3 : L’Islam et le dialogue Islamo-Chrétien, OCLC 1032383
    • tome 4 : Les Chrétiens et le Monde Arabe, OCLC 1206343
    • tome 5 : Palestine et Arabité., OCLC 1054596. Editions du Cénacle Libanais, Beirut.
  • 1977, Recherches sur la pensée chrétienne et l'Islam dans les temps modernes et à l'époque contemporaine, Université libanaise, Beirut. OCLC 4993936
  • 1975, Muhammad est-il prophète?, Louvain-La-Neuve, Université catholique de Louvain, Faculté de théologie, OCLC 77446963
  • 1982, Islam et Christianisme en dialogue, Cerf, Paris. ISBN 978-2-204-01851-7
  • 1984, Pentalogie antiochienne, Domaine Maronite, 5 tomes en 7 volumes:
    • tome 1 : les Maronites entre l'Orient syrien et l'Occident Latin, OCLC 58616233
    • tome 2 : le Liban entre l'Islam, la France et l'arabité, OCLC 62029897
    • tome 3 : hommes et institutions, us et coutumes, proverbes et dictons, recettes et chansons, OCLC 58616202
    • tome 4 : répertoire du Liban, OCLC 58616270
    • tome 5 : livre d'heures et de mélodies, OCLC 62029899
    • tome 6 : livre du pain et du vin, OCLC 62029900
    • tome 7 : livre d'images, OCLC 62029898 Publications du cénacle libanais, Beirut.
  • 1986, La Pensée Chrétienne et l’Islam, Université libanaise, Beirut.
  • 1993, La chambre nuptiale du coeur, Approches spirituelles et questionnements de l'Orient syriani, Cariscript, Paris, ISBN 2-87601-228-6
  • 1993, La Question libanaise dans les textes du Patriarche Sfeir, Cariscript, Paris. ISBN 978-2-87601-218-9
  • 1996, al-Quds—al-qaḍīyah نقلته إلى العربية مهاة فرح الخوري, al-Markaz al-Raʼīsī, Beirut, OCLC 123310231


  • Antoine Fleyfel, La théologie contextuelle arabe. Modèle libanais, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2011. [1].

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