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They took their name from the Young Turks, mixing their ideology with a violently revolutionary emphasis. In March 1918 they tried to seize power in Bukhara, with help from the Tashkent Soviet, and the Young Bukharians had to flee from the Emir, Mohammed Alim Khan to Tashkent. They returned in May 1920, and this time were successful: the Red Army took Bukhara and the Young Bukharians formed the first government of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic. In 1923, most of the group joined the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, retaining leadership positions until the purges of 1936–1937.
- Abdurrauf Fitrat
- Abdul Kadir Mukhitdinov
- Faizullah Khojaev, President of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, (17 February 1925 – 17 June 1937)
- Akmal Ikramovich Ikramov, First secretary of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan (December 1929 – 21 September 1937)
- Mahmud Behbudi
- Münevver Kari
- Tursun, Nabijan (December 2014). "The influence of intellectuals of the first half of the 20th century on Uyghur politics". Uyghur Initiative Papers. Central Asia Program (11): 2–3.
- Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World by Alexandre A. Bennigsen and S.Enders Wimbush, University of Chicago Press, 1980
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