The group turned away from the prevailing Naturalism of the time and experimented with various facets of Modernism, including Symbolism and Impressionism. In his review of turn of the century Vienna, historian Carl Schorske wrote of the movement that they "challenged the moralistic stance of nineteenth century literature in favor of sociological truth and psychological - especially sexual - openness."
Hermann Bahr was considered the group's spokesman. Other members included Arthur Schnitzler, Felix Dörmann, Peter Altenberg, Richard Beer-Hofmann, Felix Salten, Raoul Auernheimer, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, and Karl Kraus. Kraus would later distance himself from the group, and in his essay "The Demolished Literature," written soon after the Café Griensteidl's demolition in 1897, he criticized the group and predicted that it "would soon expire for lack of a foyer." After the café's demolition the group (sans Kraus) continued to meet at the nearby Café Central. 
Members or environment of the group
- Peter Altenberg[de], né Richard Engländer (1859, Vienna–1919, Vienna), writer and poet
- Leopold von Andrian[de], né Leopold Freiherr Ferdinand von Andrian zu Werburg[de] (1875, Berlin–1951, Fribourg), diplomat and writer
- Raoul Auernheimer[de] (1876, Vienna–1948, Oakland), jurist and writer
- Hermann (Anastas) Bahr[de] (1863, Linz–1934, Munich), writer, dramatist and critic
- Richard Beer-Hofmann[de] (1866, Vienna–1945, New York), Romancier, dramatist and lyric poet
- Jakob Julius David[de] (1859, Mährisch Weißkirchen (Czech: Hranice na Moravě)–1906, Vienna), journalist and writer
- Felix Dörmann[de], né Felix Biedermann (1870, Vienna–1928, Vienna), writer, librettist and filmproducer
- Frida Uhl Strindberg (1872, Mondsee–1943), writer and translator
- Paul Goldmann[de] (1865, Breslau–1935, Vienna), journalist, publicist, travel writer, theatre critic and translator
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal[de] (1874, Vienna–1929, Rodaun), writer, dramatist, lyric poet and librettist
- Karl Kraus (writer)[de] (1874, Jitschin–1936, Vienna), publicist, satirist, lyric poet, aphorist, dramatist and critic
- Anton Lindner (writer)[de] (1874, Lemberg–1928, Wandsbek), lyric poet, narrative writer, critic and translator
- Felix Salten[de], né Siegmund Salzmann (1869, Pest–1945), author and critic
- Arthur Schnitzler[de] (1862, Leopoldstadt–1931, Vienna), narrative writer and dramatist
- Richard Specht[de] (1870, Vienna–1932), lyricist, dramatist, musicologist and writer
- Jakob Wassermann[de] (1873, Fürth–1934, Altaussee), writer
- Stefan Zweig[de] (1881, Vienna–1942, Petrópolis), writer
- Carl E. Schorske (1981). Fin-De-Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture. New York: Random House. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-394-74478-0.
- Gabrielle H. Cody; Evert Sprinchorn (2007). The Columbia encyclopedia of modern drama: A-L. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14422-3.
- Humphries, Rob (2001). The Rough Guide to Vienna. London: Rough Guides, ltd. ISBN 978-1-85828-725-6.
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