Youssef Chahed

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Youssef Chahed
يوسف الشاهد
PM Youssef Chahed.png
14th Prime Minister of Tunisia
In office
27 August 2016 – 27 February 2020[1]
PresidentBeji Caid Essebsi
Mohamed Ennaceur (acting)
Kais Saied
Preceded byHabib Essid
Succeeded byElyes Fakhfakh
President of Tahya Tounes
Assumed office
2 June 2019
Preceded byPosition established
Personal details
Born (1975-09-18) 18 September 1975 (age 44)
Tunis, Tunisia
Political partyNidaa Tounes (Before 2019)
Tahya Tounes (2019–present)
EducationTunis University
National Institute of
Agriculture, Paris-Grignon

Youssef Chahed (Arabic: يوسف الشاهد‎; born 18 September 1975) is a Tunisian politician who served as the 14th Prime Minister of Tunisia from 27 August 2016 to 27 February 2020. Previously he was Secretary of State for Fishing from 2015 to 2016 and Minister of Local Affairs in 2016. He was a member of the Nidaa Tounes party until he formed Tahya Tounes.[2] By profession he is an agricultural engineer, researcher and university professor.[citation needed] He was elected president of the newly founded Tahya Tounes party on 2 June 2019.[3]

Education and career[edit]

Born in Tunis in 1975, Youssef Chahed studied to become an agricultural engineer at the National Agricultural Institute of Tunisia, where he graduated as valedictorian in 1998.[4][5]

He then joined the Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon in France. He graduated in 1999, obtaining a postgraduate diploma (DEA) in environmental economics and resource and in 2003 a PhD in Agricultural Economics under the direction of Jean-Christophe Bureau. The title of his DEA was "Measuring the impact on the welfare of tariff cuts on agricultural products: an application of the Trade Restrictiveness Index (TRI) to the economy of the European Union"[6] and his doctoral thesis was on "measuring the impact of agricultural trade liberalization on trade and welfare".[7]

Until 2009 he taught agricultural economics at the Higher Institute of Agriculture in France and in other countries as a visiting professor.[8] He speaks Arabic, French, English and Italian fluently.[9]

Prime Minister[edit]

On 6 August 2016, after President of the Government Habib Essid overwhelmingly lost a confidence vote in parliament, Chahed was nominated by the Nidaa Tounes party to succeed Essid as President of the Government. On 26 August 2016, his Government was approved by the Assembly of People's Representatives with 167 votes in favour out of 194 votes cast and was therefore appointed by the President of Tunisia, Beji Caid Essebsi.[10][11]

In 2019, the Chahed government banned the burka after the 2019 Tunis bombings. The same year, Chahed announced his candidacy for the Tunisian presidency.[12]

Austerity[edit]

In 2018 protests erupted as a reaction to the newly passed Finance Act which took effect on 1 January, that raised taxes on gasoline, phone cards, housing, internet usage, hotel rooms and foods such as fruits and vegetables.[13][14] Customs taxes on cosmetics and some agricultural products were also raised.[15]

The Popular Front, an alliance of leftist opposition parties, called for continued protests against the government's "unjust" austerity measures while Tunisian Prime Minister Youssef Chahed denounced the violence and appealed for calm, claiming that he and his government believes that 2018 "would be the last difficult year for the Tunisians".[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tunisia: Swearing in of the Fakhfakh government at the Presidential Palace in Carthage (in French) Kapitalis, 27 Feb 2020, retrieved 30 Mar 2020
  2. ^ "Tunisia's secular opposition forms new party". Al Jazeera. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Tunisia PM Chahed elected president of new party Tahya Tounes". Al Jazeera. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Biographie de Youssef Chahed, chef du gouvernement d'union nationale". Business News. 6 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Qui est Youssef Chahed, nouveau Secrétaire d'Etat à la Pêche".
  6. ^ Group, PMB. "Infodoc : Réseau des bibliothèques et centres de documentation d'AgroParisTech".
  7. ^ https://www.theses.fr/2003INAP0011
  8. ^ http://www.businessnews.com.tn/qui-est-youssef-chahed-,520,66172,3
  9. ^ "Der Mann für den Ruck in Tunesien", Die Zeit, 29 August 2016
  10. ^ http://www.tunisia-live.net/2016/08/12/chahed-new-government-to-represent-women-and-the-young/
  11. ^ http://majles.marsad.tn/2014/fr/vote/57c0e020cf44123b7174acda
  12. ^ "Tunisia's PM Chahed submits bid to run for presidency". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  13. ^ Blaise, Lilia (2018). "'You Can't Survive Anymore': Tunisia Protests Rising Prices and Taxes". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Tunisian opposition leader calls for continued protests". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  15. ^ Amara, Tarek. "Tunisian protester killed in clashes with police over price hikes, unemployment". AF. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Habib Essid
Prime Minister of Tunisia
2016–2020
Succeeded by
Elyes Fakhfakh