Ypsolopha

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Ypsolopha
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Ypsolophidae
Subfamily: Ypsolophinae
Genus: Ypsolopha
Latreille, 1796 [1]
Synonyms
  • Ypsolophus Fabricius, 1798 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolopha)
  • Hypsolophus Illiger, 1801 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolophus)
  • Cerostoma Latreille, [1802]
  • Ypsilophus Oken, 1815 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolophus)
  • Hypsolopha Billberg, 1820 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolopha)
  • Theristis Hübner, [1825]
  • Harpipterix Hübner, [1825]
  • Abebaea Hübner, [1825]
  • Theristes; Hübner, [1826] (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Theristis)
  • Chaetochilus Stephens, 1834
  • Harpipteryx; Stephens, 1834 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Harpipterix)
  • Harpepteryx Sodoffsky, 1837 (Unjustified emendation of Harpipterix)
  • Pteroxia Guenée, 1845
  • Hypolepia Guenée, 1845
  • Harpopteryx; Agassiz, 1847 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Harpipterix)
  • Hypsilophus Agassiz, 1847 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolophus and junior homonym of Hypsilophus Wagler, 1830)
  • Credemnon Wallengren, 1880
  • Periclymenobius Wallengren, 1880
  • Trachoma Wallengren, 1880
  • Pluteloptera Chambers, 1880
  • Plutelloptera; Chambers, 1880 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Pluteloptera)
  • Mapa Strand, 1911
  • Pycnopogon Chrétien, 1922 (Junior homonym of Pycnopogon Loew, 1847)
  • Credemna; Forbes, 1923 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Credemnon)
  • Melitonympha Meyrick, 1927
  • Chalconympha Meyrick, 1931
  • Credemon; Moriuti, 1977 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Credemnon)

Ypsolopha is a genus of moth of the Ypsolophidae family. It is the type genus of the Ypsolophidae family and comprises over 120 described species (about 95% of the known world diversity of the Ypsolophidae family).

Distribution[edit]

Most Ypsolopha species have been recorded from the Holarctic temperate region.

Description[edit]

Ypsolopha species are variable in shape and color and no exclusive superficial features have been established for the group. In contrast, the genitalia of both sexes are remarkably homogeneous.

Biology[edit]

Adults are nocturnal or rarely diurnal. Their resting postures are various, but they often have the head down and the lower body up. Ypsolopha acuminata mimics a small broken branch at rest. The larvae usually live in open webs on the leaves of various, primarily woody, plants and mostly feed on a limited range of host plants. They are active primarily at night and have two defensive behaviors that involve wiggling and jumping.

Selected species[edit]

Former species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Descriptions of three new species of Ypsolopha Latreille (Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae) from East Asia, redescription of Y. contractella (Caradja) and a checklist of East Asian Ypsolopha
  2. ^ a b c d e Ponomarenko, M.G., Sohn, J.-C., Zinchenko, Y.N., & Wu, C.-S. "Five new East-Asian species of the genus Ypsolopha Latreille (Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae)." Zootaxa 2760 (2011): 18-28.