Ypthima asterope

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African ringlet
Common Three Ring-SavanDurga Bangalore rural.jpg
Y. a. mahratta on Savan Durga, India
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Ypthima
Species: Y. asterope
Binomial name
Ypthima asterope
(Klug, 1832)[1]
  • Hipparchia asterope Klug, 1832
  • Ypthima mahratta
  • Ypthima hereroica
  • Ypthima asterope ab. simpliciocellata Strand, 1909
  • Ypthima asterope ab. hereroica Grünberg, 1910

Ypthima asterope, commonly known as the African ringlet or common threering, is a species of Satyrinae butterfly found in most dry areas of Africa and Asia.

The wingspan is 30–34 mm in males and 32–38 mm in females. Adults are on wing year-round with peaks in summer and autumn in southern Africa. There is one generation per year.[2]

The larvae feed on Poaceae grasses. Larvae have also been reared on Ehrharta erecta.


The species may be divided into the following subspecies:

  • Ypthima asterope asterope (India, Arabia, northern tropical Africa)
  • Ypthima asterope mahratta Moore, 1884 (north-western India to Assam)
  • Ypthima asterope hereroica van Son, 1955 (Southern Africa, Namibia)


  1. ^ Ypthima at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.