Yttrium(III) bromide

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Yttrium(III) bromide[1]
YBr3structure.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
Yttrium(III) bromide
Other names
Yttrium tribromide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.375 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 236-728-2
UNII
Properties
YBr3
Molar mass 328.618 g/mol
Appearance colorless hygroscopic crystals
Melting point 904 °C (1,659 °F; 1,177 K)
83.3 g/100 mL at 30°C
Structure
Trigonal, hR24
R-3, No. 148
Hazards
Irritant Xi
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g. turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
1
0
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Yttrium(III) bromide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula YBr3. It is a white solid. Anhydrous yttrium(III) bromide can be produced by reacting yttrium oxide or yttrium(III) bromide hydrate and ammonium bromide. The reaction proceeds via the intermediate (NH4)3YBr6.[3] Another method is to react yttrium carbide (YC2) and elemental bromine.[4] Yttrium(III) bromide can be reduced by yttrium metal to YBr or Y2Br3.[5] It can react with osmium to produce Y4Br4Os.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, pp. 4–94, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2
  2. ^ http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/aldrich/451355?lang=en&region=US
  3. ^ Gerd Meyer, Siegfried Dötsch, Thomas Staffel (1987). "The ammonium-bromide route to anhydrous rare earth bromides MBr3". Journal of the Less Common Metals. 127: 155–160. doi:10.1016/0022-5088(87)90372-9.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Mussler, R. E.; Campbell, T. T.; Block, F. E.; Robidart, G. B. Metallothermic reduction of yttrium halides. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations, 1963. 6259. pp 21.
  5. ^ H. Mattausch, J. B. Hendricks, R. Eger, J. D. Corbett, A. Simon (1980). "Reduced halides of yttrium with strong metal-metal bonding: yttrium monochloride, monobromide, sesquichloride, and sesquibromide". Inorganic Chemistry. 19 (7): 2128–2132. doi:10.1021/ic50209a057. ISSN 0020-1669.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Peter K. Dorhout, John D. Corbett (1992). "A novel structure type in reduced rare-earth metal halides. One-dimensional confacial chains based on centered square antiprismatic metal units: Y4Br4Os and Er4Br4Os". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 114 (5): 1697–1701. doi:10.1021/ja00031a024. ISSN 0002-7863.