Yttrium(III) fluoride

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Yttrium(III) fluoride
Yttrium(III) fluoride
Names
Other names
yttrium trifluoride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.855 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 237-257-5
UNII
  • InChI=1S/3FH.Y/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3 checkY
    Key: RBORBHYCVONNJH-UHFFFAOYSA-K checkY
  • InChI=1/3FH.Y/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3
    Key: RBORBHYCVONNJH-DFZHHIFOAP
  • F[Y](F)F
Properties
YF3
Molar mass 145.90 g mol−1
Appearance white powder
Density 4.01 g cm−3
Melting point 1,387 °C (2,529 °F; 1,660 K)
Boiling point 2,230 °C (4,050 °F; 2,500 K)
insoluble
Solubility in acid soluble
1.51 (500 nm)
Structure
Orthorhombic, oP16, SpaceGroup = Pnma, No. 62
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H302, H312, H315, H319, H332, H335
P261, P264, P270, P271, P280, P301+P312, P302+P352, P304+P312, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P322, P330, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P363, P403+P233, P405, P501
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Yttrium(III) chloride
Yttrium(III) bromide
Yttrium(III) iodide
Other cations
Scandium(III) fluoride
Lutetium(III) fluoride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)

Yttrium(III) fluoride is an inorganic chemical compound with the chemical formula YF3. It is not known naturally in 'pure' form. The fluoride minerals containing essential yttrium include tveitite-(Y) (Y,Na)6Ca6Ca6F42 and gagarinite-(Y) NaCaY(F,Cl)6. Sometimes mineral fluorite contains admixtures of yttrium.[1][2]

Synthesis[edit]

YF3 can be produced by reacting fluorine with yttria or yttrium hydroxide with hydrofluoric acid.

Y(OH)3 + 3HF → YF3 + 3H2O

Occurrence and uses[edit]

It occurs as the mineral waimirite-(Y).[3]

Yttrium(III) fluoride can be used for the production of metallic yttrium, thin films, glasses and ceramics.

Hazards[edit]

Conditions/substances to avoid are: acids, active metals and moisture.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dinér, Peter (February 2016). "Yttrium from Ytterby". Nature Chemistry. 8 (2): 192. doi:10.1038/nchem.2442. ISSN 1755-4349. PMID 26791904.
  2. ^ "Tiny particles produce huge photon avalanches". Physics World. 2021-01-21. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  3. ^ "Waimirite-(Y): Mineral information, data and localities".