Yttrium hydroxide

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Yttrium hydroxide
Identifiers
  • 16469-22-0 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.036.821 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 240-520-7
  • InChI=1S/3H2O.Y/h3*1H2;/q;;;+3/p-3
    Key: DEXZEPDUSNRVTN-UHFFFAOYSA-K
  • [OH-].[Y+3].[OH-].[OH-]
Properties
Y(OH)3
Appearance white solid
Related compounds
Other anions
yttrium oxide
Other cations
scandium(III) hydroxide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Yttrium(III) hydroxide is an inorganic compound and an alkali with the chemical formula Y(OH)3.

Production[edit]

Yttrium(III) hydroxide can be produced by reacting yttrium(III) nitrate and sodium hydroxide in aqueous solution:[1]

Y(NO3)3 + 3 NaOH → Y(OH)3↓ + 3 NaNO3

This gives yttrium(III) hydroxide as a white gelatinous precipitate, which can be dried to a white powder.[2]

Chemical properties[edit]

Yttrium(III) hydroxide is an alkali, so it can react with acid:

Y(OH)3 + 3 HNO3 → Y(NO3)3 + 3 H2O
2 Y(OH)3 + 3 H2SO4 → Y2(SO4)3 + 3 H2O

The compound absorbs atmospheric carbon dioxide.[2]

When heated, yttrium(III) hydroxide will decompose:

2 Y(OH)3Y2O3 + 3 H2O↑

References[edit]

  1. ^ 田俐,陈稳纯,陈琳 等. 水热法合成氢氧化钇纳米管. 无机材料学报. 2009. 24(2): 335-339
  2. ^ a b Perry, Dale L. (2011). Handbook of Inorganic Compounds. CRC Press. pp. 460–461. ISBN 978-1-4398-1461-1.