26 March 1922|
Sheng County, Zhejiang
|Died||19 February 2011
Yuan Xuefen (Chinese: 袁雪芬; pinyin: Yuán Xuěfēn; 26 March 1922 – 19 February 2011) was a noted performer in the Shaoxing opera genre of Chinese opera. She has been called "arguably the most important actress in the recent history of Yueju [Shaoxing] opera". The only other artist to be ranked with her is Fu Quanxiang.
Yuan is most known for playing the title role in the 1946 production of Sister Xianglin, an adaptation of a work by Lu Xun. Before beginning work on the adaptation of the work, she personally visited the home of Xu Guangping and Zhou Haiying, Lu Xun's wife and son, and asked their permission. According to Zhou, his mother quickly granted the request. Yuan is credited with leading the reform of Yue opera staging during the 1940s. Changes included the extensive use of lighting and scenery, and a new, soft style of costuming. In 1964, the film Stage Sisters, based on Yuan's life, was released. During the Cultural Revolution, Yuan was severely criticized as a way of attacking Premier Zhou Enlai, who supported the film.
- Siu, Leung Li (2007). Cross-Dressing in Chinese Opera (Illustrated ed.). Hong Kong University Press. p. 236. ISBN 962-209-832-0.
- Lily Xiao Hong Lee, Clara Wing-chung Ho A. D. Stefanowska, Sue Wiles Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women Volume 2 2003 Page 170 "Fu Quanxiang Fu Quanxiang, b. 1923, as Sun Quanxiang in a village in Shengxian County, Zhejiang Province, is one of China's two most famous yueju artists, the other being Yuan Xuefen":
- Cody, Gabrielle H.; Evert Sprinchorn (2007). The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama. Columbia University Press. pp. 1249–1250. ISBN 0-231-14424-5.
- Zhou, Haiying (2002). Lu Xun yu Wo Qishi Nian [Seventy Years of Lu Xun and Me]. Lianjing Chubanshe. pp. 186–188. ISBN 978-957-08-2432-2.
- Brandon, James R.; Martin Banham (1997). The Cambridge Guide to Asian Theatre (2, Illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-521-58822-7.
- Berry, Michael (2005). Speaking in Images: Interviews with Contemporary Chinese Filmmakers (Illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. p. 33. ISBN 0-231-13331-6.
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