Yugoslav Braille

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Yugoslav Braille
Type
alphabet
LanguagesSerbo-Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian
Parent systems
Braille
  • Yugoslav Braille
Print basis
Gaj's Latin alphabet
Macedonian alphabet
Slovene alphabet

Yugoslav Braille is a family of closely related braille alphabets used for Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, and Macedonian languages. It is based on the unified international braille conventions, with the letters corresponding to their Latin transliterations.

Alphabet[edit]

Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
Serbian а б ц ћ ч д ђ џ - е ф г -
Croatian a b c ć č d đ - e f g -
Macedonian а б ц - ч д - џ ѕ е ф г ѓ
Slovene a b c - č d - - - e f g -
Braille ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)  
Serbian х и ј к - л љ м н њ о п  
Croatian h i j k - l lj m n nj o p  
Macedonian х и ј к ќ л љ м н њ о п  
Slovene h i j k - l - m n - o p  
Braille ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)  
Serbian - р с ш т у в - - - з ж  
Croatian q r s š t u v w x y z ž  
Macedonian - р с ш т у в - - - з ж  
Slovene q r s š t u v w x y z ž  
Accents
(print accents illustrated on the letter e)
Print è ȅ é ȇ
Braille ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56)

Punctuation[edit]

Serbian and Croatian Braille differ in quotation marks, brackets, and in the period/full stop vs. apostrophe.[1] There is less punctuation reported for Slovene and Macedonian Braille, but what there is matches Serbian conventions.

Blank cells in the tables are unattested.

Single punctuation:

Print , .[1] ? ! '[1] ; : * - _ / & §   ¶
Croatian ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
Serbian ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)

Paired punctuation:

Print “ ...... ”[1] ‘ ...... ’ ( ...... )[1] [ ...... ] { ...... } / ...... /
Croatian ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)
Serbian ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠰ (braille pattern dots-56)⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

Formatting[edit]

⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
(num.) (end
num.)
(Caps) (CAPS) (l.c.) (emph.) (super-
script)

The superscript is reported for Croatian Braille; in Serbian Braille, is used for the virgule /. In Slovene Braille, the emphasis (bold/italic) marker is reported to be an abbreviation sign.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e The Croatian apostrophe is unusual by international standards, and it is possible the period and apostrophe were swapped in a copy error by Unesco (2013) and copied from them to other sources. Croatian Wikipedia gives for the period and for parentheses, both agreeing with Serbian Braille.