Yugoslav destroyer Zagreb

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Razarač Zagreb - maketa.jpg
A scale model of Zagreb on display at the Zagreb Technical Museum
History
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Name: Zagreb
Namesake: Zagreb
Commissioned: 30 March 1938
Out of service: 17 April 1941
Fate: Scuttled by crew on 17 April 1941
General characteristics
Class and type: Beograd-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,210 tonnes (1,190 long tons) (standard)
  • 1,655 tonnes (1,629 long tons) (full load)
Length: 98 m (321 ft 6 in)
Beam: 9.45 m (31 ft 0 in)
Draught: 3.18 m (10 ft 5 in)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 38 knots (70 km/h; 44 mph)
Complement: 145
Armament:

The Yugoslav destroyer Zagreb was a destroyer built for the Royal Yugoslav Navy in 1938. During the invasion of Yugoslavia, two of her officers blew up and sank her at the Bay of Kotor on 17 April 1941 to prevent her capture.

Description and construction[edit]

The Beograd class was developed from the French Simoun-class destroyers, and the second ship of the class, Zagreb, was built by Jadranska brodogradilišta at Split, Yugoslavia, under French supervision.[1] The ship had an overall length of 98 m (321 ft 6 in), a beam of 9.45 m (31 ft 0 in), and a normal draught of 3.18 m (10 ft 5 in). Her standard displacement was 1,210 tonnes (1,190 long tons), and she displaced 1,655 tonnes (1,629 long tons) at full load.[2] The crew consisted of 145 officers and enlisted men. The ship was powered by Parsons steam turbines driving two propellors, using steam generated by three Yarrow water-tube boilers. Her turbines were rated at 40,000 shp (30,000 kW) and she was designed to reach a top speed of 38 knots (70 km/h; 44 mph). She carried 120 tonnes (120 long tons) of fuel oil.[2] Although data is not available for Zagreb, her sister ship Beograd had a radius of action of 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km; 1,200 mi).[3]

Her main armament consisted of four Škoda superfiring 120 mm (4.7 in) L/46[a] quick-firing guns in single mounts, two forward of the superstructure and two aft. All four guns were protected by gun shields. Her secondary armament consisted of four Bofors 40 mm (1.6 in) anti-aircraft guns in two dual mounts,[2][4][5] two machine guns and two triple mount 550 mm (22 in) torpedo tubes.[2] Her fire-control system was provided by the Dutch firm of Hazemayer.[4] As built, she could also carry 30 naval mines. Zagreb was launched on 30 March 1938.[2]

Career[edit]

In April 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers, and Italian forces closed on the Bay of Kotor. Faced with capture by the Italians, two junior officers, Milan Spasić and Sergej Mašera, blew up Zagreb and she sank. Spasić and Mašera were killed in the explosion.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ L/46 denotes the length of the gun. In this case, the L/46 gun is 46 calibre, meaning that the gun was 46 times as long as the diameter of its bore.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Chesneau 1980, pp. 357–358.
  2. ^ a b c d e Chesneau 1980, p. 357.
  3. ^ Lenton 1975, p. 106.
  4. ^ a b Jarman 1997, p. 738.
  5. ^ Campbell 1985, p. 394.
  6. ^ Maritime Museum of Montenegro 2007.

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War Two. London, England: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-329-2. 
  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922–1946. London, England: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-146-5. 
  • Jarman, Robert L., ed. (1997). Yugoslavia Political Diaries 1918–1965. 2. Slough, Berkshire: Archives Edition. ISBN 978-1-85207-950-5. 
  • Lenton, H.T. (1975). German Warships of the Second World War. London, England: Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 978-0-356-04661-7. 

Websites[edit]