Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Yugoslavia
Flag
(1961–1991)
Flag
(1992)
Member stationYugoslav Radio Television (JRT)
National selection events
National final
  • Jugovizija
  • 1961–1972
  • 1981–1984
  • 1986–1992
  • Opatija Festival
  • 1973–1976
Participation summary
Appearances27
Host1990
First appearance1961
Last appearance1992
Highest placement1st: 1989
Nul points1964
External links
Yugoslavia's page at Eurovision.tv

Yugoslavia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 27 times, debuting in 1961 and competing every year until its last appearance in 1992, with the exceptions of 1977–1980 and 1985. Yugoslavia won the 1989 contest and hosted the 1990 contest.

Ljiljana Petrović was Yugoslavia's first entrant in the contest in 1961 and placed eighth. In 1962, Lola Novaković gave the country its first top five result, finishing fourth. This would remain Yugoslavia's only top five result until 1983, when Danijel finished fourth with the song "Džuli". Novi Fosili also finished fourth in 1987 with "Ja sam za ples". In 1989, the country achieved its only victory in the contest, when Riva won with the song "Rock Me".

History[edit]

1961–1991: Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

Vice Vukov performing "Čežnja" in Naples (1965)
Eva Sršen performing "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" in Amsterdam (1970)

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961 along with Spain and Finland. The national pre-selection organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) was Jugovizija, and it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina (RTV Sarajevo), SR Croatia (RTV Zagreb and RTV Split[1]), SR Macedonia (RTV Skopje), SR Montenegro (RTV Titograd), SR Serbia (RTV Belgrade) and SR Slovenia (RTV Ljubljana) and also the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo (RTV Priština) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad).[2] The first to compete in 1961 were Belgrade, Ljubljana and Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years.[2]

Yugoslavia was represented by a variety of artists from five of the eight Yugoslav federal units. These artists were from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia, with Macedonia, Vojvodina, and Kosovo never passing the national pre-selection. Croatia was the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 26 times SFR Yugoslavia took part in the contest. From 1977 to 1980, and in 1985, Yugoslavia did not participate in the contest, however national finals still took place.

Yugoslavia won the 1989 contest with the song "Rock Me" by the group Riva. In accordance with the rules, the 1990 contest took place in Zagreb, as the entry came from Croatia.

1992: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

During the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, the former constituent republics of Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia declared secession and hence withdrew from Jugovizija, while the then-leaderships of Serbia and Montenegro agreed to maintain a close alliance. On 28 March 1992, the republics that still (at least formally) constituted the fading and shrunken former Yugoslav federation took part in 1992's Jugovizija held in Belgrade. It included artists not only from Serbia and Montenegro, but also from Bosnia and Herzegovina, although the latter declared independence on 1 March of that year. Among its candidates was Alma Čardžić.[3] The winner of that pre-selection was "Ljubim te pesmama" performed by Extra Nena (Snežana Berić) from Serbia.[4] Before that year's contest took place, on 28 April, a new federal state was formed, consisting of Serbia and Montenegro and called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was represented by the previously mentioned Extra Nena in the 1992 contest.[5][6][7] Yugoslavia was banned from participating in the contest until 2001 due to UN sanctions during the Yugoslav Wars. The sanctions went into effect only a few weeks after the 1992 contest.

1993–present: After the breakup[edit]

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, its former constituent republics proclaimed independence. The once subnational public radio and TV stations changed to national but under new names, including: RTVSLO, HRT, RTS, MRT and so on. Since joining the EBU respectively, all of the ex-Yugoslav countries have independently participated in the Eurovision Song Contest: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and North Macedonia (until 2018 designated as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia).

Overall, the results of the new republics have been mixed: Croatia had some top 10 finishes in the late 1990s, Serbia and Montenegro (as a union) and Bosnia and Herzegovina have enjoyed high scores in the 2000s, and North Macedonia has secured a top 10 result and made it through to the final each year until 2008, in which, even though they came 10th, they didn't qualify to the final. In 2004, Serbia and Montenegro debuted and came in 2nd. In 2007, Serbia and Montenegro entered the contest as independent nations, with Montenegro failing to qualify for the final and Serbia going on to win. In 2013, no ex-Yugoslav country secured a spot in the final, as Bosnia and Herzegovina withdrew before the contest began; Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia all failed to qualify in the first semi-final; and North Macedonia failed to qualify in the second semi-final.

Participation overview[edit]

The following lists the 27 contestants that won the local competition and went on to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest.

Yugoslavia is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages,[citation needed] which were Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, and Macedonian.[8] 22 out of the 26 Yugoslav entries in the contest between 1961 and 1991 were in Serbo-Croatian and the rest in Slovenian. The majority of entries, 11, came from Croatia, where Yugoslavia's pop music industry was centered. No entry from Macedonia or Kosovo made it to the contest, illustrating a cultural marginalisation of the poorest parts of the country.[8]

National selections from 1978 to 1980 and 1985 also took place, but with no intention of sending a representative to the contest.

Table key
1
Winner
Last place
Year Entrant Song Language Place Points
Ljiljana Petrović "Neke davne zvezde" [sr] (Неке давне звезде) Serbo-Croatian
8
9
Lola Novaković "Ne pali svetla u sumrak" [sr] (Не пали светла у сумрак) Serbo-Croatian
4
10
Vice Vukov "Brodovi" [sr] (Бродови) Serbo-Croatian
11
3
Sabahudin Kurt "Život je sklopio krug" [sr] (Живот је склопио круг) Serbo-Croatian
13 ◁
0
Vice Vukov "Čežnja" [sr] (Чежња) Serbo-Croatian
12
2
Berta Ambrož "Brez besed" [sr; sl] Slovene
7
9
Lado Leskovar [sl] "Vse rože sveta" [sr] Slovene
8
7
Luci Capurso and Hamo Hajdarhodžić "Jedan dan" [sr] (Један дан) Serbo-Croatian
7
8
Ivan and 3M [sr] "Pozdrav svijetu" [sr] (Поздрав свијету) Serbo-Croatian
13
5
Eva Sršen "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" Slovene
11
4
Krunoslav Slabinac "Tvoj dječak je tužan" [sr] (Твој дјечак је тужан) Serbo-Croatian
14
68
Tereza Kesovija "Muzika i ti" [sr] (Музика и ти) Serbo-Croatian
9
87
Zdravko Čolić "Gori vatra" [sr] (Гори ватра) Serbo-Croatian
15
65
Korni Grupa "Generacija '42" [sr] (Моја генерација) Serbo-Croatian
12
6
Pepel in kri [sl] "Dan ljubezni" [sr; sl] Slovene
13
22
Ambasadori "Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" [sr] (Не могу скрити своју бол) Serbo-Croatian
17
10
Seid Memić Vajta "Lejla" [sr] (Лејла) Serbo-Croatian
15
35
Aska "Halo, halo" [sr] (Хало, хало) Serbo-Croatian
14
21
Daniel "Džuli" (Џули) Serbo-Croatian
4
125
Vlado and Isolda "Ciao, amore" [sr] Serbo-Croatian
18
26
Doris Dragović "Željo moja" [sr] (Жељо моја) Serbo-Croatian
11
49
Novi fosili "Ja sam za ples" [sr] (Ја сам за плес) Serbo-Croatian
4
92
Srebrna krila "Mangup" [sr] (Мангуп) Serbo-Croatian
6
87
Riva "Rock Me" Serbo-Croatian[a]
1
137
Tajči "Hajde da ludujemo" [sr] (Хајде да лудујемо) Serbo-Croatian
7
81
Baby Doll "Brazil" [sr] Serbo-Croatian
21
1
Extra Nena [sr] "Ljubim te pesmama" [sr] (Љубим те песмама) Serbo-Croatian
13
44

Hostings[edit]

Year Location Venue Presenters
1990 Zagreb, SR Croatia Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall Helga Vlahović Brnobić and Oliver Mlakar

Conductors[edit]

Year Conductor[b] Musical Director Notes Ref.
1961 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Jože Privšek N/A [9]
1962
1963 Socialist Republic of Croatia Miljenko Prohaska
1964 Socialist Republic of Serbia Radivoje Spasić
1965
1966 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mojmir Sepe
1967 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mario Rijavec
1968 Socialist Republic of Croatia Miljenko Prohaska
1969
1970 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mojmir Sepe [10]
1971 Socialist Republic of Croatia Miljenko Prohaska
1972 Socialist Republic of Croatia Nikica Kalogjera
1973 Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Esad Arnautalić
1974 Socialist Republic of Serbia Zvonimir Skerl
1975 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mario Rijavec
1976 Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Esad Arnautalić
1981 Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ranko Rihtman [11]
1982 Socialist Republic of Serbia Zvonimir Skerl
1983 Socialist Republic of Montenegro Radovan Papović
1984 Socialist Republic of Croatia Mato Došen
1986 Socialist Republic of Croatia Nikica Kalogjera
1987
1988
1989
1990 Socialist Republic of Croatia Stjepan Mihajlineć [c] Socialist Republic of Croatia Igor Kuljerić [d] [12]
1991 Socialist Republic of Serbia Slobodan Marković N/A
1992 Sweden Anders Berglund [e]

Related involvement[edit]

Commentators and spokespeople[edit]

Year(s) Serbian commentator Croatian commentator Slovene commentator Spokesperson
1961 Ljubomir Vukadinović Gordana Bonetti Tomaž Terček Saša Novak
1962 Mladen Delić
1963 Miloje Orlović
1964 Miloje Orlović Saša Novak
1965 Mladen Delić Ljubo Jelčić
1966 Dragana Marković
1967 Saša Novak
1968 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1969 Gordana Bonetti
1970 Milovan Ilić Oliver Mlakar Dragana Marković
1971 No spokesperson
1972
1973
1974 Helga Vlahović
1975 Dragana Marković
1976 Viktor Blažič
1977 Did not participate
1978
1979 No broadcast[13]
1980 Milovan Ilić Oliver Mlakar Tomaž Terček
1981 Mladen Popović Helga Vlahović
1982 Miša Molk
1983 Boško Negovanović
1984 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1985 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova[f] Did not participate
1986 Mladen Popović Oliver Mlakar Miša Molk Enver Petrovci
1987 Ljiljana Tipsarević
1988 Slobodan Kaloper Miša Molk
1989 Miša Molk Dijana Čulić
1990 Branko Uvodić Drago Čulina
1991 Ksenija Urličić Mebrura Topolovac
1992 Separate countries Veselin Mrđen
1993 No broadcast[g] Did not participate
1994 Mladen Popović
1995
1996[h]
1997 Nikola Nešković
1998 Vojislav Pantić
1999 No broadcast
2000[i]
2001 Unknown
2002 Mladen Popović
  • Due to Croatia and Slovenia becoming independent countries in the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 there was no Croatian or Slovene commentator.

See also[edit]

Participation of successor states in Eurovision

Participation of successor states in Junior Eurovision

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Song's name and portions of the chorus are in English.
  2. ^ All conductors are of Yugoslav nationality unless otherwise noted.
  3. ^ The song was performed without orchestral accompaniment at the national final.
  4. ^ Although Kuljerić was officially credited as musical director, he did not conduct any entries; the orchestra was assembled and rehearsed by Stanko Selak, who was credited as the contest's assistant musical director. Selak additionally stepped in to conduct the Cypriot entry.
  5. ^ Host conductor; also played accordion. The entry was conducted by Zvonimir Skerl at the national final.
  6. ^ Transmitted next day on TV Skopje 1.
  7. ^ RTS did not broadcast the competition live, but played videos of the participants within the show Music Carousel.
  8. ^ In 1996, RTS transmitted the contest day after the live show, cutting the "good luck wishes" from politician leaders that aired before every performance.
  9. ^ In 2000 there was no live broadcast of the contest, but Third channel of RTS aired all the performances (except Israel's), and the winning performance, without voting sequence.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b Jugovizija statistics by year Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Eurodalmatia official ESC fan club, Dalmatia, Croatia
  3. ^ Alma Čardžić Bio – Official Site (in Bosnian and Turkish)
  4. ^ Extra Nena Bio – Official Site (in Serbian and English)
  5. ^ "Eurovision Trivia: Did you know..." BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  6. ^ Klier, Marcus (28 September 2007). "Interview with Extra Nena". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  7. ^ Deniz, Jose Miguel Galvan (14 March 2005). "Eurovision shows political side". BBC News. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  8. ^ a b Vuletic, Dean (2019). Recognising Kosovo in the World of Televised International Song Contests. Eurovisions: Identity and the International Politics of the Eurovision Song Contest since 1956. Springer Nature. p. 116. ISBN 978-9811394270.
  9. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  10. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  11. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
  12. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2020). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Four: The 1990s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-163-9.
  13. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 352–365. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.

External links[edit]