Yugoslavian parliamentary election, 1974

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Parliamentary elections were held in Yugoslavia between 16 March and 10 May 1974 through a complicated delegate system which selected delegates to local, republic, and federal assemblies.[1]

Background[edit]

The elections were the first held under the new constitution adopted on 31 January 1974. It provided for a bicameral Parliament with a 220-member Federal Chamber and an 88-member Chamber of Republics and Provinces.[1]

Electoral system[edit]

The members of the Federal Chamber represented three groups; self-managing organisations, communities and socio-political organisations. Thirty members were elected from each of the six republics and 20 from the two autonomous provinces, Kosovo and Vojvodina.[1]

In late March, voters elected representatives of basic labour organisations. These in turn elected the Communal Assemblies in early April. The Communal Assemblies then elected the members of the Federal Chamber between 22 and 29 April.[1]

The members of the Chamber of Republics were elected by the Assemblies of the six republics and provinces, with each republic electing 12 members and Kosovo and Vojvodina electing eight each. Members were elected in a period ending on 10 May.[1]

Communal assemblies, April[edit]

Communal assemblies were elected by local delegates elected by self-managing organisations, communities and socio-political organisations in early April. They subsequently each elected a President of the Assembly equivalent to a mayor. There were a total of 501 such tricameral communal assemblies in the country. For some of the larger cities:

City President of the Assembly Party
Belgrade Živorad Kovačević SKJ
Ljubljana Tone Kovič SKJ
Niš Vladimir Petrović SKJ
Novi Sad Jovan Dejanović SKJ
Podgorica Miro Popović SKJ
Rijeka Nikola Pavletić SKJ
Sarajevo Dane Maljković SKJ
Skopje Metodi Antonov SKJ
Split Vjekoslav Vidjak SKJ
Subotica József Dékány SKJ
Zagreb Ivo Vrhovec SKJ

Republic and provincial assemblies convened, April[edit]

In April and May inaugural sessions of all three chambers of the republics' and provinces' assemblies convened for the first time and elected the presidents of all their bodies.

Republic President of the
Assembly
Party
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Hamdija Pozderac SKJ
SR Croatia Ivo Perišin SKJ
SR Macedonia Blagoja Taleski SKJ
SR Montenegro Budislav Šoškić SKJ
SR Serbia Živan Vasiljević SKJ
SR Slovenia Marijan Brecelj SKJ
SAP Vojvodina Sreten Kovačević SKJ

Republic Presidencies and Executive Councils, April[edit]

Republic President of the
Presidency
Took office Party President of Executive Council Took office Party
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Ratomir Dugonjić May 1974 SKJ Milanko Renovica April 1974 SKJ
SR Croatia Jakov Blažević 8 May 1974 SKJ Jakov Sirotković 8 May 1974 SKJ
SR Macedonia Vidoe Smilevski 6 May 1974 SKJ Blagoj Popov April 1974 SKJ
SR Montenegro Veljko Milatović 5 April 1974 SKJ Marko Orlandić 6 May 1974 SKJ
SR Serbia Dragoslav Marković 6 May 1974 SKJ Dušan Čkrebić 6 May 1974 SKJ
SR Slovenia Sergej Kraigher May 1974 SKJ Andrej Marinc May 1974 SKJ

Council of Republics and Provinces elected by 10 May[edit]

By 10 May the assemblies of the republics and provinces elected members from each of their three constituent councils (Associated Labour, Socio-Political, and Municipal) to serve dual mandates within their republic or province and within the Federal Council of Republics and Provinces.[1] Each republic sent 12 members to the council, while the two provinces sent 8 each.

Republic
or province
Council of Associated
Labour members
Council of Municipalities
members
Socio-Political Council
members
Total
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 3 8 11
SR Croatia 1 2 9 12
SAP Kosovo 3 2 3 8
SR Macedonia 0 3 9 12
SR Montenegro 0 4 8 12
SR Serbia 3 1 8 12
SR Slovenia 3 2 7 12
SAP Vojvodina 0 1 7 8
Total 10 18 59 87

Assembly convened, 15 May[edit]

On 15 May a joint session of both chambers of the Assembly convened for the first time and elected the presidents of all the bodies.

Role Official Took office Party Representing
President of the Assembly Kiro Gligorov 15 May 1974 SKJ SR Macedonia
Vice President of the Assembly Marijan Cvetković 15 May 1974 SKJ SR Croatia
Vice President of the Assembly Peko Dapčević 15 May 1974 SKJ SR Montenegro
Vice President of the Assembly Sinan Hasani 15 May 1974 SKJ SAP Kosovo
Vice President of the Assembly Rudi Kolak 15 May 1974 SKJ SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vice President of the Assembly Branko Pešić 15 May 1974 SKJ SR Serbia
President of the Federal Council Danilo Kekić 15 May 1974 SKJ SAP Vojvodina
President of the Council of Republics and Provinces Zoran Polič 15 May 1974 SKJ SR Slovenia

President and Presidency, 16 May[edit]

On 16 May a joint assembly of both chambers of the Assembly re-elected the head of the League of Communists Josip Broz Tito as President of the Republic. The 1974 constitution had affirmed his right as president-for-life at the discretion of the Assembly.

Role Official Took office Party
President of the Republic Josip Broz Tito 16 May 1974 (14 January 1953) SKJ

The Assembly also confirmed the members of the collective Presidency selected by individual republic and provincial assemblies on 16 May.

Role in Presidency Official Took office Party Representing
Vice President Petar Stambolić 16 May 1974 SKJ SR Serbia
Member Lazar Koliševski 16 May 1974 SKJ SR Macedonia
Member Vidoje Žarković 16 May 1974 SKJ SR Montenegro
Member Stevan Doronjski 16 May 1974 SKJ SAP Vojvodina
Member Fadil Hoxha 16 May 1974 SKJ SAP Kosovo
Member Cvijetin Mijatović 16 May 1974 SKJ SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
Member Edvard Kardelj 16 May 1974 SKJ SR Slovenia
Member Vladimir Bakarić 16 May 1974 SKJ SR Croatia

Federal Executive Council elected, 17 May[edit]

On 17 May a new Federal Executive Council was elected with Džemal Bijedić serving as its President.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Yugoslavia IPU