|Mayor of Donetsk|
|Preceded by||Oleksandr Makhmudov|
|Succeeded by||Volodymyr Rybak|
|4th First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine|
11 June 1993 – 4 July 1994
|Prime Minister||Leonid Kuchma
|Preceded by||Ihor Yukhnovskyi|
|Succeeded by||Viktor Pynzenyk|
|2nd Acting Prime Minister of Ukraine|
22 September 1993 – 16 June 1994
20 February 1933 |
Stalino, Ukrainian SSR
|Political party||Communist Party of the USSR (1950s-1991)
Party of Regions (2007-present)
|Alma mater||Donetsk Industrial Institute (1956)|
Yukhym Leonidovych Zvyahilsky (Ukrainian: Юхим Леонідович Звягільський, Russian: Efim Zvyagilsky) (born 20 February 1933 in Donetsk) is a Ukrainian politician. He is the only member of Verkhovna Rada who was elected to parliament in the last eight elections.
Being the First Vice-Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Kuchma, he served as an acting-Prime Minister from 22 September 1993 after Kuchma was elected the President of Ukraine. Zvyahilsky was the longest serving Prime Minister office (as acting) without being officially appointed to it. Zvyahilsky kept the appointement until Vitaly Masol was confirmed as the Prime Minister of Ukraine in June 1994.
Zvyahilsky was born in the family of a serviceman on 20 February 1933. In 1956 he graduated from the Donetsk Industrial Institute as a mining engineer. After graduating Zvyahilsky worked at the mine #13 of the Soviet trust company "Kuibyshevugol" (Kuibyshev Coal) as a chief assistant, later as a chief of a coal precinct, chief engineer, director. In 1972 he wrote a thesis "Observation of regional technological schemes of mining fields in the development of thin inclined layers (in reference to the Donetsk-Makiivka region of Donetsk basin)" (Moscow Mining Institute) earning him academical title of a candidate of sciences. Later Zvyahilsky defended his doctorate on the subject "Geomechanical foundations of landslides of the earth surface above mines, which can be eliminated" (Institute of geotechnical mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). Coincidentally, in early 1990s Ukraine suffered from the miners' strikes that led to the early presidential elections in 1994.
From 1970 to 1979 Zvyahilsky worked at the Kuibyshev Mine Corporation of the Industrial Union "Donetskugol" (Donetsk Coal). In 1975 he was appointed a director of the company. From 1979 through 1992 Zvyahilsky was a director of Zasyadko coal mine of the Industrial Union "Donetskugol". The mine, which is known for its chronic accidents, became particularly famous in 2007 for the most deadly disaster in the mining history of Ukraine.
In March 1990 as the member of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, Zvyahilsky was elected to the Parliament of Ukraine from the 112th electoral district. In November 1992 he was appointed the chairman of the city council and executive committee. In June 1993 Zvyahilsky was appointed to the Kuchma's Cabinet as the First Vice-Prime Minister. In March 1994 now as an independent Zvyahilsky was elected to the parliament from the 110th electoral district. In 1994 Zviahilskyi, being perceived affiliated with Leonid Kravchuk, was accused of having stolen some $20 million by Ukrainian President Kuchma during his term as acting Prime Minister and he fled to Israel in fear for his life. After some time Zviahilskyi returned to Ukraine in March 1997 and as a current member of Verkhovna Rada missed most of the sessions of the parliament.
In 1998 Zvyahilsky once again as an independent was elected now from the 43rd electoral district. In 2002 he was already elected to the parliament as a member of the Party of Regions. Zvyahilsky is currently a member of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament), representing the ruling Party of Regions, and owner of the Zasyadko coal mine in Donetsk. Being a member of Parliament, he has immunity from prosecution. In the 2012 parliamentary elections elected for Party of Regions in single-mandate majoritarian election district number 45 with 72.59% of the votes.
In the 2014 parliamentary election Zvyahilsky was re-elected into parliament again as an independent candidate in single-member districts number 45 situated in the Kiev Raion of Donetsk; this time with 72.73% of the votes. In his constituency only a handful of polling stations were open due to the War in Donbass; this led to Zvyahilsky winning a seat with only 1,450 votes. In parliament he joined the faction of Opposition Bloc.
Awards and legacy
- Medal "In the commemoration of the 100th anniversary since the birth day of Vladimir Illich Lenin" (1970)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1971)
- Distinguished Miner of Ukraine (1979)
- Order of October Revolution (1981)
- Hero of the Socialist Labor (1986)
- Honorary citizen of Donetsk (1998)
- State Prize of Ukraine in field of science and technology (2002)
- Hero of Ukraine (2003)
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (2009)
- street is named after him in Kiev raion in Donetsk city
- Big Business and Economic Development: Conglomerates and Economic Groups in Developing Countries and Transition Economies under Globalisation by Alex E. Fernández Jilberto and Barbara Hogenboom, Routledge, 2007, ISBN 978-0-415-41268-1 (page 328)
- The clan from Donetsk PART I, The Ukrainian Weekly (12 January 2003)
- Одномандатний виборчий округ № 45 (Донецька область)
- (Ukrainian) Candidates and winners for the seat of the constituency 45 in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Archived 10 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine., RBK Ukraine
- Starting a New Life, Voting as Before, The Ukrainian Week (11 November 2014)
- Poroshenko Declares Victory in Ukraine Presidential Election, The Wall Street Journal (25 May 2014)
Russia will recognise outcome of Ukraine poll, says Vladimir Putin, The Guardian (23 May 2014)
- (Ukrainian) National deputies of Ukraine: Yukhym Zvyahilsky, Verkhovna Rada
- CLAN of Yanukovich: ZVYAHILSKY (Russian)
|First Vice-Prime Minister of Ukraine