Yukio Edano

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Yukio Edano
枝野 幸男
Yukio Edano in SL Square on 2017 - 4 (cropped).jpg
Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
23 October 2017
Monarch Akihito
Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
Preceded by Seiji Maehara
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
In office
12 September 2011 – 26 December 2012
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda
Preceded by Yoshio Hachiro
Succeeded by Toshimitsu Motegi
Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
4 January 2011 – 2 September 2011
Prime Minister Naoto Kan
Preceded by Yoshito Sengoku
Succeeded by Osamu Fujimura
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
In office
14 January 2011 – 2 September 2011
Prime Minister Naoto Kan
Preceded by Sumio Mabuchi
Succeeded by Tatsuo Kawabata
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Acting
In office
7 March 2011 – 9 March 2011
Prime Minister Naoto Kan
Preceded by Seiji Maehara
Succeeded by Takeaki Matsumoto
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
In office
10 February 2010 – 8 June 2010
Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama
Preceded by Yoshito Sengoku
Succeeded by Renhō
Member of the House of Representatives
Assumed office
19 July 1993
Constituency
Leader of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan
Assumed office
2 October 2017
Preceded by Position established
Personal details
Born (1964-05-31) 31 May 1964 (age 54)
Utsunomiya, Japan
Political party Constitutional Democratic
Other political
affiliations
New Party (1992–1994)
New Frontier Party (1994–1998)
Democratic Party of Japan (1998–2016, merger)
Democratic Party (2016–2017, split)
Children 2
Alma mater Tohoku University
Website www.edano.gr.jp

Yukio Edano (枝野 幸男, Edano Yukio, born 31 May 1964) is a Japanese politician and a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet. He served as Chief Cabinet Secretary and Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry in the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) cabinet between 2010 and 2012.[1] He has served as the head of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan[2] since its formation in October 2017.

Early life[edit]

Edano was born in Utsunomiya on 31 May 1964. He is named after Japanese liberal political figure Yukio Ozaki, who Edano's father admired. Edano graduated from Tohoku University with a degree in law, and passed the Japanese bar examination at the age of 24.[3]

Political career[edit]

In the 1993 general election, at the age of 29, Edano joined Morihiro Hosokawa's Japan New Party and won a seat in the Saitama 5th district.[3] He participated in the formation of the Democratic Party of Japan in 1996.

As a legislator, Edano played a role in the government response to the HIV-tainted blood scandal of 1995 and the financial industry reorganization of 1998.[3]

Edano was appointed as the secretary general of the DPJ in March 2010 when it was the country's ruling party. Katsuya Okada, the former Foreign Minister, subsequently replaced him in September 2010.

Chief Cabinet Secretary[edit]

with James Steinberg 27 January 2011

In January 2011, Edano became Chief Cabinet Secretary.[4] In March 2011, he was temporarily appointed head of the Foreign Ministry.[5]

In the wake of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in northeastern Japan, he was the face of the government efforts to combat the aftermath, frequently appearing on television to talk about the problems at the two reactor facilities in Fukushima. Because of the frequency of his appearances, Twitter users concerned with his health were prompted to post messages asking him to get some sleep. The Twitter hashtag "#edano_nero" became popular, from the imperative word for sleep! (寝ろ, nero) in Japanese.[6][7]

Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry[edit]

As economy minister, Edano approved the introduction of feed-in tariffs on 18 June 2012, whereby a percentage of energy use fees are used to subsidize (a shift to) renewable energy.[8]

Post-cabinet[edit]

15 July 2013

Edano left the Cabinet following the DPJ's defeat in the December 2012 general election, but retained his seat representing the Saitama 5th district.

Edano was named secretary general of the DPJ in September 2014. He retained this position in the Democratic Party following the merger of the DPJ with the Japan Innovation Party in March 2016.[9]

DP leader Renho resigned in July 2017 after the party suffered a poor result in the 2017 Tokyo assembly election. Edano ran in the subsequent leadership election, facing an opponent from the conservative wing of the party in Seiji Maehara. With the liberal wing of the party losing clout due to the influx of conservative Japan Innovation Party members after the merger, Edano only managed to garner 40% of the points up for grabs in the election.[10] In an attempt to unify the party, the freshly-elected leader Maehara appointed Edano as the deputy president.[11]

Constitutional Democratic Party[edit]

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made a surprise announcement for a snap election on 25 September 2017, only three weeks after the DP leadership election. With the party unprepared and in disarray, Maehara was scrambling to find a way to shore up support for the party. At the same day as Abe's election announcement, Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike launched a new conservative party called Kibō no Tō (Party of Hope). Seeing Koike's high popularity at that time as a potential asset, Maehara coordinated with Koike on DP candidates' nominations for the election. Koike agreed to endorse DP candidates and Maehara effectively disbanded the party in order to allow the candidates run under the Kibō banner. However, despite Maehara's request, Koike imposed an ideological filter that effectively barred liberal-leaning members of the DP, such as Edano, from joining Kibō. Edano then decided to form a separate party to house liberal DP members rejected by Koike.[12]

On 2 October 2017, Edano launched the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan as a split from the Democratic Party, becoming the party's leader.[13] Despite being formed only less than three weeks before the election, the CDP ran a very efficient campaign with a principled platform and used social media in a level unprecedented in Japanese politics.[14][15] Edano led the party to become the second largest party in the Diet in the general election. He currently serves as Leader of the Opposition.

Family[edit]

Edano is married and has twin sons.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reuters, "Japan picks Edano as trade min after predecessor gaffe", 11 September 2011
  2. ^ "Edano's new liberal party to field more than 50 candidates in Lower House election". October 4, 2017 – via Japan Times Online. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Yukio Edano Profile". Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "Kan revamps cabinet to boost his popularity". Japan Today. Kyodo News. January 14, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Edano named as temporary minister: Kan". The Japan Times. March 8, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Tireless Edano Earns Twitter Respect". The Wall Street Journal. March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Japan earthquake: Yukio Edano, the 'Jack Bauer' of the crisis". The Telegraph. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  8. ^ Gerhardt, Tina (22 July 2012). "Japan's People Say NO to Nuclear Energy". Alternet. 
  9. ^ "Okada to appoint Edano as secretary-general of new Democratic Party". The Mainichi. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Long-suffering Democratic Party elects Maehara". Asahi Shimbun. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Ex-prosecutor to be tapped for Democratic Party's No. 2 slot". Asahi Shimbun. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  12. ^ "Edano plans to form new party as liberal force in election". Asahi Shimbun. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017. 
  13. ^ "2017 Lower House Election / Edano announces launch of new party of liberals". Yomiuri Shimbun. 
  14. ^ Martin, Alex; Kikuchi, Daisuke (22 October 2017). "Top opposition forces see contrasting fates after poll". Japan Times. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  15. ^ Penn, Michael (3 November 2017). "The Reversal of Fortune". Shingetsu News Agency. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Yukio Edano at Wikimedia Commons

House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Hiroshi Sawada
Nobuhiko Fukunaga
Kazuhito Wada
Representative for Saitama 5th district (multi-member)
1993–1996
Served alongside: Kiyoshi Ueda, Kaneshige Wakamatsu, Nobuhiko Fukunaga
Constituency abolished
New constituency Representative for the Kita-Kantō PR block
1996–2000
Preceded by
Nobuhiko Fukunaga
Representative for Saitama 5th district
2000–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Banri Kaieda
Chairperson of the Policy Affairs Research Council of the Democratic Party
2002–2004
Succeeded by
Yoshito Sengoku
Preceded by
Ichirō Ozawa
Secretary General of the Democratic Party of Japan
2010
Succeeded by
Katsuya Okada
New title Secretary General of the Democratic Party
2016–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Yoshito Sengoku
Minister of State for Government Revitalisation
2010
Succeeded by
Renhō Murata
Chief Cabinet Secretary
2011–present
Succeeded by
Osamu Fujimura
Preceded by
Sumio Mabuchi
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
2011–present
Succeeded by
Tatsuo Kawabata
Preceded by
Seiji Maehara
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Acting

2011
Succeeded by
Takeaki Matsumoto
Preceded by
Yoshio Hachiro
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
2011–2012
Succeeded by
Toshimitsu Motegi