Magnolia denudata

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Yulan magnolia
Yulan 1.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus: M. subg. Yulania
Section: M. sect. Yulania subsect. Yulania
Species: M. denudata
Binomial name
Magnolia denudata
Desr.
Synonyms[1]
  • Gwillimia yulan (Desf.) Kostel.
  • Lassonia heptapeta Buc'hoz
  • Magnolia alexandrina Steud.
  • Magnolia citriodora Steud.
  • Magnolia conspicua Salisb.
  • Magnolia cyathiformis Rinz ex K.Koch
  • Magnolia heptapeta (Buc'hoz) Dandy
  • Magnolia precia Corrêa ex Vent. nom. inval.
  • Magnolia spectabilis G.Nicholson nom. inval.
  • Magnolia superba G.Nicholson nom. inval.
  • Magnolia triumphans G.Nicholson nom. inval.
  • Magnolia yulan Desf.
  • Michelia yulan (Desf.) Kostel.
  • Yulania conspicua (Salisb.) Spach
  • Yulania cuneatifolia T.B.Chao, Zhi X.Chen & D.L.Fu
  • Yulania denudata (Desr.) D.L.Fu
  • Yulania pyriformis (T.D.Yang & T.C.Cui) D.L.Fu

Magnolia denudata, known as the lilytree[2] or Yulan magnolia (simplified Chinese: 玉兰花; traditional Chinese: 玉蘭花; pinyin: yùlánhuā; literally: "jade orchid/lily"), is native to central and eastern China.[3] It has been cultivated in Chinese Buddhist temple gardens since 600 AD. Its flowers were regarded as a symbol of purity in the Tang Dynasty and it was planted in the grounds of the Emperor's palace. It is the official city flower of Shanghai.

Description[edit]

Magnolia denudata is a rather low, rounded, thickly branched, and coarse-textured tree to 30 feet (9.1 m) tall. The leaves are ovate, bright green, 15 cm long and 8 cm wide. The bark is a coarse, dark gray. The 10–16 cm white flowers that emerge from early to late spring, while beautiful and thick with a citrus-lemon fragrance, are prone to browning if subjected to frost.

View of mature Magnolia denudata
- Botanical Park, Opatija, Croatia
 
Leaves and fruit 
Bark 

Cultivation[edit]

This plant is used as an ornamental tree in gardens. It is similar to other magnolias in that it likes rich, moist soil and should be planted in a location where it is protected from elemental extremes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 29 May 2016 
  2. ^ "Magnolia denudata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Nianhe Xia, Yuhu Liu & Hans P. Nooteboom. "Yulania denudata". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Russell, Tony & Catherine Cutler (Hermes House 2004) Trees, an Illustrated Identifier and Encyclopedia Aness Publishing.

External links[edit]