Yuliya Veysberg

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Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg (Yuliya Rimskaya-Korsakova) (Julia Weissberg) (b. 6 January 1880 [O.S. 25 December 1879], d. March 1, 1942) was a Russian music critic and composer.

Life and career[edit]

Yuliya Veysberg was born in Orenburg, Russia. She studied at the Women's University, and in 1912 graduated from St. Petersburg Conservatory where she studied composition under Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. From 1912 to 1914 she continued her studies in Berlin with Engelbert Humperdinck and Max Reger.

She married Andrey Rimsky-Korsakov, musicologist and son of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, and from 1915 to 1917 served on the editorial board of the first Russian music magazine, Muzïkal'nïy sovremennik, which he founded.[1][2] She died in World War II during the Siege of Leningrad conducted by Nazi German troops.[3]

Works[edit]

Veysberg's compositions included vocal works, a symphony, a scherzo, and a fantasia. Selected works include:

  • At Night (symphonic poem for orchestra)
  • Chinese songs[4]
  • Chanson d'automne: Les sanglots longs, op. 2 (Zwei Lieder) no. 1 (Text: Paul Verlaine)
  • Le ciel est, par-dessus le toit, op. 2 (Zwei Lieder) no. 1 (Text: Paul Verlaine)

She also produced several operas, such as:[5]

  • Русалочка (The Little Mermaid, 1923). The libretto for the opera was written by Sophia Parnok and was based on the fairy tale of the same name by Hans Christian Andersen.[5]
  • 'Гюльнара (Gyul'nara, 1935). The libretto for the opera was written by Sophia Parnok and was completed at the end of 1931. It was dedicated to the opera singer, Maria Maksakova.[6] As Parnok died before production, Veysberg made final edits to the lyric before its debut in 1935.[5]
  • Гуси-лебеди (Geese-Swans, 1937). The libretto for the children's opera was written by Samuil Marshak and Veysberg.[5]
  • Мертвая царевна (The Dead Princess, 1937). The libretto for the radio opera was written by Alexander Pushkin.[5]
  • Зайкин дом (A Little Rabbit's House, 1937). The libretto for the children's opera was written by W. Weltmann.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taruskin, Richard (1996). Stravinsky and the Russian traditions:a biography of the works ..., Volume 1 (Digitized online by GoogleBooks). ISBN 0-520-07099-2. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Sadie, Julie Anne; Samuel, Rhian (1994). The Norton/Grove dictionary of women composers (Digitized online by GoogleBooks). Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Weissberg (Veysberg), Julia Lazarevna, Encyclopaedia Judaica, retrieved 29 May 2014 
  4. ^ Campbell, Stuart (2003). Russians on Russian music, 1880-1917: an anthology (Digitized online by GoogleBooks). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-59097-3. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f McVicker, Mary F. (2016). Women Opera Composers: Biographies from the 1500s to the 21st Century. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-7864-9513-9. 
  6. ^ Burgin, Diana Lewis (1994). Sophia Parnok: The Life and Work of Russia's Sappho. The Cutting Edge: Lesbian Life and Literature. New York, New York: New York University Press. p. 268. ISBN 0-8147-1190-1 – via Project MUSE. (Subscription required (help)).