Yun Bing

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Yun Bing
Native name
惲冰
Born
Notable work
Hairpin Scroll (簪花图轴) (1735–1796),
Quiet Provisions of the Studio (书房清供图) (1735–1796)
StyleBird-and-flower painting, "Boneless" technique
Spouse(s)Mao Hongtiao (毛鸿调)
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese惲冰
Simplified Chinese恽冰
Qingyu
Chinese

Yun Bing (Chinese: 惲冰, dates unknown), courtesy names Qingyu (Chinese: 清於) and Haoru (Chinese: 浩如), was a Chinese painter during the Qianlong era. She is well known for her bird-and-flower paintings executing the "boneless" technique, and became the most famed of the Yun family's female artists.[1]

Biography[edit]

Yun was born to an artistic family in Wujin District of Changzhou, the granddaughter of the famed painter Yun Shouping. Her niece Yun Zhu was also a talented artists. Though her birth and death dates are unknown, one of her paintings in the Shanghai Museum is dated to 1750.[2] She married Mao Hongtiao, also from Wujin, and the two sold paintings and wrote poetry to support their family. One of Yun's granddaughters, named Zhou (Chinese: ), was recorded in the Yun family genealogy book, which has been used to suggest that her artistic skills were worthy of the Yun clan.[1]

Art[edit]

Yun's painting style was heavily influenced by her family's preference for the "boneless" technique. She predominantly painted bird-and-flower paintings, but also painted people, one of which depicts a woman doing her hair known as the Hairpin Scroll (簪花图轴).[2] Yun is often compared with her contemporary Ma Quan, who similarly specialised in bird-and-flower painting but favoured strong outlines. The Chuyue jiexu wenjian lu (初月接续闻见录), compiled in 1818, describes how people throughout the Jiangnan region described them as the "two without parallel" (Chinese: 两绝)[3]

During his tenure as governor-general of Liangjiang, Yi Jishan presented some of Yun's works to Empress Dowager Chongqing who in turn showed them to the Qianlong Emperor. The emperor was reportedly so impressed that he wrote a poem praising her art, after which Yun's reputation as a painter spread.[2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lu Haiyang 路海洋 (2013), "毗陵望族恽氏家族文化成就考述" [Discussion of the achievements of the influential family near the mound, the Yun clan], Changzhou gong xueyuan xuebao (shekeban) (in Chinese), 31 (1): 1–7
  2. ^ a b c Wen Xianglei 文祥磊 (2017), "闺阁丹青没骨情——常州画派女画家及其绘画艺术述论" [Boneless emotion in paintings from the lady's chambers: an overview of female artists in Changzhou's art scene and their artistic techniques], Yishupin 艺术品 (in Chinese) (3): 40–53
  3. ^ Gui Qiang 桂强, ed. (28 November 2017). "浙博明清女性画家展:看古代闺阁付诸笔端的闲情与才思" [Zhejiang museum's exhibition of Ming and Qing female artists: the leisure and creativity from the end of a brush in ancient ladies' chambers]. Sina. Retrieved 28 July 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Smith Weidner, Martha (1988). Views from Jade Terrace: Chinese women artists, 1300-1912. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art. ISBN 9780847810031.