Yun Seondo

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Korean name
Hangul
윤선도
Hanja
尹善道
Revised RomanizationYun Seon-do
McCune–ReischauerYun Sŏn-do
Pen name
Hangul
고산, 해옹
Hanja
孤山, 海翁
Revised RomanizationGosan, Haeong
McCune–ReischauerKosan, Haeong
Courtesy name
Hangul
약이
Hanja
約而
Revised RomanizationYagi
McCune–ReischauerYagi

Yun Seondo (1587–1671), also spelled as Yoon Sun-Do, was a noted Korean Neo-Confucian scholar, writer, poet, politician of the Joseon Dynasty. He was also known by his pen names Gosan and Haeong.

Life[edit]

He was born in Seoul, in what is now South Korea. He achieved early success as a government official, but his straightforward character made enemies at court and he was banished for imprudent criticism of those in power. Thirteen years later he returned to become tutor to the royal princes but was later banished again. He spent most of his 85 years in his rustic country home, contemplating the nature of life, teaching and writing poetry.

Yun is considered the greatest master of the sijo form in Korean literature.[1] His most famous composition is The Fisherman's Calendar a cycle of forty seasonal sijo. In both Chinese and Korean classical poetry, the fisherman symbolized a wise man who lives simply and naturally. In art, the fisherman appeared almost invariably in one of the most common genres of Asian water colors: sets of four paintings, one for each season of the year.

Yun Seondo wove both traditions into The Fisherman's Calendar. It is the longest and most ambitious sijo cycle attempted during the classical period of his life.

Works[edit]

  • Gosan seonsaeng yugo(고산선생유고, 孤山先生遺稿)
  • Byeoljip(별집, 別集)
  • Yakhwaje(약화제, 藥和劑)
  • Cheobangjeonseonchangyak(처방전선창약, 癬瘡藥)
  • Hoechungyak(회충약, 蛔蟲藥)
  • Haesuyak(해수약, 咳嗽藥)
  • Bokhaksinbang(복학신방, 腹학神方)
  • Uyeoksinbang(우역신방, 牛疫神方)
  • Oseonjubang(오선주방, 五仙酒方)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nahm, Andrew C (1996). Korea: Tradition and Transformation — A History of the Korean People (second ed.). Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym International. p. 121. ISBN 1-56591-070-2.

External links[edit]