Yuncheng

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For other uses, see Yuncheng (disambiguation).
Yuncheng
运城市
Prefecture-level city
Xiezhou Guandi Temple
Xiezhou Guandi Temple
Yuncheng (red) in Shanxi (orange)
Yuncheng (red) in Shanxi (orange)
Yuncheng is located in Shanxi
Yuncheng
Yuncheng
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates: 35°01′00″N 110°59′00″E / 35.01667°N 110.98333°E / 35.01667; 110.98333Coordinates: 35°01′00″N 110°59′00″E / 35.01667°N 110.98333°E / 35.01667; 110.98333
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shanxi
County-level divisions 13
Municipal seat Yanhu District
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • Communist Party Secretary Wang Yuyan
 • Mayor Wang Qingxian (王清宪)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 14,183 km2 (5,476 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
Elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 5,134,779
 • Density 360/km2 (940/sq mi)
 • Urban 680,036
 • Urban density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Metro 680,036
 • Metro density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 044000
Area code(s) 0359
License Plate M
Administrative division code 140800
ISO 3166-2 CN-14-08

Yùnchéng (simplified Chinese: 运城; traditional Chinese: 運城) is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It borders Linfen and Jincheng municipalities to the north and east, and Henan and Shaanxi provinces to the south and west. At the 2010 census, its population was 5,134,779 inhabitants whom 680,036 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Yanhu District.[2]

History[edit]

In early China,[when?] it was the location of the state of Kunwu (昆吾).

Administration[edit]

The Municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Yanhu District (盐湖区), together with the CPC and Public Security Bureau.

Map
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Yanhu District 盐湖区 Yánhú Qū 620,000 1,237 501
2 Yongji City 永济市 Yǒngjì Shì 430,000 1,221 352
3 Hejin City 河津市 Héjīn Shì 360,000 593 607
4 Ruicheng County 芮城县 Ruìchéng Xiàn 380,000 1,161 327
5 Linyi County 临猗县 Línyī Xiàn 530,000 1,350 393
6 Wanrong County 万荣县 Wànróng Xiàn 420,000 1,037 405
7 Xinjiang County 新绛县 Xīnjiàng Xiàn 320,000 600 533
8 Jishan County 稷山县 Jìshān Xiàn 330,000 680 485
9 Wenxi County 闻喜县 Wénxǐ Xiàn 380,000 1,160 328
10 Xia County 夏县 Xià Xiàn 350,000 1,328 264
11 Jiang County 绛县 Jiàng Xiàn 270,000 968 279
12 Pinglu County 平陆县 Pínglù Xiàn 250,000 1,151 217
13 Yuanqu County 垣曲县 Yuánqǔ Xiàn 220,000 1,620 136

Geography[edit]

Yuncheng has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with four distinct seasons.[3] Due to its southerly location and position to the north of the Zhongtiao Mountains, allowing for downsloping when winds are from the south, it is among the warmest locales in the province. Winters are cold and very dry, while summers are hot and humid. Monthly mean temperatures range from −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) in January to 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 14.05 °C (57.3 °F). Over 60% of the annual rainfall occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45% in March to 54% in May and July, the city receives 2,219 hours of bright sunshine annually, low by Shanxi standards and north China.

Climate data for Yuncheng (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
8.5
(47.3)
14.3
(57.7)
21.8
(71.2)
27.4
(81.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.6
(90.7)
31.4
(88.5)
26.3
(79.3)
20.2
(68.4)
12.4
(54.3)
6.3
(43.3)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.0
(37.4)
9.3
(48.7)
14.4
(57.9)
19.8
(67.6)
22.7
(72.9)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
8.9
(48.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.0
(0.197)
6.6
(0.26)
20.1
(0.791)
38.1
(1.5)
46.6
(1.835)
65.1
(2.563)
110.0
(4.331)
82.2
(3.236)
79.2
(3.118)
51.7
(2.035)
20.2
(0.795)
4.6
(0.181)
529.4
(20.842)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 3.0 4.8 6.4 7.6 8.0 9.7 8.7 9.0 7.6 4.7 2.4 74.7
Average relative humidity (%) 57 54 57 57 57 56 67 68 69 67 66 61 61.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.0 147.1 166.0 199.6 232.9 226.6 227.7 223.8 177.0 166.7 151.5 150.7 2,218.6
Percent possible sunshine 48 48 45 51 54 52 52 54 48 48 49 50 49.9
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transportation[edit]

Notes and references[edit]