Yuncken Freeman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Yuncken Freeman
Practice information
Firm type
Key architects
Founders
  • Otto Abrecht Yuncken
  • John Freeman
  • Tom Freeman
  • William Balcombe Griffiths
  • Roy Simpson (1945)
Founded1933 (1933)
Dissolvedcirca late 1980s (1980s)
LocationMelbourne (head office)
Significant works and honors
Buildings
DesignLa Trobe University masterplan
AwardsSimpson: RAIA Gold Medal (1997)

Yuncken Freeman, officially Yuncken Freeman Architects Pty Ltd, was an Australian architecture firm. Founded in Melbourne, Victoria in 1933, Yuncken Freeman grew steadily, particularly in the post-war economic boom to be a sizeable firm in Australia, with branch offices in Hong Kong as well as other parts of south-east Asia, until its dissolution during the late 1980s.[1]

The firm gained early fame with the striking Sidney Myer Music Bowl, and then for major works in the 1960s and 70s such as starkly Modernist office towers in Melbourne by Barry Patten including BHP House and the State Government Offices, and projects by Roy Simpson, such as the classically influenced ACT Law Courts, Fairlie apartments in South Yarra, and the low-slung Cardinal Knox Centre.

In 1997 Roy Simpson was awarded the Royal Australian Institute of Architects Gold Medal for his significant contribution to architecture.[2]

History[edit]

Yuncken Freeman began in 1933 when Otto (Rob) Yuncken and John Freeman together with Freeman's brother, Tom, and William Balcombe Griffiths, all left their positions at A & K Henderson to establish Yuncken, Freeman Brothers and Griffiths. The firm took on hospital work, and designed a series of houses for a wealthy clientele, usually in a refined Georgian mode, but also some more modernist in style.[3]

In 1938 Roy Simpson started work with the firm,[3] and in 1940 completed his studies at the School of Design in University of Melbourne,[2] and was awarded the Robert Haddon travelling scholarship.

The operations of the firm were disrupted by World War II, with Rob Yuncken and Roy Simpson enlisted into service, providing planning and design services to the U.S. Army Engineers Corps. After the war, Yuncken and Simpson returned to Melbourne only to find the members of the original group scattered. They reunited the practice, and Simpson was made a partner to create Yuncken, Freeman Brothers, Griffiths and Simpson.[2] In 1947, Yuncken Freeman was appointed by the Victorian Government to initiate an emergency housing project to provide accommodation for workers on various state projects,[4] possibly due to the experience Simpson and Yuncken gained with the U.S. Army. The result was timber houses, delivered pre-cut and partially assembled, largely produced in England, and shipped to Australia, beginning in 1949. Fifty years later, many of these homes remained occupied.[2]

Barry Patten and John Gates were admitted to the partnership in 1953 following the death of Rob Yuncken in 1951, by which time the firm was simply known as Yuncken Freeman, a name that was made official in 1963. By then Balcombe Griffiths and Roy Simpson were the sole survivors of the five original partners, and had been joined by John Yuncken, Rob's son, Robert Peck, Jamie Learmonth and others. Patten introduced the firm's international modernist architecture style, with work by the 1970s heavily influenced by work of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, such as their own King Street offices, and especially BHP House, their largest project and Melbourne's tallest building. After this success, the recession of the mid-1970s hit Yuncken Freeman hard, sacking 15 architects, and the 8 directors took a 20% pay cut. Patten told The Age: "The situation is very bad - there just isn't any work available. We have employed people for years and we are now finding it very difficult to keep them occupied. It is very worrying."[citation needed] In 1980, Balcombe Griffiths, Roy Simpson and John gates retired, and the firm was formally wound up in the late 1980s.[3]

Major architectural works[edit]

Completed Project name Location Award Notes
1958 Sidney Myer Music Bowl Kings Domain, Melbourne [5][6]
1961 Civic Square, Canberra London Circuit, Canberra
1961 Fairlie Apartments Anderson Street, South Yarra
1963 ACT Law Courts London Circuit, Canberra [7]
1965 Royal Insurance Group Building (AON Centre) 430 - 444 Collins Street, Melbourne Victorian Architecture Medal (1967) [8]
1964 La Trobe University Masterplan Bundoora [9]
1965 Canberra Theatre London Circuit, Canberra [10]
1968 Eagle Star Insurance Building 28 Grenfell Street, Adelaide [11]
1969 State Government Offices Treasury Place and MAcarthur Street, East Melbourne RAIA Victorian Bronze Medal for Excellence (1970) [12][13]
1971 Cardinal Knox Centre Albert Street, East Melbourne
1972 BHP House 140 William Street, Melbourne RVIA Victorian Architects Award (1975) [14]
1972 Eagle House 473 - 481 Bourke Street, Melbourne RAIA Award of Merit (1972) [15]
1976 Estates House 114 - 128 William Street, Melbourne

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yuncken Freeman Architects Pty Ltd". University of Melbourne Archives. University of Melbourne. 3 November 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d Simpson, Roy; Simpson, Donne (1 November 1997). "AS Hook Address 1997". Architecture Australia. 86 (6). Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Goad, Philip; Willis, Julie (2012). The Encyclopedia of Australian architecture. Port Melbourne, Vic. : Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521888578.
  4. ^ "Architectural Model - Operation Snail Houses". Museums Victoria Collections. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  5. ^ "Sidney Myer Musical Bowl". Internationally significant public architecture. Australian Institute of Architects. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Sidney Myer Music Bowl, Alexandra Avenue, Melbourne City, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H1772". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Law Courts of the ACT Building" (PDF). Register of Significant Twentieth Century Architecture. Australian Institute of Architects. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  8. ^ Goad, Philip (2003). Judging Architecture: Issues, Divisions, Triumphs, Victorian Architecture Awards 1929-2003. Melbourne: Royal Australian Institute of Architects. ISBN 1863180346.
  9. ^ Sievers, Wolfgang (1965). "La Trobe University [architectural] model, Victoria, architect: Yuncken Freeman" (picture). National Library of Australia. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  10. ^ Warden, Ian (6 June 2013). "Theatre design scaled back". Canberra Times. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  11. ^ "Eagle Insurance Building SA Heritage Nomination Form". SA Heritage Register. 2019.
  12. ^ "State Government Offices" (PDF). Nationally Significant 20th-Century Architecture. Australian Institute of Architects. 22 April 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  13. ^ "State Offices - Group Classification,1 Macarthur Street, East Melbourne". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Former BHP House, 130-148 William Street and 503-523 Bourke Street, Melbourne City, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H1699". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Eagle House, 473 Bourke Street, Melbourne City, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H1807". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 24 August 2016.

External links[edit]