Yungngora Community, Western Australia
|Population||288 (2006 census)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Derby-West Kimberley|
Yungngora is a medium-sized Aboriginal community in the Kimberley region in northern Western Australia, situated approximately 280 km east-south-east of Broome and 100 km south-west of Fitzroy Crossing. At the 2016 census, Yungngora had a population of 378.
The community is located on the Noonkanbah Station on the banks of the Fitzroy River between Camballin and Fitzroy Crossing. Yungngora is the gateway to communities further inland such as Kadjina Community and Yakanarra Community. The main access road is unpaved and so becomes inaccessible during the wet season.
The pastoral lease at Noonkanbah was purchased for the community in 1976. Great controversy surrounded the township when its citizens opposed the exploratory oil drilling at a sacred site on the station by the American oil miner AMAX in 1979.
Yungngora Community has a school, Kulkarriya Community School, which was established in 1978 for students from pre-primary to Year 12 in the Western Australian education system. At present[when?] it employs five teachers, a principal and 17 Aboriginal staff. The primary and secondary school population for the year 2007 was 87.
Yungngora Layout Plan No.2 was prepared in accordance with State Planning Policy 3.2 Aboriginal Settlements and was endorsed by the community and WAPC in 2009. The layout plan map-set and background report can be viewed at Planning Western Australia's web site.
Electricity supply is currently regularised and now managed by Horizon Power, under the state government-funded Aboriginal and Remote Community Power Station Project.
The power station has four 300kW Scania diesel engines and a 200kW solar photovoltaic array (fixed). It uses battery storage to smooth any fluctuations in the solar output. Horizon Power contracted GHD to deliver the solar power integration into the diesel power station and MPower were engaged as the site contractor to deliver the solar installation.
As with many remote Aboriginal communities, residents and businesses will use pre-payment cards to pay for electricity and will be eligible to receive electricity at government-gazetted uniform tariff rates.
There are two bores next to the power station which pump into the ground tank. The bores pump the water from approximately 100 metres from below the ground level, despite the community being situated on the banks of the Fitzroy River. A transfer pump station then pumps the water into the high level tank. The water has been recorded as coming out of the ground at between 50 and 60 degrees C. It is this condition which has prompted the installation of cooling towers. There are occasional interruptions.
There is a sewer system in place in the community which comprises one pump station near the football oval and treatment ponds on the northern outskirts of the community.
Bush walking, some fishing and camping are the dominant pursuits for tourists visiting. Visitors are required to apply for a permit prior to entering the Community.
There is one store in town, owned and operated by the Community. All items are quite expensive compared to major centres but due to transport costs to remote locations. Mechanical repairs may be effected at the mechanical workshop.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Yungngora (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Yungngora (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Association of Independent Schools (AICS Support Unit). "Kulkarriya Community School". Archived from the original on 23 August 2006. Retrieved 26 December 2006.
- ABC Radio National
- Dreaming Online: Timeline - Contact 1970 - 2000
- Central Desert and Kimberley groups reach native title agreements (National Native Title Tribunal, 23 December 2004)