Yunli

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Yunli
Prince Guo of the First Rank
Yinli.jpg
A portrait of Yunli painted by Jiang Tingxi
Prince Guo of the First Rank
Tenure 1723-1738
Successor Hongyan
Born (1697-03-24)24 March 1697
Died 21 March 1739(1739-03-21) (aged 41)
Spouse Lady Niuhuru
Lady Meng
Issue 1 son and 1 daughter
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Yunli (愛新覺羅·允禮)
Aisin-Gioro Yinli (愛新覺羅·胤禮) (birth name)
Posthumous name
Prince Guoyi of the First Rank
(果毅親王)
House Aisin Gioro
Father Kangxi Emperor
Mother Consort Chunyuqin
Yunli
Traditional Chinese 允禮
Simplified Chinese 允礼
Yinli
Traditional Chinese 胤禮
Simplified Chinese 胤礼

Yunli (24 March 1697 – 21 March 1738), born Yinli, formally known as Prince Guo, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.

Life[edit]

Yinli was born in the Aisin Gioro clan as the 17th son of the Kangxi Emperor. His mother was Consort Qin (勤妃), a Han Chinese with the family name Chen.

Yinli excelled in academics since childhood. Unlike most of his brothers, he was never involved in any of the struggles for succession to the throne. He was intelligent and cautious, and had his share of political achievements. He was also good in calligraphy and poetry. He also enjoyed touring the country and had visited almost all the famous mountains in Sichuan.

In 1722, Yinli's fourth brother, Yinzhen, ascended the throne after the death of their father, and became historically known as the Yongzheng Emperor. Yinli changed his name to "Yunli" (允禮) to avoid naming taboo because the Chinese character for "Yin" (胤) in "Yinli" is the same as the one in the Yongzheng Emperor's personal name, Yinzhen (胤禛). In April that year, Yunli was granted the title "Prince Guo of the Second Rank" (多羅果郡王) and placed in charge of administrating the institution of scholars. In 1725, Yunli was awarded a higher allowance for honesty and diligence. In February 1728, he was promoted to "Prince Guo of the First Rank" (果親王). He was later appointed to the Grand Council[1] and given greater responsibilities, such as escorting the Dalai Lama back to Tibet and inspecting military forces stationed along the route. Yunli was known to be a patron and scholar of Tibetan Buddhism.

When the Yongzheng Emperor became seriously ill, Yunli was tasked with supporting the heir to the throne, Hongli. The Yongzheng Emperor died in 1735 and was succeeded by Hongli, who became historically known as the Qianlong Emperor. During the Qianlong Emperor's reign, Yunli was empowered with more authority and given more duties with commensurate recognition.

Yunli died in 1738 at the age of 42. He had two children (a son and a daughter) but both of them died prematurely. His princely title was inherited by Hongyan (弘瞻), the Yongzheng Emperor's sixth son, who was adopted as Yunli's heir.

Family[edit]

Spouses
  • Lady Niuhuru (鈕祜祿氏), Yunli's primary spouse, daughter of Duke Guoyi (果毅公) Aling'a (阿靈阿).
  • Lady Meng (孟氏), Yunli's secondary spouse, daughter of Dase (達色), bore Yunli's son and daughter
Children
  • Son (1732), unnamed, died before reaching six months old
  • Daughter (1734–1735), unnamed

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evelyn S. Rawski, The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions, California: University of California Press, 1998, p. 125