Yunlin County

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Yunlin County
雲林縣
County
Top:Shiluo Bridge and Choushui River, Second left:Chaotian Temple in Peigang, Second right:Shinqi Memorial Museum, Third left:Caolin in Tongluo, Third right:Erlun Memorial Museum, Bottom:Dounan Railroad Station
Top:Shiluo Bridge and Choushui River, Second left:Chaotian Temple in Peigang, Second right:Shinqi Memorial Museum, Third left:Caolin in Tongluo, Third right:Erlun Memorial Museum, Bottom:Dounan Railroad Station
Flag of Yunlin County
Flag
Coat of arms of Yunlin County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Yunlin County.svg
Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
Region Western Taiwan
Seat Douliu City
Largest city Douliu City
Boroughs 1 cities, 19 (5 urban, 14 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Lee Chin-yung (DPP)
Area
 • Total 1,290.84 km2 (498.40 sq mi)
Area rank 13 of 22
Population (Dec. 2014)
 • Total 705,356
 • Rank 12 of 22
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone National Standard Time (UTC+8)
Website www.yunlin.gov.tw
Symbols
Bird Formosan blue magpie (Urocissa caerulea)
Flower Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)
Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Yunlin County
Traditional Chinese 雲林縣

Yunlin County (Chinese: 雲林縣) is a county in western Taiwan. It is located east of the Taiwan Strait, west of Nantou County, and is separated from Changhua County by the Zhuoshui River and from Chiayi County by the Beigang River. Yunlin is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land known for its agriculture. Agricultural products of Yunlin County include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Yunlin's rivers give it potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu is the largest and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, and suffers from emigration.

History[edit]

Dutch Formosa[edit]

During the Dutch Formosa era, Ponkan (modern-day Beigang) was an important coastal castle.[1]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

Yunlin County was established during the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan, which had been divided into three counties since 1683, Yunlin being part of Zhuluo County. Mountains made transportation and communication between bordering counties (Changhua and Chiayi) difficult, so Liu suggested a new county, called Yunlin, for easier management. In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of the new Taiwan Prefecture.[1]

Empire of Japan[edit]

During Japanese rule, Yunlin (as Unrin) County was again abolished due to the resistance from the local people and combined with Tainan Prefecture. However, Toroku Town (斗六街, modern-day Douliu) continued to be an important city of central Taiwan.

Republic of China[edit]

The Yunlin area stayed under Tainan County administration after the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on October 25, 1945. On August 16, 1950, Yunlin County was established again by separation from Tainan County, with Douliu Township as the county seat. On December 25, 1981, Douliu Township was upgraded to a county-controlled city and remain as the county seat. Today Yunlin is the only county on Taiwan island without a city with the same name.

Geography[edit]

Yunlin County is located in the central-south portion of western Taiwan and is at the northern tip of the Chianan Plain. The county is bordered by Nantou County to the east, the Taiwan Strait to the west, Chiayi County to the south separated by the Beigang River, and Changhua County to the north separated by the Zhuoshui River. Its widest distance from east to west is 50 km (31 mi) and from north to south is 38 km (24 mi), with a total area of 1,290.83 km2 (498.39 sq mi).

Geology[edit]

Around 90% of Yunlin County are plains and the other 10% are hills.[2] Generally the county is covered with high green space.[3] In 2015, the county experienced 75% of Taiwan's total land subsidence, over an area of 600 km2 (230 sq mi) due to its groundwater overuse.[4]

Climate[edit]

The weather in the county is tropical, with an annual average temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,028.9 mm.

Administration[edit]

Lee Chin-yung, Magistrate of Yunlin County

Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships. Douliu City is the county seat and home to the Yunlin County Government and the Yunlin County Council. Lee Chin-yung of the Democratic Progressive Party is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin County.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka
City Douliu City 斗六市 Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk
Urban
townships
Beigang 北港鎮 Pak-káng Pet-kóng
Dounan 斗南鎮 Táu-lâm Téu-nàm
Huwei 虎尾鎮 Hó͘-bóe Fú-mî
Tuku 土庫鎮 Thô͘-khò͘ Thú-khù
Xiluo 西螺鎮 Sai-lê Sî-lô
Rural
townships
Baozhong 褒忠鄉 Po-tiong Pô-chûng
Citong 莿桐鄉 Chhì-tông Tshṳ̀-thùng
Dapi 大埤鄉 Tōa-pi Thai-phî
Dongshi 東勢鄉 Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ
Erlun 二崙鄉 Jī-lūn Ngi-lûn
Gukeng 古坑鄉 Kó͘-kheⁿ Kú-hâng
Kouhu 口湖鄉 Kháu-ô͘ Khiéu-fù
Linnei 林內鄉 Nâ-lāi Lìm-nui
Lunbei 崙背鄉 Lūn-pòe Lûn-poi
Mailiao 麥寮鄉 Be̍h-liâu Ma̍k-liàu
Shuilin 水林鄉 Chúi-nâ Súi-lìm
Sihu 四湖鄉 Sì-ô͘ Si-fù
Taixi 臺西鄉 Tâi-se Thòi-sî
Yuanchang 元長鄉 Goân-chiáng Ngièn-tshòng

Colors indicate the common language status of Hakka within each division.

Politics[edit]

Yunlin County voted two Democratic Progressive Party legislators out of two seats to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election.[5]

Demographics and Culture[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1985 791,186—    
1990 753,639−4.7%
1995 753,998+0.0%
2000 743,368−1.4%
2005 728,490−2.0%
2010 717,653−1.5%
2015 699,633−2.5%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census. 

Cultural activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Yunlin County Government, which holds exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts and related activities.[6]

Sports[edit]

The county government promotes many sports. The Douliu Baseball Stadium and Yunlin County Stadium are two of the international-level sports facilities in the county.

The first for-all-people games were held in Yunlin County in 2000. The county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11th out of the 22 counties and cities of Taiwan, with 10 gold, 8 silver and 8 bronze medals.[7]

Economy[edit]

Formosa Plastics Group plant at the Mai-Liao Industrial Complex.

Yunlin County's economy relies mainly on agricultural production, including fresh-water fisheries, although there are also industrial parks. As of 2006, the land use for agriculture, forestry and fishery production accounts about 66.45% of its area.[3] As of July 2015, the county had a total debt of NT$64.8 billion.[8] Monthly, the county government spend NT$600 million for staffs salary and another NT$600 million for retirement funds.[9]

Agriculture[edit]

Farmlands accounts for around 68% of Yunlin County's area. Good weather and fertile lands allows various seasonal crops. Among the agricultural products are coffee, hard clams, horseshoe calms, Taiwan tilapia, shaddock, soy sauce, pickled cabbage, peanuts and sesame oil.[10]

Fishery[edit]

Yunlin County boasts excellent fishing grounds along its coastline. There are several leading fishing ports, at Boziliao, Santiaolun, Taixi, Taizicun, and Jinhu. Several institutions were established in the county to help the development of the county's fishing industries: the Taixi Experimental Fishing Grounds, the Seawater Fish Farming Research Center, the Aquaculture Experimental Station, and the Agriculture Council.

Livestock[edit]

Livestock farming includes pigs, cows, chickens, geese and ducks. The county government has been aggressively helping the dairy farmers to upgrade their feeding techniques, and also set up modern meat-packing facilities.

Tourism[edit]

The county government plans to develop the tourism and recreational industries within the county, such as by establishing a holiday fish market at the Boziliao Fishing Port in the hopes of attracting more visitors.[11]

Education[edit]

The county is home to four universities: the China Medical University Beigang Campus, the National Formosa University, the National Yunlin University of Science and Technology and the TransWorld University. There are 8 public senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32 junior high schools and 156 elementary schools, as well as the National Yunlin Special Education School.

To promote lifelong learning, the Yunlin County Government established a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county residents more opportunities.

Energy[edit]

Power generations[edit]

Yunlin County houses one power plant, the Mailiao Power Plant, in Mailiao Township. Commissioned in July 1999, it has a capacity of 4,200 MW and is the third largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan.

Water supply[edit]

Currently, most of the county residence use groundwater as their water supply. However, in 2016 the Hushan Dam was opened in Douliu City in which its reservoir will soon supply the water needs for the county residence.[12]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Historical buildings[edit]

Historical buildings in the county include the House of Citizen-Memorial Hall of Attendance, Jhen Wen Academy, Erlun Story House and Xiluo Theater.

Tourist towns[edit]

Caoling is the main tourist town in Yunlin County.

Temples[edit]

Temples in the county include the Chaotian Temple, Xiluo Guangfu Temple and Yong'an Temple.

Museums and cultural centers[edit]

Yunlin County is home to several museums and cultural centers, such as the Beigang Cultural Center, Farming and Irrigation Artifacts Museum, Honey Museum, Museum of Beigang Story, Soy Sauce Brewing Museum, Yunlin Hand Puppet Museum, Yunlin Story House and Zhaoan Hakka Cultural Hall.

Festivals[edit]

Festivals, such as the Beigang International Music Festival, are regularly held in the county.

Theme parks[edit]

The Janfusun Fancyworld is a theme park in the county.

Nature[edit]

Yunlin County houses the Erlun Sports Park, Penglai Waterfall and Ten Thousand Year Gorge.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The Taiwan High Speed Rail Yunlin Station serves the county. The Taiwan Railway Administration serves at Linnei, Shiliu, Douliu, Dounan and Shigui.

Roads[edit]

The National Highway No. 1 and No. 3 pass through Yunlin County. Famous bridges in the county are the Xiluo Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Changhua County, and the Beigang Tourist Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Chiayi County.

Air[edit]

Yunlin County does not have any airport. The nearest airport is the Chiayi Airport located in neighboring Chiayi County.

Relative location[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]