|Yuri Fyodorovich Orlov|
Orlov, Summer 2008
|Native name||Юрий Фёдорович Орлов|
13 August 1924 |
|Alma mater||Moscow State University, Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics|
|Known for||participation in Soviet atomic bomb project and human rights movement in the Soviet Union|
|Notable awards||Carter-Menil Human Rights Prize (1986), honorary doctorate Uppsala University (1990) Nicholson Medal for Humanitarian Service (1995), Andrei Sakharov Prize (APS) (2006)|
|Children||sons Dmitri, Aleksandr, Lev|
from Orlov’s interview for Ekho Moskvy, 11 May 2011
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Yuri Fyodorovich Orlov (Russian: Ю́рий Фёдорович Орло́в, born 13 August 1924 in Moscow) is Professor of Physics and Government at Cornell University, a former Soviet dissident, Soviet nuclear physicist and human rights activist, a founder of the Moscow Helsinki Group and Soviet Amnesty International group. He was declared a prisoner of conscience when served nine years in prison and internal exile for monitoring the Helsinki human rights accords as a founder of human rights movement in the Soviet Union.
Yuri Orlov was born into a working-class family on 13 August 1924 and grew up in a village near Moscow. His parents were Klavdiya Petrovna Lebedeva and Fyodor Pavlovich Orlov. In March 1933, his father died.
From 1944 to 1946, Orlov served as an officer in the Soviet army. In 1952, he graduated from the Moscow State University and began his postgraduate studies at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics where he later worked as a physicist.
In 1956, Orlov nearly lost his career of scientist due to his speech at the party meeting devoted to the discussion of the report On the Personality Cult and its Consequences by Khrushchev at the 20th Congress of the CPSU. Then he publicly called Stalin and Beria "killers who were in power" and put forward the requirement of "democracy on the basis of socialism." For the pro-democracy speech he made in 1956, he was expelled from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and fired from his job.
"What is the meaning of life? That your soul may outlive your remains in something sacred and should escape decay... I have again looked at, added up, corrected, and sized up what I have been doing during these last years and have seen that this is good..." (Yuri Orlov, 1980)
Orlov obtained the Candidate of Sciences degree in 1958 and the Doctor of Sciences degree in 1963. He became an expert on particle acceleration. In 1968, he was elected a corresponding member of the Armenian Academy of Sciences after he found work at the Yerevan Physics Institute. In 1972, he came back to Moscow and worked at the Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism.
In September 1973, when Pravda published a statement by a group of prominent academicians denouncing Andrei Sakharov's anti-patriotic activity, Orlov decided to support him, while recollecting the well memorized spells of the 1930s, in which some academicians demanded the death penalty for others already arrested; later some of these academicians themselves were arrested; and then third academicians, still alive, publicly demanded the death penalty for them.:163:161
Defending academician Sakharov, Orlov on 16 September 1973 wrote "Open Letter to L.I. Brežnev about the Reasons for the Intellectual Backwardness in the USSR and Proposals to Overcome It" which appeared in underground samizdat circulation. The Western press published the letter in 1974 but its publication in the Russian press took place only in 1991.
In the early 1970s, the article by Yuri Orlov "Is a Non-Totalitarian Type of Socialism Possible?" also appeared in underground samizdat circulation.
In May 1976, he organised the Moscow Helsinki Group and became its chairman. Andrei Sakharov praised Orlov for systematically documenting Soviet violations of the human rights provisions of the Helsinki accords. Orlov ignored orders to disband the Moscow Helsinki Group when the KGB told him the group was illegal. The KGB head Yuri Andropov determined, "The need has thus emerged to terminate the actions of Orlov, fellow Helsinki monitor Ginzburg and others once and for all, on the basis of existing law."
Arrest and trial
On 10 February 1977, Orlov was arrested. In March 1977, Orlov published the article about his arrest "The road to my arrest." In a closed trial, he was denied the right to examine evidence and to call witnesses.
The courtroom was filled with some 50 individuals selected by authorities, while supporters and friends of Orlov, including Andrei Sakharov, were barred from entering because there was no room. Orlov's summation was interrupted many times by the judge and the prosecutor and by spectators who shouted "spy" and "traitor." According to Orlov’s wife Irina, hostile spectators in the courtroom applauded the sentence and shouted: "You should have given him more."
Orlov at the trial argued that he has a right to criticize the government and a right to circulate such criticism under the freedom of information provisions of the Helsinki Accords. Orlov also argued that he circulated such information for humanitarian, not subversive, reasons. On 15 May 1978, Orlov was sentenced to seven years of a labour camp and five years internal exile for his work with the Moscow Helsinki Group.
Protests over Orlov's trial
US President Jimmy Carter expressed his concern over the severity of the sentence and the secrecy of the trial. Washington senator Henry M. Jackson said, "The Orlov trial, and the Ginzburg and Shcharansky incarcerations, are dramatic cases in point" when discussing Soviet breaches of law. The US National Academy of Sciences has officially protested against the trial of Orlov.
In the summer of 1978, 2400 American scientists including physicists at the University of California's Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory created Scientists for Sakharov, Orlov and Shcharansky (SOS), an international movement to promote and protect the human rights of scientists.:547 An initiator of SOS was American physicist Andrew Sessler, its chairman was Prof. Morris Pripstein.
Imprisonent and exile
For the first year and a half, Orlov was imprisoned in Lefortovo Prison, then Perm Camp 35 and 37. In Perm Camp 37, he has mounted three hunger strikes to make the prison authorities return his confiscated writings and notes. Two articles written by Orlov in the camp were smuggled and published abroad. On 5 July 1983, the Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky sent the Soviet leader Yuri Andropov a letter asking for the release of Orlov to Austria, but it was intentionally left without an answer.
The New York-based Helsinki Watch issued a statement about Orlov’s health deterioration, "He has frequent headaches and dizzy spells, resulting from an old skull injury. He suffers from kidney and prostate inflammation, low blood pressure, rheumatic pains, toothaches, insomnia and vitamin deficiency. Medical care in the labor camp is extremely inadequate." Orlov also suffered from tuberculosis. He has lost a good deal of weight and most of his teeth. Orlov’s wife said he looked extremely emaciated and that she was "very fearful for my husband's health. The authorities are gradually killing him."
In 1984, Orlov was exiled to Kobyay in Siberia and was allowed to buy a house with a garden. On 14 November 1985, Professor George Wald raised the case of Orlov in a talk with the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev who answered he had not heard of Orlov.
Emigration and US citizenship
On 30 September 1986, the KGB proposed to expel Orlov from the Soviet Union after depriving him of his Soviet citizenship and met with approval from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Orlov's discharge from Siberian exile was part of the U.S.–Soviet deal to release journalist Nicholas Daniloff. Orlov’s release from exile and expulsion from the USSR lifted hopes among Westerners that the Helsinki process might finally start yielding progress. US President Jimmy Carter said, "As for Orlov, we're very delighted with this happy occurrence. We would like to meet with him if he comes to this country, but I don't know that he will. I have no way of knowing his plans."
Since 1987, Orlov has been working at Cornell University as a scientist. A member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Orlov studies particle accelerator design, beam interaction analysis and quantum mechanics. He has authored and coauthored numerous research papers, articles on human rights, and an autobiography, Dangerous Thoughts (1991).
In 1990, Gorbachev restored Soviet citizenship to Orlov and other 23 prominent exiles and emigres who lost the right in the period from 1966 to 1988. Orlov told Gorbachev, "I would say you have a very great power in your hands, the K.G.B., and you should therefore carry out your reforms without fearing anyone at all. Afterward, you should liquidate the K.G.B., because it is a cancer." On 18 July 1991, Orlov and Elena Bonner wrote an open letter about the fact that Soviet army and special troops have been systematically deporting thousands of Armenians from Azerbaijan to Armenia.
In 1993, Orlov received American citizenship.
In 1995 the American Physical Society awarded him the Nicholson Medal for Humanitarian Service. In 2005 he was named the first recipient of the Andrei Sakharov Prize, awarded biennially by the American Physical Society to honor scientists for exceptional work in promoting human rights. In 2004, Orlov expressed his opinion about Russia and Vladimir Putin by saying, "Russia is flying backwards in time. Putin is like Stalin, and he speaks in the language of the thug, the mafia." However, on 24 March 2005, Orlov wrote a letter to Putin to express Orlov's disquiet over the criminal prosecution of Anna Mikhalchuk, Yuri Samodurov, and Ludmila Vasilovskaya in the case concerning the Sakharov Museum exhibit on religion.
- "Орлов Юрий Федорович (р. 1924)" [Orlov Yuri Fyodorovich (b. 1924)] (in Russian). The Sakharov Center.
- Shultz, George (1993). Turmoil and triumph: my years as secretary of state. Scribner's. p. 749. ISBN 0684193256.
- "Yuri Orlov vows he'll continue to struggle for human rights". Kentucky New Era. 2 October 1986. p. 48.
- "The Yuri Orlov file". The National Security Archive.
- "Orlov receives maximum sentence" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LXXXV (113). 21 May 1978. p. 2.
- Human Rights Watch World Report 1990. Human Rights Watch. 1991. p. 296.
- Zellick, Graham (March 1980). "The criminal trial and the disruptive defendant". The Modern Law Review. 43 (2): 121–135. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.1980.tb01585.x. JSTOR 1094873.
- "CERN turns its back on Yuri Orlov". New Scientist. 91 (1260): 4. 2 July 1981.
- Garelik, Glenn (21 July 1991). "Science and dissidence". The Washington Post.
- Halperin, Israel (December 1984). "Prisoners of conscience". Physics Today. 37 (12): 94. Bibcode:1984PhT....37l..94H. doi:10.1063/1.2916026.
- "Orlov receives red carpet from Western science". New Scientist. 112 (1529): 16. 9 October 1986.
- "Founder of the Soviet human-rights movement". U.S. News & World Report. 101 (16): 23. 10 October 1986.
- Wren, Christopher (1 October 1986). "Man in the news; a pragmatic crusader: Yuri Fyodorovich Orlov". The New York Times.
- Andrei Sakharov and human rights. Council of Europe. 2010. p. 151. ISBN 9287169470.
- Marshak, Robert (September 1978). "Orlov dissident trial in perspective". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 34 (7): 5–6. doi:10.1080/00963402.1978.11458529.
- "Юрий Орлов. Человек-легенда" [Yuri Orlov. Legendary man]. Radio Liberty (in Russian). 15 August 2014.
- Bailey, Anthony (25 April 1983). "Orlov". The New Yorker: 40.
- Orlov, Yuri (1991). "Chapter thirteen. In the opposition". Dangerous Thoughts. Memoirs of a Russian Life. New York: William Morrow and Company. pp. 163–176. ISBN 0688104711.
- Орлов, Юрий (1992). "Глава тринадцатая. В оппозиции" [Chapter thirteen. In the opposition]. Опасные мысли: Мемуары из рус. жизни [Dangerous Thoughts. Memoirs of a Russian Life] (in Russian). Moscow: Аргументы и факты. pp. 161–174. ISBN 585272002X.
- De Boer, S. P.; Driessen, Evert; Verhaar, Hendrik (1982). Biographical dictionary of dissidents in the Soviet Union: 1956–1975. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 405. ISBN 9024725380.
- Shifman, Mikhail (ed.) (2015). Physics in a mad world. World Scientific. p. 445. ISBN 9814619310.
- Orlov 1974.
- Aksyutin & Medvedev 1991.
- Eaton, William (1 October 1986). "Harshly treated: Orlov: ordeal for symbol of dissent ends". The Los Angeles Times.
- Potok, Chaim; Slepak, Leonid; Slepak, Vladimir; Slepak, Alexander; Slepak, Maria (2010). The gates of November. Random House Publishing Group. p. 175. ISBN 0307575519.
- Snyder, Sarah (2011). Human rights activism and the end of the Cold War: a transnational history of the Helsinki network. Cambridge University Press. p. 73. ISBN 1139498924.
- Shanker, Thom (1 October 1986). "Bitter Siberian ordeal ends at last for Yuri Orlov". Bangor Daily News. p. 9.
- Bailey, Anthony (19 September 1977). "Defending Yuri Orlov". The New Yorker: 29.
- "Yuri Orlov Soviet dissident group founder". UPI. 6 October 1986.
- Orlov 1977.
- Oshins, Eddie (3 February 1983). "The case of Yuri Orlov". The New York Review of Books.
- "Yuri Orlov sentenced to 12 years". Herald-Journal. Vol. 106 (99). 19 May 1978.
- "CERN scientists speak out for Orlov". New Scientist. 94 (1306): 473. 20 May 1982.
- Carter, Jimmy. "Presidential Documents. Week Ending Friday, May 26, 1978". Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Jimmy Carter, 1978, Book 1: January 1 to June 30, 1978. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. p. 938.
- "U.S. senators seek Nobel for Helsinki groups" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LXXXV (159). 16 July 1978. pp. 1–2.
- Ziman, John (January 1979). "Science and human rights". Index on Censorship. 8 (1): 41–44. doi:10.1080/03064227908532880.
- "Soviet physicist could face new jail term". New Scientist. 101 (1396): 4. 9 February 1984.
- Pripstein, Morris (1991). "Sakharov, scientists, and human rights; a personal recollection". Andrei Sakharov: facets of a life. Atlantica Séguier Frontières. pp. 546–548. ISBN 2863320963.
- Sessler, Andrew (1 April 1995). "Physicist and the eternal struggle for human rights". Bulletin of the American Physical Society. 40 (2).
- Lipkin, Harry (2013). Andrei Sakharov: quarks and the structure of matter. World Scientific. p. 11. ISBN 9814407437.
- "A small word in support of Orlov". New Scientist. 96 (1331): 341. 11 November 1982.
- O'Toole, Thomas (3 June 1978). "Orlov's sentence causes third U.S. physicist group to cancel Russian trip". The Washington Post.
- "Concerns about Orlov's health". New Scientist: 592. 22 November 1979.
- Orlov (1981, 1982)
- About the letter by Bruno Kreisky to the Soviet leader Yuri Andropov
- "Soviet dissident Orlov reported terminally ill". Los Angeles Times. 15 November 1985.
- "Yuri Orlov is reported very sick" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LII (24). 10 June 1984. p. 2.
- "Concern about Orlov's health". New Scientist. 84 (1182): 592. 22 November 1979.
- "Russian dissident Yuri Orlov close to death, says scientist". The Glasgow Herald. 15 November 1985.
- "О лишении гражданства и выдворении из СССР Орлова Ю.Ф." [On the deprivation of citizenship and expulsion of Orlov Yu F. from the USSR] (PDF) (in Russian). Soviet archives collected by Vladimir Bukovsky. 30 September 1986.
- Valentine, Paul (6 October 1986). "Soviet dissident Orlov starts 'a new life' in U.S.". The Washington Post.
- Snyder, Sarah. Human rights activism and the end of the Cold War: a transnational history of the Helsinki network. Cambridge University Press. p. 168. ISBN 1139498924.
- "Yuri Orlov wins human rights award". Lodi News-Sentinel. 1 October 1986.
- Hochman, Steven (2009). "Carter center". In Forsythe, David. Encyclopedia of human rights. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press. pp. 252–256. ISBN 0195334027.
- Lanier, Alfredo (5 June 2000). "Network forms to aid scholars at risk". The Chicago Tribune.
- Orlov's research papers
- Orlov 1979; Orlov & Bethell 1987; Orlov (1988a, 1988b); Gottfried & Orlov 1989; Birman, Lizhi & Winick 1994
- Sessler, Andrew (1991). "Book Review: Dangerous Thoughts: Memoirs of a Russian Life". Physics Today. 44 (11): 92. Bibcode:1991PhT....44k..92S. doi:10.1063/1.2810325.
- "Citizenship: better late than never". Time. 27 August 1990.
- "Solzhenitsyn, 22 others qet citizenship back". The Pittsburgh Press. 16 August 1990. p. A8.
- "Solzhenitsyn cool as Moscow confirms offer". The New York Times. 17 August 1990.
- Rosenthal, Andrew (5 December 1987). "For the Soviet emigres, Gorbachev stirs both optimism and skepticism". The New York Times.
- Bonner & Orlov 1991.
- "Curriculum vitae of Yuri Orlov" (PDF). Cornell University. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 October 2015.
- Gold, Lauren (14 November 2005). "First Andrei Sakharov Prize for human rights goes to Cornell physicist and former Soviet gulag prisoner Yuri Orlov". Cornell Chronicle.
- 2006 Andrei Sakharov Prize Recipient
- "Soviet-era dissidents despise Putin". The Washington Times. 13 November 2004.
- Orlov, Yuri (24 March 2005). "A letter to Vladimir Putin". Sakharov Center.
- В Москве прошла презентация фильма "Они выбрали свободу" об истории диссидентов в СССР [In Moscow, the presentation of the film They Chose Freedom went off] (in Russian). NEWSru.com. 1 December 2005.
- Orlov, Yuri. Letter to L.I. Brezhnev. Survey. Spring–Summer 1974;(14):241–245.
- Orlov, Yuri. The road to my arrest. The New Leader. March 1977;60(6).
- Orlov, Yuri. On prisoners in Soviet camps. Survey. Spring 1979;(24):67–91.
- Orlov, Yuri. A quantum model of doubt. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. October 1981;373:84–92. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1981.tb51134.x. Bibcode:1981NYASA.373...84O.
- Orlov, Yuri. The wave logic of consciousness: a hypothesis. International Journal of Theoretical Physics. January 1982;21(1):37–53. doi:10.1007/BF01880263. Bibcode:1982IJTP...21...37O.
- "Yury Orlov: I believe in the people". Index on Censorship. 16 (2): 10. February 1987. doi:10.1080/03064228708534201.
- Orlov, Yuri; Bethell, Nicholas. Out of the Gulag and into exile. Encounter. May 1987;(26):48–52.
- Orlov, Yuri. Before and after glasnost. Commentary. 1 October 1988;86(4):24.
- Orlov, Yuri. The Soviet Union, human rights, and national security. In: Corillon, Carol (ed.). Science and human rights. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 1988. p. 62–67.
- Gottfried, Kurt; Orlov, Yuri. A man who would not be silenced: Sakharov: he saw scientific, political and moral realities as one equation, and he died still warning about 'tomorrow'. The Los Angeles Times. 19 December 1989.
- Bonner, Elena; Orlov, Yuri. Armenia: an open letter. The New York Review of Books. 18 July 1991.
- Orlov, Yuri [Юрий Орлов]. Перейти к полной свободе в сфере идей [Passing to full freedom in the area of ideas]. In: Aksyutin, Yuri; Medvedev, Roy [Юрий Аксютин, Рой Медведев] (eds.). Л.И. Брежнев: Материалы к биографии [L.I. Brezhnev: Materials to biography]. Moscow: Политиздат; 1991. Russian. ISBN 5-250-01721-5. p. 323–328.
- Orlov, Yuri (1991). Dangerous Thoughts. Memoirs of a Russian Life. New York: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0688104711.
- Орлов, Юрий (1992). Опасные мысли: Мемуары из рус. жизни [Dangerous Thoughts. Memoirs of a Russian Life] (in Russian). Moscow: Аргументы и факты. ISBN 585272002X.
- Birman, Joseph; Lizhi, Fang; Winick, Herman; Chudnovsky, Eugene; Orlov, Yuri. Science and human rights. Nature. August 1994;370(6491):592. doi:10.1038/370592a0. Bibcode:1994Natur.370..592B.
- Orlov, Yuri [Юрий Орлов] (1997). "Возможен ли социализм не тоталитарного типа?" [Is a non-totalitarian type of socialism possible?]. In Akhmetiev I.; Kulakov V. [И. Ахметьев; В. Кулаков]. Самиздат века [Samizdat of the century] (in Russian). Minsk: Полифакт. ISBN 5-89356-004-3.
- Orlov, Yuri [Юрий Орлов] (2005). "Возможен ли социализм не тоталитарного типа?" [Is a non-totalitarian type of socialism possible?]. In Igrunov, Vyacheslav [Вячеслав Игрунов]. Антология самиздата. Неподцензурная литература в СССР. 1950–1980-е.: В 3-х томах: т. 3: после 1973 [Anthology of samizdat. Uncensored literature in the USSR. The 1950s–1980s. In 3 volumes. Volume 3. After 1973] (PDF) (in Russian). Moscow: Международный институт гуманитарно-политических исследований. pp. 191–205. ISBN 5-89793-034-1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 March 2013.
- Yuri Orlov Cornell University Homepage
- "Aftermath of the Orlov trial". Nature. 273 (5660): 255. 25 May 1978. Bibcode:1978Natur.273..255.. doi:10.1038/273255a0.
- "APS joins in appeals for Orlov and Shcharansky". Physics Today. 38 (1): 117. January 1985. Bibcode:1985PhT....38Q.117.. doi:10.1063/1.2813731.
- "Biography of Yuri Fyodorovich Orlov". Basket III: implementation of the Helsinki Accords. Hearings before the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Ninety-fifth congress. First session on implementation of the Helsinki Accords (PDF). Vol. IV. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1977. pp. 67–69. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 November 2015.
- "Exiled Yuri Orlov". Newsweek. 104 (23): 57. 12 October 1984.
- "News from Orlov's trial". Nature. 273 (5661): 329. 1 June 1978. Bibcode:1978Natur.273..329.. doi:10.1038/273329a0.
- "Человек дня – Юрий Орлов, основатель и первый председатель Московской Хельсинкской Группы" [The man of the day Yuri Orlov, the founder and first chairman of the Moscow Helsinki Group]. Radio Liberty (in Russian). 13 May 2006.
- Alexeyeva, Lyudmila; Bukovsky, Vladimir; Amalrik, Andrei; Voikhanskaya, Marina; Plyushch, Leonid; Elina, Emilia; Voronina, Lidia; Bresenden, Yevgeniy (November 1977). "The Orlov tribunal". Index on Censorship. 6 (6): 52–60. doi:10.1080/03064227708532716.
- Bethell, Nicholas (17 October 1986). "How Orlov survived in Soviet prison". The Montreal Gazette. p. A1, A5.
- Bromley, Allan; Feshbach, Herman; Garvey, Gerald; Hyde, Earl; Keller, Lewin; Weneser, Joseph (August 1978). "Soviet boycott by US physicists over Orlov". Physics Today. 31 (8): 11. Bibcode:1978PhT....31h..11B. doi:10.1063/1.2995134.
- Carr, Bruce (May 1977). "Physicists petition Soviet Academy on Orlov arrest". Physics Today. 30 (5): 112. Bibcode:1977PhT....30e.112C. doi:10.1063/1.3037583.
- De Boer, S. P.; Driessen, Evert; Verhaar, Hendrik (1982). "Orlov, Jurij Fedorovič". Biographical dictionary of dissidents in the Soviet Union: 1956–1975. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 405–406. ISBN 9024725380.
- Hyman, Lloyd; Katz, Joseph; O'Connor, Timothy; Peshkin, Murray; Ringo, Roy (21 October 1977). "Concerning Y. Orlov and A. Sharansky". Science. 198 (4314): 251. Bibcode:1977Sci...198..253H. doi:10.1126/science.198.4314.251. PMID 17770484.
- Jacobs, Michael (June 1979). "Current response to Orlov jailing". Physics Today. 32 (6): 78. Bibcode:1979PhT....32f..78J. doi:10.1063/1.2995603.
- Jacobs, Michael (December 1979). "Yuri Orlov's wife fears for his health". Physics Today. 32 (12): 88. Bibcode:1979PhT....32l..88J. doi:10.1063/1.2995338.
- Rich, Vera (18 May 1978). "Yurii Orlov suffers two trials". Nature. 273 (5659): 178. Bibcode:1978Natur.273..178R. doi:10.1038/273178a0.
- Rich, Vera (25 May 1978). "Americans cancel visits in protest over Orlov". Nature. 273 (5660): 258. Bibcode:1978Natur.273..258R. doi:10.1038/273258a0.
- Rich, Vera (22 February 1979). "A day in the life of Yurii Orlov". Nature. 277 (5698): 591. Bibcode:1979Natur.277Q.591R. doi:10.1038/277591a0.
- Rich, Vera (16 February 1984). "Soviet Union: Orlov's fate in balance". Nature. 307 (5952): 585. Bibcode:1984Natur.307Q.585R. doi:10.1038/307585a0.
- Rich, Vera (23 February 1984). "Orlov appeal". Nature. 307 (5953): 673. Bibcode:1984Natur.307..673R. doi:10.1038/307673b0.
- Rich, Vera (9 October 1986). "Soviet Union: freedom at last for Orlov". Nature. 323 (6088): 478. Bibcode:1986Natur.323..478R. doi:10.1038/323478a0.
- Sakharov, Andrei; Meiman, Naum (March–April 1982). "The plight of Yuri Orlov". Harvard International Review. 4 (6): 50. JSTOR 42762207.
- Shapley, Deborah (2 June 1978). "Handler protests Orlov trial". Science. 200 (4345): 1026. Bibcode:1978Sci...200.1026S. doi:10.1126/science.200.4345.1026. PMID 17740677.
- Sessler, Andrew (November 1986). "Reflections occasioned by the release of Yuri Orlov". Physics Today. 39 (11): 168. Bibcode:1986PhT....39k.168S. doi:10.1063/1.2815231.
- Sweet, William (May 1987). "Orlov provides perspectives on Gorbachev's reforms". Physics Today. 40 (5): 79. Bibcode:1987PhT....40e..79S. doi:10.1063/1.2820021.
- Turchin, Valentin (July 1985). "Orlov in exile". Physics Today. 38 (38): 9. Bibcode:1985PhT....38g...9T. doi:10.1063/1.2814623.
- Natella Boltyanskaya (8 September 2014). "Восемнадцатая серия. Юрий Орлов" [The eighteenth part. Yuri Orlov]. Voice of America (in Russian). Parallels, Events, People.
- ] on YouTube