Yuri Kholopov

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Yuri Kholopov in 2001, Moscow

Yuri Nikolaevich Kholopov (Russian: Ю́рий Николáевич Холóпов, Yury Holopov) (August 14, 1932, Ryazan – April 24, 2003, Moscow) was a Russian musicologist and educator.

Biography[edit]

After graduating from Ryazan Music Regional College he studied at the Moscow Conservatoire from 1949 to 1954 with Igor Sposobin and then with Semyon Bogatyrev, completing his master's degree in 1960.

In 1963 he became a member of the Composers' Union of the USSR.

He presented his Ph.D. thesis in 1975 with a monograph Contemporary Aspects of Harmony in Music of Prokofiev printed earlier in 1967, and the Doctorate Degree thesis in 1977, with a monograph Essays in Contemporary Harmony printed in 1974. His important research of life and music of Anton von Webern was printed in two volumes in 1973 and 1975 (in collaboration with his sister, Valentina Kholopova).

He taught at the Tchaikovsky Conservatory Moscow since 1960, where he became a professor in 1983. His teaching was highly influential for several generations of musicians. He has written more than 1000 works (800 of which have been published), practically on all aspects of music theory. Especially important were his textbooks of harmony (both theoretical and practical studies) which have been now commonly recognized in Russia as a standard of advanced music education.

Kholopov's political views and his ethical and aesthetic principles are formulated in a programmatic article about E. Denisov:

"Denisov also became to be a witness of a really terrible epoch – the crash of Russia in 90es. Being far from a policy, he could not see, of course, everything that really occurred in his fatherland [...]. Nevertheless, it is quite sure, he would keep his ideological and artistic position and would resist to "democratic" tendencies of disintegration, amoralism, unscrupulousness and a profit cult. It is possible to draw an analogy between Denisov' position and that of Olivier Messiaen, when the last was imprisoned into a concentration camp. [...] Ethical and aesthetic principles of Denisov's personality concorded very well with his life, strong physical and mental health of that Siberian, with his kind smile, steady affability and correct manner, with normal human cheerfulness. Just imagine it: a man of 65, the world famous composer in his Moscow apartment with a young wife and two funny little girls, his daughters: that is a psychological paradigm of Denisov's music which was vitally normal, sincerely healthy, beautiful, refined, bright, inner steady" (Ju. N. Kholopov. Edison Denisov i muzika kontsa veka [Edison Denisov and music of the end of the century]. In: Svet. Dobro. Vechnost'. Pamyati Edisona Denisova. Stat’i. Vospominaniya. Dokumenti [Light. Kindness. Eternity. Edison Denisov in memoriam. Articles. Recollections. Materials], ed. by V.Tsenova. Moscow, 1999, pp. 6–7).

Selected books[edit]

Comment. All Kholopov's books are originally written in Russian

  • Modern Features of Prokofiev's Harmony. Moscow: Muzyka, 1967. Orig. title: Современные черты гармонии Прокофьева
  • Essays on Contemporary Harmony. Moscow: Muzyka, 1974. Orig. title: Очерки современной гармонии
  • (with Valentina Kholopova) Anton Webern. Life and Work. Moscow: Sovetskij Kompozitor, 1984; Berlin, 1989 (In German); Milano, 1990 (In Italian). Orig. title: Антон Веберн. Жизнь и творчество
  • Harmony. Theoretical Course. Moscow: Muzyka, 1988; 2nd ed. revised, Saint Petersburg: Lan', 2003. Orig. title: Гармония. Теоретический курс
  • (with Valeria Tsenova) Edison Denisov. Moscow: Kompozitor, 1993; Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1995 (In English). Orig. title: Эдисон Денисов
  • (with Valentina Kholopova) Music of Webern. Moscow: Kompozitor, 1999. Orig. title: Музыка Веберна
  • (with Valeria Tsenova) Edison Denisov — the Russian Voice in European New Music. Berlin: Verlag Ernst Kuhn, 2002. In English
  • Harmony. Practical Course. 2 vls. Moscow: Kompozitor, 2003; 2nd ed. Moscow, 2005. Orig. title: Гармония. Практический курс
  • Music Theory of Heinrich Schenker. Moscow: Kompozitor, 2006. Orig. title: Музыкально-теоретическая система Хайнриха Шенкера
  • Introduction to Musical Form / Ed. by T. Kyuregyan and V. Tsenova. Moscow: Moscow Conservatory, 2006. Orig. title: Введение в музыкальную форму
  • Harmonic analysis. 3 vls. Moscow: Muzyka, 1996, 2001, 2009. Orig. title: Гармонический анализ.

Selected articles[edit]

Criticism of Heritage of Kholopov[edit]

It turned out unsuccessful an attempt by Kholopov to upbuild a doctrine of the musical-historic process;[1] has been noticed that it is tautological, fantastic and even chimeric.[2] An attempt to mitigate these rigid assessments of the concept was ended in recognition as a mythical [3] this brave and unsuccessful storming the problem by Yuri Nikolayevich.[4]

In propensity of Kholopov to the myth-making can make sure everyone, who read the fantastic chimera «rainbow spectrum of intervals» in Kholopov's definition of the natural harmonic series.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Холопов 1982, pp. 52–104
  2. ^ Шип 2013, p. 25: «Kholopovian formulation is depressing first of all by frank tautologihood: the rise "explained" as a movement from lower to higher. Is discouraging also that the author does not discloses his understanding of "organization".He doesn't even put the question on the method of commensuration "organization" of different stages of movement "onward and upward". Therefore also the idea that in the development of musical thinking is dominated the principle of rising, hangs in the air. Even if the historic shift from "less organized" to "more organized" of music state actually exists, it is not clear exactly how it is due to the declared four pairs of opposites. To this blurred picture of musical progress Kholopov added a hint-judgment about the 300-year periodic cycles in the history of music. However, any arguments, or at least examples-illustrations, the author hasn't cited. To voiced a fantastic statements musicologist added one more chimera. (Russian: Холоповская формулировка удручает прежде всего откровенной тавтологичностью: подъем "разъясняется" как движение от низшего к высшему. Обескураживает и то, что автор никак не раскрывает своего понимания "организованности". Он даже не ставит вопрос о способе соизмерения "организованности" разных стадий движения "вперед и вверх". Поэтому и тезис о том, что в развитии музыкального мышления доминирует принцип подъема, повисает в воздухе. Если даже исторический переход от "менее организованного" к "более организованному" состоянию музыки на самом деле существует, то не ясно, как именно он обусловлен заявленными четырьмя парами противоположностей. К этой расплывчатой картине музыкального прогресса Холопов добавил суждение-намек о 300-летних периодических циклах в истории музыки. Однако никаких аргументов, или хотя бы примеров-иллюстраций автор не привел. К высказанным фантастическим положениям музыковед добавил еще одну химеру.
  3. ^ Зенкин 2014, p. 14: «we'll not name the whole concept a "chimera", as does Шип, but we'll name a myth of his own name — the myth, to which is possible to believe or not believe (Russian: мы не станем называть всю концепцию "химерой", как это делает Шип, а назовем миф его собственным именем — мифом, в который можно верить или не верить.
  4. ^ Шип 2013, p. 27: «The article by Yu. Kholopov may serve as an example desperately brave, but in general a completely unsuccessful storming the problem of determining an universal logic of musical-historic process. (Russian: Статья Ю. Холопова может служить образцом отчаянно смелого, но в целом полностью неудачного штурма проблемы определения всеобщей логики музыкально-исторического процесса.
  5. ^ Холопов 2003, p. 12: «The harmonically constructed sounding body gives the rainbow spectrum of intervals, the numerical order which allows all of them to merge into a single musical sound, as it contains a kernel of the whole musical harmony. This spectrum is called the natural scale (to highlight the natural character of musical harmony), or harmonic series (Russian: Гармонически устроенное звучащее тело дает радужный спектр интервалов, числовая упорядоченность которых позволяет всем им сливаться в единый музыкальный звук, как бы содержащий в себе ядро всей музыкальной гармонии. Такой спектр называется натуральным звукорядом (чем подчеркивается природный характер музыкальной гармонии), или гармоническим рядом

References[edit]

External links[edit]