Yuriy Yekhanurov

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Yuriy Yekhanurov
Юрій Єхануров
Yuriy Yekhanurov 2013.jpg
Minister of Defense of Ukraine
In office
December 18, 2007 – June 5, 2009
PresidentViktor Yushchenko
CabinetSecond Tymoshenko Government
Preceded byAnatoliy Hrytsenko
Succeeded byMykhailo Yezhel
11th Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
September 8, 2005 – August 4, 2006
Acting September 8–22, 2005
PresidentViktor Yushchenko
CabinetYekhanurov Government
Preceded byYulia Tymoshenko
Succeeded byViktor Yanukovych
Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Region
In office
April 1, 2005 – September 8, 2005
PresidentViktor Yushchenko
Minister of Economy of Ukraine
In office
February 26, 1997 – July 25, 1997
Prime MinisterPavlo Lazarenko
CabinetLazarenko Government
Preceded byVasyl Hureyev
Succeeded byViktor Suslov
Director of State Property Fund
In office
PresidentLeonid Kuchma
Preceded byVolodymyr Pryadko
Succeeded byVolodymyr Lanovy (acting)
People's Deputy of Ukraine
3rd convocation
In office
May 12, 1998 – February 22, 2000
ConstituencyPeople's Democratic Party, Zhytomyr Oblast, District No.64[1]
4th convocation
In office
May 14, 2002 – June 23, 2005
ConstituencyIndependent, No.26[2]
5th convocation
In office
May 25, 2006 – June 8, 2007
ConstituencyOur Ukraine, No.1[3]
6th convocation
In office
November 23, 2007 – December 19, 2007
ConstituencyOur Ukraine, No.24[4]
Personal details
Born (1948-08-23) August 23, 1948 (age 72)
Belkachi, Yakut ASSR, Russian SFSR (now Sakha Republic, Russia)
Political partyRevival[5]
Other political
People's Union Our Ukraine
People's Democratic Party
Alma materKyiv National Economic University
Kyiv University

Yuriy Ivanovych Yekhanurov (Ukrainian: Юрій Іванович Єхануров; born August 23, 1948) is a Ukrainian politician who was Prime Minister of Ukraine from 2005 to 2006 and Minister of Defense from 2007 to 2009.

Background and professional career[edit]

Yekhanurov was born in the village Belkachi in the far-north Yakut ASSR, which is currently the Sakha Republic within the Russian Federation. His father, Ivan Mikhailovich Yekhanurov is an ethnic Buryat, while his mother, Halyna (her real name is Helena) Ivanivna is an ethnic Ukrainian. Between 1955 and 1963 Yuriy Yekhanurov attended a school in the village of Buy, Bichursky District, Buryatia.[6] In 1963 he moved to Kyiv, Ukraine, where he has spent most of his life and career. He holds a PhD-equivalent degree in Economics, is married, and has one son.

Yekhanurov graduated from a construction Technical School in 1967, and the Kyiv National Economic University in 1973. As his first job in 1974, he was assigned as a manager of a reinforced concrete plant at the state company "Kyivmiskbud-4". Yekhanurov quickly rose through the ranks, moving on to the "Stroydetal'" industrial group from 1985 to 1988. In that year, he was appointed deputy chairman of the Kyiv construction directorate, the "GolovKyivMiskBud".

Statesman and politician[edit]

Yuriy Yekhanurov inspecting troops of the 95th Airmobile Brigade on Khreshchatyk in Kyiv on the Independence day 2008.

When Ukraine gained independence in 1991, Yekhanurov started working for the Kyiv municipal government, overseeing economic reforms. He was appointed Deputy Minister of Economy of Ukraine in 1993, and later headed the State Property Fund of Ukraine (which coordinated the privatisation) from 1994 to 1997. Yekhanurov also served for a short time as Minister of Economy in the cabinet of Pavlo Lazarenko in 1997. He was elected member of the Ukrainian parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, in 1998.

When Viktor Yushchenko was appointed as Prime Minister of Ukraine in 1999, Yekhanurov joined his cabinet as First Vice Prime Minister. After the ousting of the government in 2001, Yekhanurov joined Yushchenko's People's Union Our Ukraine and was elected again a member of parliament. In June 2002, he was appointed Head of the State Committee for Industrial Policy and Entrepreneurship.

After the Orange Revolution in 2005, Yekhanurov was appointed Head of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast State Administration (i.e. a governor) on April 1, 2005. He was also elected head of the Central Executive Committee of People's Union Our Ukraine party.

Prime minister[edit]

On September 8, 2005 Yekhanurov was appointed Acting Prime Minister by President Viktor Yushchenko, after the President had sacked the previous Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. He was succeeded by Victor Yanukovich on August 4, 2006. Yekhanurov's candidacy was hotly contested in parliament, most notably by former Prime Minister and Yushchenko's ally Yulia Tymoshenko. His confirmation required two rounds of voting; in the first round on September 20, 2005, Yekhanurov was only three votes short of the 226 needed for approval. On September 22, 2005, after negotiations between President Yushchenko and opposition groups, he was approved by 289 deputies out of 339 present. The CPU and SDPU(o) factions abstained from voting.

Yekhanurov was widely regarded as an experienced administrator, a caretaker rather than a politician. Like Yushchenko, he is a supporter of economic liberalization and privatisation, but opposed "reprivatization" of previously sold companies that were thought to have been privatized illegally under the administration of President Leonid Kuchma.

Yekhanurov government lost a vote of no confidence on January 10, 2006[7] but stayed in power until the parliamentary election two months later.

After the signing of a coalition agreement (June 22, 2006) by the political parties behind the "Orange Revolution" it was agreed that Yulia Tymoshenko would be restored as Prime Minister of Ukraine after nearly three months of negotiating and political uncertainty.[8] Yulia Tymoshenko election was expected to be only a formality but opposition members (Party of Regions & Communist Party of Ukraine) blocked the parliament from Thursday, June 29, 2006[9] till Thursday, July 6, 2006[10] because they felt they hadn't got enough chairmen in parliamentary committees[10] Yekhanurov was skeptical about the new government and he wanted the Party of Regions to be a part of the new government[11] He felt that would have been better for the stability of Ukraine.

Gas crisis of 2005–2006 and fallout[edit]

Late 2005/January 2006, Russia and Ukraine had a serious dispute over the import of gas. Russia had been charging Ukraine traditionally low prices for gas, but decided to increase them to reflect the market price, breaking the previously signed contract that was to last through 2010. After cutting off the flow of gas to Ukraine for several days, a complicated deal was struck on January 4, 2006. According to President Yushchenko and Yekhanurov, it was a compromise.

Nonetheless, the Ukrainian parliament was not happy with the deal, and passed a vote of no-confidence on January 10, 2006. But President Yuschenko "quickly dismissed the vote as a publicity stunt by the opposition"[12] Yekhanurov continued to perform his duties until the newly elected Verkhovna Rada convened and formed a majority in July. He was succeeded by Viktor Yanukovych.

Minister of Defense of Ukraine[edit]

As part of the President quota of Ministers in the Ukrainian cabinet appointed on December 18, 2007 Yekhanurov became Minister of Defense in the second Tymoshenko cabinet. Accusing him of corruption Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko turned to President Yushchenko with a request to dismiss Yekhanurov as Defense Minister of Ukraine on May 20, 2009.[13][14][15] Yekhanurov immediately denied the accusations[16] and told journalists "Decisions must be made every day. But, not to be busy with budget problems, they organize such shows as today".[17] on May 26, 2009 President Yushchenko stated he had no intend to dismiss Yekhanurov claiming “there is nothing but a political attack and a staff war”.[18] According to Yushchenko similar political attacks had been launched against the foreign minister, State Property Fund head, and the National Bank of Ukraine governor.[19] The same day Yekhanurov threatened to sue Prime Minister Tymoshenko "to defend his honor and dignity", if she did not apologize, and if Supervision and Revision Department head Mykola Syvulskiy did not resign.[20] June 5, 2009 the Ukrainian parliament dismissed Yuriy Yekhanurov as defense minister. 363 MPs out of the 398 registered in the parliament's session hall voted for his dismissal, includeding 161 MPs of the Party of Regions, 152 MPs of the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko, four MPs of the Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc, 27 MPs of the Communist Party, and 19 MPs of the Bloc of Lytvyn.[21] Yekhanurov challenged his dismissal in court, but the Kyiv District Administrative Court rejected his relevant appeal on July 9, 2009.[22]

Later career[edit]

From July 2009 till February 2010 Yekhanurov was first deputy head of the Ukrainian Presidential Secretariat.[22][23] After his political career he became a professor at the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.[24]

In the October 2015 Ukrainian local elections Yekhanurov was a candidate for Mayor of Kyiv for the party Revival.[5] He did not survive the first round of the Mayoral election.[25][26][27]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the II convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  2. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  3. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  4. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  5. ^ a b (in Russian) Yuriy Yekhanurov elected as a candidate for mayor of Kyiv from the "Renaissance", UNIAN (29 September 2015)
  6. ^ "Ехануров, Юрий". Lenta.ru.
  7. ^ http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=31268
  8. ^ "Ukraine allies 'agree coalition'". BBC News. June 21, 2006.
  9. ^ "Sit-in disrupts Ukraine assembly". BBC News. June 29, 2006.
  10. ^ a b YANUKOVYCH CALLED OFF THE BLOCKADE / Ukrayinska Pravda Archived March 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Yekhanurov Demitted Speakership Because of Yanukovych / Ukrayinska Pravda Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (January 11, 2006). "Parliament in Ukraine Votes to Scold Government". The New York Times.
  13. ^ Tymoshenko asks President to dismiss Yekhanurov as Defense Minister, UNIAN (May 20, 2009)
  14. ^ Tymoshenko Initiating Yekhanurov’s Dismissal, Ukrainian News Agency (May 20, 2009)
  15. ^ Minister Yekhanurov Not Intending To Step Down, Ukrainian News Agency (May 20, 2009)
  16. ^ Yekhanurov denies reports of corrupt schemes at defense ministry Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (May 20, 2009)
  17. ^ Yekhanurov to discuss his dismissal with Yushchenko, UNIAN (May 20, 2009)
  18. ^ Yushchenko not to make submission to VR on Yekhanurov’s dismissal, UNIAN (May 26, 2009)
  19. ^ Yuschenko not planning to submit motion dismissing Yekhanurov as defense minister Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (May 26, 2009)
  20. ^ Yekhanurov says he may sue Tymoshenko, UNIAN (May 26, 2009)
  21. ^ Ukrainian parliament dismisses Yekhanurov as defense minister Archived June 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (June 5, 2009)
  22. ^ a b Ex-defense minister Yekhanurov appointed first deputy head of presidential secretariat Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (july 14, 2009)
  23. ^ (in Russian)/(website has automatic Google Translate option) Short bio, LIGA
  24. ^ Yuriy Yekhanurov short Biography, International Centre for Policy Studies
  25. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/298832.html
  26. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/300458.html
  27. ^ http://www.ukrinform.net/rubric-politics/1906527-klitschko-mp-bereza-enters-2nd-round-of-kyiv-mayor-election.html

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Volodymyr Pryadko
Director of State Property Fund of Ukraine
Succeeded by
Volodymyr Lanovyi
Political offices
Preceded by
Vasyl Hureyev
Minister of Economy
Succeeded by
Viktor Suslov
Preceded by
Sergey Kasyanov
Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Succeeded by
Nadiia Deyeva
Preceded by
Yulia Tymoshenko
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Succeeded by
Viktor Yanukovych
Preceded by
Anatoliy Hrytsenko
Minister of Defence
Succeeded by
Valeriy Ivaschenko