|This article does not cite any references (sources). (August 2009)|
Location in Jiangxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,728 km2 (667 sq mi)|
|• Density||330/km2 (860/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC−08:00)|
Yushan (Chinese: 玉山; pinyin: Yùshān; literally: "Jade Mountain") is a county in the northeast of Jiangxi province, China. The county is Jiangxi's gateway to bordering Zhejiang province. It covers 1,731 km² and the population now reaches 560,000.
The climate is temperate there with abundant rainfall in the monsoon season, and has clearly differentiated summers and winters.
Over the last fifty years, the county has harnessed its eight major rivers for power. It has three large hydropower stations with installed capacity of about 1.2 megawatts.
The county is relatively a lagger in economic development. But it boasts affluent mining resources, like flagstones and limestones.
Yushan is a stop on the Zhe-Gan Railway, leading from Shanghai, Hangzhou to Nanchang and further south to Guangzhou and Hong Kong. At the end of 2002, the county was also incorporated into the national network of roads with the construction of a highway to Shanghai. Its closest airport is one in Quzhou, which flies to various domestic destinations.
Yushan is famous nationwide for its distinctive success in school education, which is quintessential by the Yushan No.1 Middle School. Founded in 1939, the school is cradle of about 1,000 graduates beyond the master's degree. It is applying for one of China's top 1,000 elementary and middle schools.
Huaiyu Mountains are also a tourist attraction. In the Song dynasty, the great neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi taught there. In Republican times, the area also hosted a guerrilla affiliated to the Communist Party of China, led by then legendary general Fang Zhimin.