|Regions with significant populations|
|Primarily Pakistan and Afghanistan|
|Islam (Sunni Hanafi)
with small Shia minority
The Yūsufzai, also called Yousafzai, Esapzai son of Mand, son of Khakhykhel ,son of Kand, son of Kharshbun, son of Sarban). They are found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan, and in some eastern parts of Afghanistan. In addition, some Yusufzai lineages are settled in India in 18th century, most notably in Rohilkhand region as well as the Tonk area, many of whom form a part of the larger Rohilla community. According to the Pata Khazana history book, the Khakhykhel and Ghoryakhel are brothers.[how?]
The tribe is mentioned as "Isapzais" by Alexander the Great in 330 BC. But they are later mentioned by Babur in the 16th century. It is claimed that by the 1580s the Yusufzai numbered about 100,000 households. In general, they were uncooperative with the rule of Akbar who sent military forces under Zain Khan Koka and Raja Bir Bar to subdue them. In 1585 Raja Bir Bar was killed in fighting with the Yusufzais who were led by the general Gujju Khan. It was not until about 1690 that they were partially brought under the control of the Mughal Empire. In 1849, the Yousafzai established their own Yusafzai State of Swat under the leadership of Akhund Abdul Ghaffur who appointed Sayyid Akbar Shah, a descendant of Pir Baba, as the first emir. After Akbar Shah's death in 1857, Akhund Ghaffur assumed control of the state himself. The state lasted until 1969 under its religious leaders known as Akhunds of Swat, and encompassed the present-day Swat, Buner, Shangla and Kohistan.
The Yusufzai are the predominant population in the districts of Swat, Swabi, Buner, Shangla, Mardan, Malakand, Tor Ghar, Upper Dir, Lower Dir, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. They are also living in Battagram and the Rasheeda, Maloga village of the Oghi Tehsil of Mansehra.
Some Yusufzai lineages are settled especially in the Rohilkhand region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh, in Bodh Gaya, Patna, Sherghati, Vaishali and the nearby Bihar in India, in Andhra Pradesh's capital Hyderabad city, in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh,Tonk and Pratapgarh districts of Rajasthan, in Channapatna, Kadi, Ahmedabad, Baroda and the nearby Gujarat, in Maharashtra's Pune, Akola and Mumbai, and in Karnataka's Mysore and Bangalore. Many of the Yusufzai of Uttar Pradesh form a part of the larger Rohilla community.
- Haleem, Safia (24 July 2007). "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India". Khyber Gateway. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
Farrukhabad has a mixed population of Pathans dominated by the Bangash and Yousafzais.
- Haleem, Safia (24 July 2007). "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India". Khyber Gateway.
This is the area in U.P (Utter Pradesh) Province, in which Pashtoons were either given land by the emperors or they settled for Trade purposes. Roh was the name of the area around Peshawar city, in Pakistan. Yousafzai Pathans especially Mandarr sub clan, living in this valley were also known as Rohillas when they settled down the area was known as Katehr, which literally means soft well aerated loam which is extremely suitable for cultivation. It later became known as Rohil Khand (the land of the Rohillas). The great majority of Rohillas migrated between 17th and 18th Century.
- Ahmed, Khaled. "Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan". Daily Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- John F. Richards, The New Cambridge History of India: The Mughal Empire (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993) p. 50
- Haroon, Sana (2011). Frontier of Faith: Islam, in the Indo-Afghan Borderland. Hurst Publishers. p. 40. ISBN 1849041830. Retrieved 16 February 2013.