|Regions with significant populations|
|Primarily Pakistan and Afghanistan|
The Yūsufzai, also called Yousafzai, is a tribe of Pashtun peoples. They are found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan, and in some eastern parts of Afghanistan. In addition, some Yusufzai lineages are settled in India in 18th century, most notably in Rohilkhand region as well as the Tonk area, many of whom form a part of the larger Rohilla community and some of the other groups of Yusufzai's settled in the Deccan region (present Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra) of India.
The tribe are mentioned by Babur in the 16th century. They were a pastoral nomadic tribe and served Babur well in his campaign against Lodhis, Dilazaks and Jahangeeri Swati Sultans. Due to their successful intrigues against their masters mentioned above Babur even ordered that the daughter of Malik Shahmansur their elder at that time be included in his harem. It is claimed that by the 1580s the Yusufzai numbered about 100,000 households. In general, they were uncooperative with the rule of Akbar who in late 1585 sent military forces under Zain Khan Koka and Raja Bir Bar to subdue them. In February 1586 Raja Bir Bar was killed in fighting with the Yusufzais who were led by the general Gujju Khan. It was not until about 1690 that they were partially brought under the control of the Mughal Empire. In 1849, the Yousafzai established their own Yusafzai State of Swat under the leadership of Akhund Abdul Ghaffur who appointed Sayyid Akbar Shah, a descendant of Pir Baba, as the first emir. After Akbar Shah's death in 1857, Akhund Ghaffur assumed control of the state himself. The state lasted until 1969 under its religious leaders known as Akhunds of Swat, and encompassed the present-day Swat, Buner, Shangla and Kohistan.
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Some Yusufzai lineages are settled especially in the Rohilkhand region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh, in Bodh Gaya, Patna, Sherghati, Vaishali and the nearby Bihar in India, in Andhra Pradesh's capital Hyderabad city, in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh, Tonk and Pratapgarh districts of Rajasthan, in Channapatna, Kadi, Ahmedabad, Baroda and the nearby Gujarat, in Maharashtra's Pune, Akola, Aurangabad and Mumbai, and in Karnataka's Mysore and Bangalore. Many of the Yusufzai of Uttar Pradesh form a part of the larger Rohilla.
- "Yusufzai in india". khyber.org.
- Haleem, Safia (24 July 2007). "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India". Khyber Gateway. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
Farrukhabad has a mixed population of Pathans dominated by the Bangash and Yousafzais.
- Haleem, Safia (24 July 2007). "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India". Khyber Gateway.
This is the area in U.P (Utter Pradesh) Province, in which Pashtoons were either given land by the emperors or they settled for Trade purposes. Roh was the name of the area around Peshawar city, in Pakistan. Yousafzai Pathans, living in this valley were also known as Rohillas when they settled down the area was known as Katehr, which literally means soft well aerated loam which is extremely suitable for cultivation. It later became known as Rohil Khand (the land of the Rohillas). The great majority of Rohillas migrated between 17th and 18th Century.
- Richards, John F. (1993). The Mughal Empir. The New Cambridge History of India. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–51.
- Sarin, Amita (2005). Akbar and Birbal. Penguin Books Limited. p. 64. ISBN 978-81-8475-006-5.
- Haroon, Sana (2011). Frontier of Faith: Islam, in the Indo-Afghan Borderland. Hurst Publishers. p. 40. ISBN 1849041830. Retrieved 16 February 2013.