Yuval Neria

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Yuval Neria
יובל נריה
Neria, Yuval24.jpg
Born (1952-07-09) July 9, 1952 (age 67)
Academic background
Alma materHebrew University of Jerusalem (BA, MA)
University of Haifa (PhD)
Academic work
DisciplinePsychiatry
Sub-disciplineMedical psychology
InstitutionsTel Aviv University
Columbia University
Main interestsPosttraumatic stress disorder
Military career
Allegiance Israel
Years of service1970–1999
RankLieutenant colonel
Battles/warsYom Kippur War
1982 Lebanon War
AwardsMedal of Valor

Yuval Neria (Hebrew: יובל נריה; July 9, 1952) is a Professor of Medical Psychology at the Departments of Psychiatry and Epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC),[1] and Director of Trauma and PTSD Program, and a Research Scientist at the New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) and Columbia University Department of Psychiatry.[2] He is a recipient of the Medal of Valor, Israel's highest decoration, for his exploits during the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

Early life[edit]

Neria grew up in Israel, and spent his childhood in the city of Holon with his younger sister, Nurit, and two parents, Zipora and Jacob Neria. At the age of 18, he joined the Israeli army and subsequently participated in the 1973 Yom Kippur War and the 1982 Lebanon war. In the Yom Kippur War, his performance as a tank commander in the Sinai front (where, in several battles, his tank was hit but he kept fighting, taking command of up to 10 different tanks before being injured and evacuated),[3] earned him the Medal of Valor, the highest decoration for combat bravery in Israel,[4] at the age of 22.

Neria's political views and body of work were deeply influenced by his war experiences.[5] He was one of the founders of the Israeli grassroots movement "Peace Now," which sought to facilitate reconciliation between Israel, the Palestinians, and Arab countries.[6] Neria has published a war novel, Fire (Zmora Bitan, 1986) (Esh in Hebrew), based on his painful experiences in the Yom Kippur 1973 War, and was later involved in efforts to improve policies regarding mental health care for returning war veterans and prisoners of war with post trauma psychopathology.

Education and career[edit]

Neria completed his studies in philosophy (BA), political science (BA) and clinical psychology (MA) in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and received his doctorate (PhD) in psychology from the Haifa University, Israel, in 1994. He was the recipient of the Alon Fellowship for Outstanding Early Career Researcher, from Israeli Council for Higher Education (CHE) and served on the faculty of Tel Aviv University from 1995 to 2001. In the autumn of 2001, after the attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11) he moved to New York following his recruitment to Columbia University in New York City with his wife, Mariana, a clinical psychologist, and his three children.

Research[edit]

Neria's line of research has been focused on the emotional consequences of exposure to traumatic events. He has conducted numerous studies among Israeli veterans and prisoners of war,[7][8] 9/11 bereaved,[9] low-income primary care patients exposed to 9/11 attacks in New York City,[10] and young adults exposed to ongoing missile and rockets attacks in southern Israel.[11] While his main focus has been the study of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) his studies have shown that the effects of psychological trauma are not limited to PTSD, and are often resulted in other debilitating disorders, beyond PTSD, including bipolar illness, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), substance and alcohol abuse, borderline personality disorder, complicated grief, functional impairment and physical disorders.[12][13][14][15][16][17]

To date, his lab at Columbia and NYSPI is focused on identification of biomarkers of PTSD, which may aid in diagnosis and treatment development. Specifically, members of the lab are using multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to describe altered connectivity among hippocampus sub-regions, associations between hippocampus size and treatment outcome and a series of measurable, functional and structural changes in the brain of PTSD patients following treatment.[18][19][20][21][22][23]

Publications[edit]

Neria has authored a war novel, Fire (Zmora Bitan, 1986), and more than 190 articles and book chapters. He was the lead editor of the books: "9/11: mental health in the wake of terrorist attacks" (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and "The Mental Health Consequences of Disasters" (Cambridge University Press, 2009), and co-edited two additional books "Anxiety Disorders: Theory, Research and Clinical Perspectives." (Cambridge University Press, 2010), and "Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture: (Springer, 2016).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yuval Neria, PhD - Columbia Psychiatry". 2017-02-09.
  2. ^ "Dotster".
  3. ^ "Tkuma - the People's Army - Episode 3".
  4. ^ Avihai Becker (November 13, 2002). "No End to This Bitter Battle". Haaretz.
  5. ^ Maslin, Janet (27 January 1995). "Lanzmann's Meditation On Israel's Defense". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Lewis, Anthony (December 7, 1990). "ABROAD AT HOME; 'A Broken Dream'". The New York Times.
  7. ^ Neria, Y.; Solomon, Z.; Dekel, R. (1998). "An eighteen-year follow-up study of Israeli prisoners of war and combat veterans". The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 186 (3): 174–82. doi:10.1097/00005053-199803000-00006. PMID 9521353.
  8. ^ Neria, Y.; Solomon, Z.; Ginzburg, K.; Dekel, R.; Enoch, D.; Ohry, A. (2000). "Posttraumatic residues of captivity: A follow-up of Israeli ex-prisoners of war". The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 61 (1): 39–46. doi:10.4088/JCP.v61n0110. PMID 10695645.
  9. ^ Neria, Yuval; Gross, Raz; Litz, Brett; Maguen, Shira; Insel, Beverly; Seirmarco, Gretchen; Rosenfeld, Helena; Suh, Eun Jung; Kishon, Ronit; Cook, Joan; Marshall, Randall D. (2007). "Prevalence and psychological correlates of complicated grief among bereaved adults 2.5–3.5 years after September 11th attacks". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 20 (3): 251–262. doi:10.1002/jts.20223. PMID 17597124.
  10. ^ Neria, Yuval; Olfson, Mark; Gameroff, Marc J.; Digrande, Laura; Wickramaratne, Priya; Gross, Raz; Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Neugebaur, Richard; Manetti-Cusa, Julián; Lewis-Fernandez, Roberto; Lantigua, Rafael; Shea, Steven; Weissman, Myrna M. (2010). "Long-term course of probable PTSD after the 9/11 attacks: A study in urban primary care". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 23 (4): 474–482. doi:10.1002/jts.20544. PMC 3637658. PMID 20690169.
  11. ^ Neria, Yuval; Besser, Avi; Kiper, Dasha; Westphal, Maren (2010). "A longitudinal study of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and generalized anxiety disorder in Israeli civilians exposed to war trauma". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 23 (3): 322–30. doi:10.1002/jts.20522. PMID 20564364.
  12. ^ Neria, Yuval; Besser, Avi; Kiper, Dasha; Westphal, Maren (2010). "A longitudinal study of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and generalized anxiety disorder in Israeli civilians exposed to war trauma". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 23 (3): 322–30. doi:10.1002/jts.20522. PMID 20564364.
  13. ^ Neria, Yuval; Olfson, Mark; Gameroff, Marc J.; Wickramaratne, Priya; Gross, Raz; Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Blanco, Carlos; Manetti-Cusa, Julián; Lantigua, Rafael; Shea, Steven; Weissman, Myrna M. (2008). "The Mental Health Consequences of Disaster-Related Loss: Findings from Primary Care One Year After the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks". Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 71 (4): 339–348. doi:10.1521/psyc.2008.71.4.339. PMC 3653136. PMID 19152283.
  14. ^ Bonanno, George A.; Neria, Yuval; Mancini, Anthony; Coifman, Karin G.; Litz, Brett; Insel, Beverly (2007). "Is there more to complicated grief than depression and posttraumatic stress disorder? A test of incremental validity". Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 116 (2): 342–351. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.574.3021. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.116.2.342. PMID 17516766.
  15. ^ Levin, Andrew; Besser, Avi; Albert, Linda; Smith, Deborah; Neria, Yuval (2012). "The effect of attorneys' work with trauma-exposed clients on PTSD symptoms, depression, and functional impairment: A cross-lagged longitudinal study". Law and Human Behavior. 36 (6): 538–547. doi:10.1037/h0093993. PMID 22468759.
  16. ^ Westphal, Maren; Olfson, Mark; Gameroff, Marc J.; Wickramaratne, Priya; Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Neugebauer, Richard; Lantigua, Rafael; Shea, Steven; Neria, Yuval (2011). "Functional impairment in adults with past posttraumatic stress disorder: Findings from primary care". Depression and Anxiety. 28 (8): 686–695. doi:10.1002/da.20842. PMC 3647251. PMID 21681868.
  17. ^ Glover, Karinn; Olfson, Mark; Gameroff, Marc J.; Neria, Yuval (2010). "Assault and Mental Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study of Urban Adult Primary Care Patients". Psychiatric Services. 61 (10): 1018–1023. doi:10.1176/ps.2010.61.10.1018. PMC 3630070. PMID 20889641.
  18. ^ Shvil, Erel; Sullivan, Gregory M.; Schafer, Scott; Markowitz, John C.; Campeas, Miriam; Wager, Tor D.; Milad, Mohammed R.; Neria, Yuval (2014). "Sex differences in extinction recall in posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot fMRI study". Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 113: 101–108. doi:10.1016/j.nlm.2014.02.003. PMC 4053517. PMID 24560771.
  19. ^ Rubin, Mikael; Shvil, Erel; Papini, Santiago; Chhetry, Binod T.; Helpman, Liat; Markowitz, John C.; Mann, J. John; Neria, Yuval (2016). "Greater hippocampal volume is associated with PTSD treatment response". Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 252: 36–39. doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2016.05.001. PMC 4896219. PMID 27179314.
  20. ^ Helpman, Liat; Papini, Santiago; Chhetry, Binod T.; Shvil, Erel; Rubin, Mikael; Sullivan, Gregory M.; Markowitz, John C.; Mann, J. John; Neria, Yuval (2016). "Ptsd Remission After Prolonged Exposure Treatment is Associated with Anterior Cingulate Cortex Thinning and Volume Reduction". Depression and Anxiety. 33 (5): 384–391. doi:10.1002/da.22471. PMC 4846556. PMID 26864570.
  21. ^ Helpman, Liat; Marin, Marie-France; Papini, Santiago; Zhu, Xi; Sullivan, Gregory M.; Schneier, Franklin; Neria, Mariana; Shvil, Erel; Malaga Aragon, Maria Josefa; Markowitz, John C.; Lindquist, Martin A.; Wager, Tor D.; Milad, Mohammed R.; Neria, Yuval (2016). "Neural changes in extinction recall following prolonged exposure treatment for PTSD: A longitudinal fMRI study". NeuroImage: Clinical. 12: 715–723. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2016.10.007. PMC 5065048. PMID 27761402.
  22. ^ Lazarov, Amit; Zhu, Xi; Suarez-Jimenez, Benjamin; Rutherford, Bret R.; Neria, Yuval (2017). "Resting-state functional connectivity of anterior and posterior hippocampus in posttraumatic stress disorder". Journal of Psychiatric Research. 94: 15–22. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2017.06.003. PMC 5605418. PMID 28633076.
  23. ^ Zhu, Xi; Suarez-Jimenez, Benjamin; Lazarov, Amit; Helpman, Liat; Papini, Santiago; Lowell, Ari; Durosky, Ariel; Lindquist, Martin A.; Markowitz, John C.; Schneier, Franklin; Wager, Tor D.; Neria, Yuval (2018). "Exposure-based therapy changes amygdala and hippocampus resting-state functional connectivity in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder". Depression and Anxiety. 35 (10): 974–984. doi:10.1002/da.22816. PMC 6168398. PMID 30260530.