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Yuval Cherlow (born 1957) is a modern orthodox rabbi and posek. He is Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Hesder Amit Orot Shaul in Kfar Batya, Raanana, Israel. Cherlow was one of the founders of Tzohar, an organization of religious Zionist Orthodox rabbis in Israel.
Yuval Cherlow was born in Herzliya, Israel to American-born parents. He was educated in Yeshivat Har Etzion. As part of his Hesder studies, he served as an armor officer in the IDF. In the reserves he was a company commander in the armoured corps. He lives in Efrat with his wife, who is a lecturer in the department of Jewish Philosophy in Bar Ilan University.
Cherlow's rabbinic career began in Kibbutz Tirat Tzvi, where he served as a rabbi and teacher. Later he served as a rabbi in Yeshivat HaGolan in Hispin, in the southern Golan Heights. After the Rabin assassination, he helped found Tzohar, whose aim was to lessen the tensions between religious and non-religious communities. In 1998 he founded a Yeshivat Hesder in Petach Tikva, later to become Yeshivat Hesder Amit Orot Shaul in Kfar Batya, Raanana. He justified his decision to start a new yeshiva in the central area of Israel by saying that it is the place where the most important debates about the identity of the country take place.
Since 2001 Cherlow has answered more than 30,000 questions about Halakha and other issues related to Judaism via the Moreshet website. He published two books based on his internet responsa. He has also published books that deal with Bible commentary as well as the writings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak Kook.
Cherlow is a member of the ethics committee of the Israeli Ministry of Health and the committee which allocates the budget for new drugs. He is active in the BeMaagalei Tzedek ("Circles of Justice") movement. In 2011, he took part in the Israeli social justice protests.
Views and opinions
Cherlow has voiced empathy for the difficulties faced by religious homosexual people and called for the orthodox community to treat them with compassion. However, he still maintains that homosexual relationships are prohibited by Halakha. Cherlow has voiced liberal positions on some issues such as allowing the use of artificial insemination by unmarried women in certain circumstances and supporting coed activities in Bnei Akiva. His view on Jewish marriage in Israel is that all Jews should be married according to Halakha, but if the Chief Rabbinate refuses to marry a couple, there should be an alternate method of being recognized as a couple according to secular law. He is opposed to civil disobedience, an issue that rose to the fore during Israel's unilateral disengagement from Gaza and evacuation of Israeli settlements in the region.
In 2012, Cherlow called on the State of Israel to recognise non-Orthodox streams of Judaism and Reform conversions. In response, Tzohar distanced itself from his remarks. Yizhar Hess of the Masorti Movement in Israel has suggested that Cherlow does not represent the mainstream of Zionist Orthodoxy in Israel and Rabbi Yehoshua Shapira described Cherlow as a "neo-Reform rabbi in the Orthodox sector."
Rabbi Cherlow deals mainly with ethical issues. He writes articles and tweets about ethics in Israel. In 2015 he established the ethics department at Tzohar. His book "BeTzalmo" (In His Image), published in 2015 by Maggid Press deals with the religious meanings of God's image in people.
- Tzohar rabbis oppose recognition of non-Orthodox Jewish movements, Haaretz
- Rabbi Yuval Cherlow: A Man of Words and Action Archived July 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Pfeffer, Anshel (September 15, 2004). "Rabbi at a crossroads". Jerusalem Post. p. 14. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Rabbi Yuval Cherlow, what made you change your mind and join the protest?, Haaretz
- An Interview with R. Yuval Cherlow
- Prominent Orthodox rabbi calls on Israel to recognize Reform Judaism, Haaretz, (December 11, 2012)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.