Yuv(a)raj(a), or Yuv(a)raj (Hindi: युवराज) in various languages of India, especially Sanskrit, Hindi, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, and Sinhala, is an Indian title for crown prince, the heir apparent to the throne of an Indian (notably Hindu) kingdom or (notably in the Mughal Empire or British Raj) princely state. It is usually applied to the eldest son of a Raja (King) or Maharaja (Great King), a kshatriya chief ruling one of the former kingdoms or vassal-rank princely states.
While the title Rajkumar (Hindi: राजकुमार, literally meaning "Son of the King") (for short also known as Kumar', Hindi: कुमार) was used for all the princely sons of the ruler, the title Yuvraj was applied only to the eldest son and heir apparent to a (Hindu) throne. Similarly, for Indian princesses, the word used was Rajkumari viz. Maharajkumari, literally meaning daughter of the (Great) King. In India, princesses generally could not inherit a throne (only act as regent), so there is no word for female heir apparent.
Equivalent Indian titles for heirs apparent are :
- Wali-Ahad (or Valihad) : in a Muslim state
- Tik(k)a (Raja) Sahib : in a Sikh or Punjab Hill state
- Elaya Raja : in the South, particularly in the states of Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur (Travancore) and Kochin (Cochin)
- Yuvaraj Dhayalan, Tamil film assistant director
- Yuvraj Hans, a Punjabi actor and singer, son of Punjabi singer Hans Raj Hans
- Yuvraj Singh, an Indian cricketer
- Yuvraj Walmiki, an Indian professional field hockey player from Maharashtra
References and External Links
- D D Sharma (2005). Panorama of Indian Anthroponomy: (an Historical, Socio-cultural & Linguistic Analysis of Indian Personal Names. Mittal Publications. pp. 275–. ISBN 978-81-8324-078-9.
- Amil Shori (11 August 2014). Indian Rajarshi And Greek Philosopher King: Principles of Good Governance. Partridge Publishing India. pp. 31–. ISBN 978-1-4828-1976-2.
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