Yuzhan

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Yuzhan
Prince Gong of the First Rank
Prince Gong of the First Rank
Reign 1936–1945
Predecessor Puwei
Successor None
Born (1923-11-28)28 November 1923
Dalian, Liaoning, China
Died 8 July 2016(2016-07-08) (aged 92)[1]
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Yuzhan (愛新覺羅·毓嶦)
House Aisin Gioro
Father Puwei
Yuzhan
Traditional Chinese 毓嶦
Simplified Chinese 毓嶦
Jungu (courtesy name)
Chinese 君固

Yuzhan (28 November 1923 – 8 July 2016), courtesy name Jungu, was a Chinese calligrapher of Manchu descent. He was a member of the Aisin Gioro clan, the imperial clan of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty.[2] He was also the seventh son of Puwei (溥偉) and a great-grandson of Yixin (Prince Gong).

Yuzhan was born in Dalian, Liaoning on 28 November 1923. He developed a keen interest in calligraphy, and learned the style of the Qing imperial clan. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Yuzhan and his father, Puwei, served in the puppet state of Manchukuo, where Puyi, the last emperor of the Qing dynasty, had been installed by the Japanese as Manchukuo's emperor. Puyi later referred to Yuzhan as "Xiaogu" (小固) in his autobiography. When Puwei died in 1936, Yuzhan inherited his father's princely title, "Prince Gong of the First Rank" (恭親王), and held this title until 1945. At the end of the war in 1945, Yuzhan was captured by Soviet forces and extradited to the War Criminals Management Centre in Fushun, Liaoning. He was released four years later in 1949.

Yuzhan was sent to perform forced labour during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) under the Communist regime. He was a member of many calligraphy societies in China and produced many works. He specialized in the semi-cursive and cursive scripts. Yuzhan died on 8 July 2016.

Ancestry[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ 末代恭亲王毓嶦去世,一个时代的结束! (in Chinese). http://toutiao.com http://toutiao.com/i6305112497451958785/. Retrieved 14 July 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help); External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ 揭秘清朝最后的恭亲王 与皇子擦肩而过后(图). 中国经济网 新浪 (in Chinese). 22 November 2006. Archived from the original on July 12, 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010.