Yuzhny, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

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Yuzhny

Южный
Urban-type settlement[1]
(abolished)
Location of Yuzhny
Yuzhny is located in Russia
Yuzhny
Yuzhny
Location of Yuzhny
Yuzhny is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Yuzhny
Yuzhny
Yuzhny (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
Coordinates: 69°26′02″N 171°57′11″E / 69.43389°N 171.95306°E / 69.43389; 171.95306Coordinates: 69°26′02″N 171°57′11″E / 69.43389°N 171.95306°E / 69.43389; 171.95306
CountryRussia
Federal subjectChukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administrative districtChaunsky District[2]
Founded1950 (Julian)Edit this on Wikidata
Abolished1998[3]
 • Municipal districtChaunsky Municipal District[4]
Time zoneUTC+12 (MSK+9 Edit this on Wikidata[5])
OKTMO ID77705000074

Yuzhny (Russian: Ю́жный) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Chaunsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, situated southeast of Chaunskaya Bay, about 70 kilometers (43 mi) south of Pevek, the administrative center of the district. Though the settlement is abandoned, the mining company "Chukotka" still works in the area.[6] As of 2011 Yuzhny was included in the list of settlements to be liquidated[1]

History[edit]

Yuzhny was the first of the gold mines to be opened in Chukotka in 1950,[7] by a group of geologists.[8] Having started out as a normal business employing prospectors, the mines became part of Chaunchukotlag, the local division of the gulag system.

The mines were declared unprofitable and that there was no possibility of developing any other form of economy in 1999 and the settlement was closed along with a number of others in Chukotka.[3] The Russian government guaranteed funds to transport non-working pensioners and the unemployed in liquidated settlements including Yuzhny from Chukotka to other parts of Russia.[3] The Ministry of railways was obliged to lease containers for the transportation of the migrants' goods to the Chukotkan administration and ensure that they were delivered to the various settlements.[3]

Climate[edit]

Yuzhny has a Tundra climate (ET)[9] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Yuzhny
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2
(28)
−0.8
(30.6)
0
(32)
28.1
(82.6)
18.1
(64.6)
28.1
(82.6)
29.8
(85.6)
24.7
(76.5)
18
(64)
16
(61)
9
(48)
9
(48)
29.8
(85.6)
Average high °C (°F) −15.9
(3.4)
−17.6
(0.3)
−16.1
(3.0)
−10.7
(12.7)
0
(32)
9.3
(48.7)
11.3
(52.3)
8
(46)
1.6
(34.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
−14.1
(6.6)
−17
(1)
−4.3
(24.3)
Average low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
3.6
(38.5)
5.7
(42.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.9
(28.6)
−10.5
(13.1)
−17.5
(0.5)
−20
(−4)
−10.5
(13.1)
Record low °C (°F) −45
(−49)
−46
(−51)
−42.3
(−44.1)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26
(−15)
−6
(21)
−2.2
(28.0)
−6.8
(19.8)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−42
(−44)
−41
(−42)
−43
(−45)
−46
(−51)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 36
(1.4)
6
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
6
(0.2)
21
(0.8)
12
(0.5)
12
(0.5)
6
(0.2)
9
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
132
(5.2)
Average snowy days 15 11 10 11 9 2 1 3 11 15 15 15 118
Source: [10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #33, Article 14.2
  2. ^ a b Directive #517-rp
  3. ^ a b c d Постановление Правительства РФ от 2 февраля 1998 г. N 128 О мерах социальной защиты населения ликвидируемых поселков золотодобытчиков в Чукотском автономном округe (Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug).
  4. ^ Law #46
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. ^ Региональный портал Дальний Восток[permanent dead link], Dalny Vostok, Regional Portal, 12 May 2012
  7. ^ Dead-cities.ru. Yuzhny (in Russian)
  8. ^ Чемоданов Н.И. В двух шагах от Северного полюса. Записки геолога. Archived May 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine N.I. Chemodanov, Two Steps from the Pole: Notes from a Geologist. Magadan Publishing House, 1968. 64 с.
  9. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.235-7
  10. ^ "Weather averages for Yuzhny from meoweather.com". meoweather.com. Retrieved October 1, 2012.

Sources[edit]

  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0.
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.). (in Russian)
  • Правительство Чукотского автономного округа. Распоряжение №517-рп от 30 декабря 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных и территориальных образований Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Распоряжения №323-рп от 27 июня 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Распоряжение Правительства Чукотского автономного округа от 30 декабря 2008 года №517-рп». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Directive #517-rp of December 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Formations of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Directive #323-rp of June 27, 2011 On Amending the Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Directive No. 517-rp of December 30, 2008. ). (in Russian)
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №46-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Чаунского района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №125-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение 2 к Закону Чукотского автономного округа "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Чаунского района Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №31/1 (178/1), 10 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #46-OZ of November 29, 2004 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Chaunsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #125-OZ of December 2, 2011 On Amending Appendix 2 of the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Chaunsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.). (in Russian)