Yvan Benedetti

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Yvan Benedetti (born 16 September 1965) is a French far-right activist. Former president of L'Œuvre Française (2012-13), he has been the spokesman of the French Nationalist Party since 2015.

Biography[edit]

Yvan Benedetti was born on 16 September 1965 in La Réunion from a Corsican father.[1][2] During his youth, he was a member of the Nouvelle Droite scout organization Europe-Jeunesse.[1]

In the 1990s-2000s, he was the right arm of Pierre Sidos, founder and leader of L'Œuvre Française (L'Œuvre).[3] After negotiations with Sidos, Jean-Marie Le Pen allowed some L'Œuvre militants, notably Benedetti, to integrate the FN in 2007.[4][5] In 2011, he directed the electoral campaign of Bruno Gollnisch for the presidency of the FN.[6]

Benedetti was however expelled from the party in 2011 after he defined himself as an "anti-Zionist, anti-Semite, anti-Jews" in an interview.[7] Benedetti, along with nationalist activist Alexandre Gabriac, decided to establish "Jeunesses Nationalistes" in 2011 as the youth movement and activist branch of L'Œuvre Française, in order to attract militants deceived with the new FN leadership.[8] The following year, Pierre Sidos, then 85, left the presidency of L'Œuvre after 44 years in office, succeeded by Benedetti.[9]

L'Œuvre Française was dissolved on 23 July 2013 after the issue of an official decree by the then Minister of the Interior, Manuel Valls. The ban occurred in a context of street violence by far-right revolutionary groups, and followed the death of a far-left activist in a fight involving another nationalist association led by Serge Ayoub.[10] Valls justified the dissolution by denouncing L'Œuvre as a group "organized like a private militia thanks to paramilitary-like training camps."[11] He further added that the association had been "spreading a xenophobic and antisemitic ideology, diffusing racist and Holocaust-denying thesis, exalting collaboration [with the Nazis] and the Vichy regime, paying regular tribute to Pétain, Brasillach or Maurras".[12]

In 2014, Benedetti and Gabriac ran in the municipal elections of Vénissieux, in the outskirts of Lyon, inviting electors to "slip a quenelle" inside the ballot box. They obtained, with 11.5% of the votes, sieges in the city council.[13] The ticket initiated by the two dissident FN adherents was called "Vénissieux Fait Front" and featured most of the candidates that ran for the FN during the previous election, which led Marine Le Pen to denounce Benedetti and Gabriac as "parasites" and to call for the invalidation of their candidacy.[14] The vote was eventually declared void a few months later by the Conseil d'État due to irregularities in the list of candidates.[15]

In September 2015, Benedetti appealed to join the French Nationalist Party, of which he is the spokesman.[16] The movement had been established back in 1983 and re-activated earlier in 2015 to cope with the dissolution of several far-right groups in 2013.[17]

After the death of Robert Faurisson in October 2018, he described the Holocaust denier as a "modern-day herald who marked the second half of the 20th century."[18]

In late 2018, he participated in the Yellow Vest movement, his presence noticed by the media due to an altercation with a team of journalists.[19]

In June 2019, Yvan Benedetti was condemned to a suspended 8 months jail sentence for "recreating a disbanded league", L'Œuvre having kept on operating for several months following the dissolution.[20][21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pujol, Philippe (2017-01-19). Mon cousin le fasciste (in French). Le Seuil. ISBN 9782021333213.
  2. ^ "Yvan BENEDETTI - Dirigeant de la société Bb Audio - BFMBusiness.com". dirigeants.bfmtv.com. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  3. ^ Gautier, Jean-Paul (2017-05-12). Les extrêmes droites en France: De 1945 à nos jours (in French). Syllepse. pp. 409–11. ISBN 9782849505700.
  4. ^ Crépon, Sylvain (2015-10-29). Les faux-semblants du Front national: Sociologie d'un parti politique (in French). Presses de Sciences Po. pp. 67–68. ISBN 9782724618129.
  5. ^ "L'Œuvre française, une longue marche sous le signe de la croix celtique". Slate.fr (in French). 2014-11-21. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  6. ^ "Bruno Gollnisch lance sa campagne sur le parvis de la Basilique Saint-Denis" (in French). 2010-09-17. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  7. ^ "Un très proche de Gollnisch exclu du FN pour deux ans". Libération.fr (in French). 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  8. ^ JDD, Le. "L'Oeuvre française et les Jeunesses nationalistes n'acceptent pas leur dissolution". lejdd.fr (in French). Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  9. ^ "Pierre Sidos quitte la présidence de l'Oeuvre française" (in French). 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  10. ^ "Mort de Clément Méric : cinq personnes toujours en garde à vue". France 24 (in French). 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  11. ^ "Manuel Valls annonce la dissolution de l'Oeuvre française et des Jeunesses nationalistes". France 24 (in French). 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  12. ^ "Nouvelles dissolutions de structures d'extrême droite" (in French). 2013-07-24. ISSN 0242-6056. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  13. ^ Crépon, Sylvain (2015-10-29). Les faux-semblants du Front national: Sociologie d'un parti politique (in French). Presses de Sciences Po. pp. 67–68. ISBN 9782724618129.
  14. ^ "Vénissieux. Marine Le Pen demande d'invalider la liste Benedetti-Gabriac". www.leprogres.fr (in French). Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  15. ^ "Le Conseil d'Etat annule les élections municipales de Vénissieux". Capital.fr (in French). 2015-02-04. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  16. ^ "Yvan Benedetti - Œil sur le front". oeilsurlefront.liberation.fr (in French). Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  17. ^ "Œuvre Française (Œ) — France Politique". www.france-politique.fr. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  18. ^ http://www.conspiracywatch.info/deces-de-faurisson-la-complosphere-antisemite-en-deuil.html
  19. ^ Match, Paris. ""Gilets jaunes" : une équipe de "Quotidien" a fait face à des manifestants hostiles". parismatch.com (in French). Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  20. ^ "Peine alourdie en appel pour Yvan Benedetti pour non-dissolution de l'Oeuvre française". FIGARO. 2019-06-12. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  21. ^ "Condamné en appel, le nationaliste Yvan Benedetti songe aux municipales". Rue89Lyon (in French). 2019-06-11. Retrieved 2019-08-12.