Yves-Alexandre de Marbeuf

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Yves-Alexandre de Marbeuf (Rennes, 1734-Lübeck, 1799) was a French bishop of Autun and archbishop of Lyon, and statesman. He was an opponent of the European Enlightenment thinking,[1] and of Jansenism.[2]

He went into exile after the French Revolution.

Biography[edit]

Nephew of the Earl of Marbeuf, protector of Napoleon Bonaparte in his youth, he was appointed Bishop of Autun in April 19, 1767, the seat he held until 1788; his successor is the famous Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord. He then accesses the lucrative archbishopric of Lyon (50 000 annual pension of pounds). He also received in 1782 the Abbey of Bec, he was the last abbot.

Under the Old Regime, he was Minister of sheet profit, which managed the allocation of ecclesiastical positions in France.

From the early revolutionary times Marbeuf arises as a conservative. He is not opposed to the aux États généraux, but stood strongly against the Constitution civile du clergé.[3]

He decided to emigrate and was replaced on the seat of Lyon by Bishop Antoine-Adrien Lamourette juror, but in the eyes of the Catholic Church, Bishop Marbeuf is the legitimate bishop of Lyon until his death in 1799.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Darrin M. McMahon, Enemies of the Enlightenment: The French Counter-Enlightenment and the Making of Modernity (2001), p. 56.
  2. ^ James R. Lehning, Peasant and French: Cultural Contact in Rural France During the Nineteenth Century (1995), p. 171.
  3. ^ Jacques Gadille, René Fédou, Henri Hours, Bernard de Vregille, s.j., Le Diocèse de Lyon (Histoire des diocèses de France, 16), (Beauchesne, 1983, Paris), p350.
  4. ^ Yves-Alexandre de Marbeuf at Catholic Hierarchy.org.

External links[edit]