Yves Lacoste

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Not to be confused with Jean-Yves Lacoste.
Yves Lacoste (1972)

Yves Lacoste (born 7 September 1929) is a French geographer and geopolitician. He was born in Fes, Morocco.[1] In 1976 he established the French geopolitical journal Hérodote and published a work that shook the French academy, 'La Géographie ça sert d'abord à faire la guerre'. The central thesis of the latter work was that "geography was a form of strategic and political knowledge, central to the military strategy and and the exercise of political power". [2] Lacoste had earlier earned international renown in 1972 during the US Vietnam War by publishing a spatial forensics analysis of the US bombing campaign of the Red River Delta. He confirmed claims by the Vietnamese government that the US was deliberately targeting the hydrological infrastructure of the river in an attempt to trigger flooding and cause mass civilian casualties, a war crime.[3]

He is currently co-editor of Hérodote with Beatrice Giblin, head of the French Institute for Geopolitics (Institut Français de Géopolitique) at the University of Paris VIII.[4][5]

Lacoste played a key role in reviving the word 'geopolitics' in the Francophone and Anglophone worlds. It had previously been tarnished by association with the Nazi regime due to the involvement with the party of German geopolitician Karl Haushofer.[3] In an earlier work, La Géographie du sous-développement, Lacoste suggests a spatial explanation of underdevelopment.

Writings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Criekemans (20 February 2007). Geopolitiek: "geografisch geweten" van de buitenlandse politiek?. Garant. pp. 544–546. ISBN 978-90-441-1969-5. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Hepple, Leslie W. (2000). "Geopolitiques de gauche: Yves Lacoste, Herodote and French radical geopolitics". In Dodds, Klaus; Atkinson, David. Geopolitical traditions: a century of geopolitical thought. New York: Routledge. p. 268. ISBN 9780415172486. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Claval, Paul (2000-01-01). "Herodote and the French Left". In Dodds, Klaus; Atkinson, David. Geopolitical traditions: a century of geopolitical thought. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415172489. 
  4. ^ "[herodote.org]". www.herodote.org. Retrieved 2016-08-19. 
  5. ^ "Institut Français de Géopolitique | L'Institut". www.geopolitique.net. Retrieved 2016-08-19.