Yves Lacoste

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Yves Lacoste (1972)

Yves Lacoste (born 7 September 1929) is a French geographer and geopolitician. He was born in Fes, Morocco.[1] In 1976 he established the French geopolitical journal Hérodote and published a work that shook the French academy, La Géographie ça sert d'abord à faire la guerre; its central thesis was that "geography was a form of strategic and political knowledge, central to the military strategy and the exercise of political power".[2] Lacoste had earlier earned international renown in 1972 during the Vietnam War by publishing a spatial forensics analysis of the US bombing campaign of the Red River Delta. He agreed with claims from the North Vietnamese government that the US was deliberately targeting the hydrological infrastructure of the river in an attempt to trigger flooding and cause mass civilian casualties, which it called a war crime.[3]

He is currently co-editor of Hérodote with Beatrice Giblin and the head of the French Institute of Geopolitics (Institut Français de Géopolitique) at the University of Paris VIII.[4][5]

Lacoste played a key role in reviving the word geopolitics in the French and the English languages. The word had previously been tarnished by association with the Nazi régime because of German geopolitician Karl Haushofer.[3]

In an earlier work, La Géographie du sous-développement, Lacoste had suggested a spatial explanation of underdevelopment.

Writings[edit]

  • Les Pays sous-développés (1959)
  • Géographie du sous-développement (1965)
  • Ibn Khaldoun - Naissance de l'histoire du Tiers-Monde (1965)
  • La Géographie ça sert d'abord à faire la guerre (1976) ISBN 2-7071-0815-4
  • Contre les anti-tiersmondistes et contre certains tiersmondistes (1985)
  • Géopolitique des régions françaises (1986)
    • vol 1: La France septentrionale
    • vol 2: La Façade atlantique
    • vol 3: La France du sud-est
  • Dictionnaire de Géopolitique (1993) ISBN 2-08-035101-X
  • Dictionnaire géopolitique des États (1994) ISBN 2-08-035104-4
  • La Légende de la terre (1996) ISBN 2-08-035446-9
  • Vive la Nation - Destin d'une idée géopolitique (1998) ISBN 2-213-59613-1
  • L'Eau des hommes (2002) ISBN 2-7022-0628-X
  • |De la Géopolitique aux Paysages. Dictionnaire de la Géographie (2003) ISBN 2-200-26538-7
  • Maghreb, peuple et civilisation (avec Camille Lacoste-Dujardin) (2004) ISBN 2-7071-4432-0
  • Géopolitique. La longue histoire d'aujourd'hui (2006) ISBN 2-03-505421-4
  • L'Eau dans le monde : les batailles pour la vie (2006) ISBN 2-03-582578-4
  • Géopolitique de la Méditerranée (2006) ISBN 2-200-26840-8

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Criekemans (20 February 2007). Geopolitiek: "geografisch geweten" van de buitenlandse politiek?. Garant. pp. 544–546. ISBN 978-90-441-1969-5. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  2. ^ Hepple, Leslie W. (2000). "Geopolitiques de gauche: Yves Lacoste, Herodote and French radical geopolitics". In Dodds, Klaus; Atkinson, David. Geopolitical traditions: a century of geopolitical thought. New York: Routledge. p. 268. ISBN 9780415172486. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b Claval, Paul (2000-01-01). "Herodote and the French Left". In Dodds, Klaus; Atkinson, David. Geopolitical traditions: a century of geopolitical thought. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415172489.
  4. ^ "[herodote.org]". www.herodote.org. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  5. ^ "Institut Français de Géopolitique | L'Institut". www.geopolitique.net. Retrieved 2016-08-19.