Yvetot

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Yvetot
Le Fay Manor in Yvetot
Le Fay Manor in Yvetot
Coat of arms of Yvetot
Coat of arms
Location of Yvetot
Yvetot is located in France
Yvetot
Yvetot
Yvetot is located in Normandy
Yvetot
Yvetot
Coordinates: 49°37′N 0°45′E / 49.62°N 0.75°E / 49.62; 0.75Coordinates: 49°37′N 0°45′E / 49.62°N 0.75°E / 49.62; 0.75
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentSeine-Maritime
ArrondissementRouen
CantonYvetot
IntercommunalityYvetot Normandie
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Émile Canu
Area
1
7.47 km2 (2.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
11,888
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
76758 /76190
Elevation83–157 m (272–515 ft)
(avg. 146 m or 479 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Yvetot is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France. It is the capital of the Caux region.

History[edit]

The name Yvetot comes from the Germanic Yvo and the Old Norse -topt. Therefore, Yvetot means 'property of Yvo'.[1]

The lords of Yvetot bore the title of king from the 15th until the middle of the 16th century, their petty monarchy being popularized in one of Béranger's songs. In 1592, Henry IV here defeated the troops of the Catholic League.[2]

The town’s prosperity was linked to strong commerce, developed as early as the 17th century, thanks to its fiscal statutes and to cotton spinning, which saw massive expansion after 1794. In the 19th century, the town developed fabric production. Until 1926, Yvetot had been chef-lieu of the old arrondissement of Yvetot, and a sub_prefecture. During this period of reorganisation, it lost its status of sub-prefecture. In World War II, Yvetot was practically razed in 1940 by the Germans. Later, the 75th Division of the U.S. Army, 575th Signal Co., maintained its command post in the town from December 14–20, 1944, as it counterattacked against the German army. After the war, Yvetot was rebuilt in a classical style and regained its importance in the middle of the 20th century.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Yvetot
The arms of Yvetot are blazoned :
Gules, 2 garbs (sheaves of wheat) and 2 shuttles crossed in saltire Or.



Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
200610,943—    
200711,205+2.4%
200811,596+3.5%
200911,935+2.9%
201011,816−1.0%
201111,725−0.8%
201211,644−0.7%
201311,849+1.8%
201411,991+1.2%
201512,072+0.7%
201611,888−1.5%

The Round Church and its stained-glass window[edit]

The stained-glass window, considered the largest in Europe with an area of 1,046 m2 (11,259 sq ft), was constructed in the 1950s by Max Ingrand. The window's main colors are in shades of crimson, gold and blue. Meticulous assembly from a thousand pieces of glass, the stained-glass window portrays saints, with a wide section consecrated to the Normans of the diocese of Rouen. Either side of Christ are St. Peter (patron saint of Yvetot for a thousand years) and the apostles, including St. Valery (apostle of Calluses and Vimeux in the 7th century), St. Saëns (an Irish monk and founder of an abbey in the valley of the Varenne), St. Ouen (who introduced monasteries to Rouen) and St. Wandrille. The bishops of Rouen are also depicted. Among the bishops are St. Roman (in the process of strangling the gargoyle that devastated Rouen), St Rémy, and St Hugues. Others represented in the stained-glass include the Virgin Mary and Joan of Arc shining in her armour.

Anecdotes[edit]

Yvetot’s entry in the Dictionnaire des idées reçues by Gustave Flaubert, reads: "YVETOT: Voir Yvetot et mourir ! (See Yvetot and die) (cf. Naples and Seville)". It is in Yvetot that novelist Guy de Maupassant received his primary education; the town itself and its surrounding area, le Pays de Caux feature extensively in his works.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Yvetot is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guérin, Arnaud (2013). La Normandie. Rennes: Éd. "Ouest-France. p. 70. ISBN 978-2-7373-5843-2.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yvetot" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 947.

External links[edit]

(All French language)