Yvonne Clays Spoelders
|Yvonne Clays Spoelders|
|First Lady of Costa Rica|
May 8, 1940 – May 8, 1944
|President||Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia|
|Preceded by||Julia Fernández Rodríguez|
|Succeeded by||Etelvina Ramírez Montiel|
June 3, 1906|
|Died||February 11, 1994
San José, Costa Rica
|Spouse(s)||Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (1927–1945; divorced)|
Clays was born on June 3, 1906 in Antwerp, Belgium to her parents Jozef Clays and Maria-Catherine Spoelders. She studied in Belgium, France, and Great Britain. While on vacation at her family's beach house in Blankenberge she met Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia, then a young foreign student. She married the future Costa Rican president in Antwerp on July 28, 1927.
She was member and Secretary General of the Samaritan Ladies Society, an entity created by First Lady Julia Fernández Rodríguez (wife of President León Cortés Castro) which was ultimately responsible for the creation of the Casa de la Madre y el Niño (House of the Mother and Child).
During her husband's administration she was actively involved in diverse social causes and in 1940 she achieved the reestablishment of the National Symphony Orchestra of Costa Rica. She was the first president of the Orchestra's board of directors and remained so until 1947 without salary.
She acted as official translator during President Calderón's 1940 meeting with President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Clays later became Costa Rica's first female diplomat and was in charge of several missions in the United States. She had a long friendship with American Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles and thanks to her mediation the 1942 signing of the Fernández-Pierson contract was possible, in which Costa Rica was granted a credit of up to US$2,000,000. Clays' intervention also achieved the establishment of the Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agrícolas in Costa Rica in 1943, today known as the Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura.