Yvonne Craig

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Yvonne Craig
Craig, c. 1967
Born
Yvonne Joyce Craig

(1937-05-16)May 16, 1937
DiedAugust 17, 2015(2015-08-17) (aged 78)
Alma materUniversity of California, Los Angeles
School of American Ballet
Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo
OccupationActress
Years active1957–2011
Known for
Spouses
Jimmy Boyd
(m. 1960; div. 1962)
Kenneth Aldrich
(m. 1988)
[1][2][3]
Websiteyvonnecraig.com

Yvonne Joyce Craig (May 16, 1937 – August 17, 2015) was an American actress who was renowned for her role as Barbara Gordon/Batgirl in the 1960s television series Batman. Other notable roles in her career include Dorothy Johnson in the 1963 movie It Happened at the World's Fair, Azalea Tatum in the 1964 movie Kissin' Cousins, and as the green-skinned Orion Marta in the Star Trek episode "Whom Gods Destroy" (1969).

The Huffington Post called her "a pioneer of female superheroes" for television.[4]

Craig was a philanthropist and "an advocate for workers unions, free mammograms, and equal pay for women".[4][5]

Early life and education[edit]

Yvonne Joyce Craig 1953 Sunset High School yearbook photo

Yvonne Craig was born in Taylorville, Illinois, the first of Maurice Melvin and Pauline Virginia (née Rogers) Craig's three children.[6] Craig's father's work caused the family to move in 1951 from Columbus, Ohio[7] to the Oak Cliff neighborhood in Dallas, Texas. Craig first attended W. H. Adamson High School for a semester and then Sunset High School for three years.

She did not graduate high school due to the lack of "a single PE credit". Craig explained the lack of credit, saying "The funny thing about the PE credit is, I was going to the Edith James School of Ballet, and she'd have recitals at the art museum, and [the PE teacher] would come see me dance my little legs off, and then I'd come in to PE class, wrapped up, and claim I'd sprained and couldn't play a sport".[8] Craig had enough credits to get into college and attended UCLA.[9]

Career[edit]

Ballet[edit]

Craig started studying ballet at the age of 10 at the Edith James School of Ballet in Dallas. She was discovered there by the Russian ballerina Alexandra Danilova. While still in high school, Danilova helped her obtain a scholarship to the School of American Ballet in New York city. While there, the 16 year-old Craig lived with roommate and future comedienne Carol Burnett at the Rehearsal Club on West 53rd Street.[10]

In 1954 and 17 years old, Craig joined the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo as its youngest corps de ballet member.[11] She was a professional ballerina with the company for three years.[12][13][11][8] This training was helpful when she performed stunts while playing Batgirl.[5] She left the ballet company in 1957 "over a disagreement on casting changes" and moved to Los Angeles in the hopes of continuing her dancing career.[9]

Acting[edit]

Craig explained how her acting career started in Los Angeles, saying "...this guy invited me to his office and said, 'I'm making a movie, do you want to be in it?' I said, 'No, I'm a ballet dancer and working my way toward soloist... I don't want to be an actress'. But we became friends, so one night we're out to dinner, and this man comes to the table and said John Ford's son Patrick was going to make a movie with John Wayne's son, who was also named Patrick. He asked, 'Are you an actress?' I couldn't talk - I had my mouth full - and the guy who took me out said,'She is, and I'm her manager, what can we do for you?'". The movie was 1959's The Young Lions, which also starred Dennis Hopper.[8] Craig was paid US $750 a week (equivalent to $7,529 in 2022) to act in the film, versus the $94 a week she had earned in ballet.[14]

1950s[edit]

One of her earliest television roles was in an episode of the TV series Perry Mason ("The Case of the Lazy Lover", 1958) alongside Neil Hamilton, who played her stepfather (later Hamilton played Police Commissioner James Gordon, Batgirl's father). Shortly afterwards, she appeared in three films—The Young Land, The Gene Krupa Story, and Gidget (all 1959)—and also guest-starred in the TV series Mr. Lucky as Beverly Mills in the episode "Little Miss Wow" (also 1959).

1960s[edit]

Craig in 1960

Craig appeared with Bing Crosby in High Time (1960) and in Seven Women from Hell (1961), featured alongside Cesar Romero. In 1962, she guest-starred on the Western Laramie in the episode "The Long Road Back".[15]

Craig appeared with Elvis Presley in two films: It Happened at the World's Fair (1963) and Kissin' Cousins (1964). She also starred in the low budget science fiction film Mars Needs Women (1966) with Tommy Kirk and appeared in In Like Flint (1967) as a Russian ballet dancer opposite James Coburn.[16]

During the 1960s, Craig regularly appeared in television drama series. She appeared five times on The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, portraying five separate girlfriends for the titular character between 1959 and 1962. In 1960, she played Jo, a young photographer with Charles Bronson in Man with a Camera. In 1964, Craig guest-starred as Carol, an underwater photographer, on Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea ("Turn Back the Clock").[17] In 1965, Craig appeared in The Big Valley ("The Invaders") and Kentucky Jones ("Kentucky′s Vacation"),

Craig played a Navy nurse with exotic Arabian dance skills in an episode of McHale's Navy ("Pumpkin Takes Over") and in an episode of The Big Valley with Lee Majors and Barbara Stanwyck; both aired in 1965. That same year, she appeared in an episode of The Man from U.N.C.L.E. ("The Brain-Killer Affair"), where she helps solve the mystery of a brain-endangering poison. The following year, she came back as an U.N.C.L.E. employee in a theatrical film, One Spy Too Many, expanded from the episode "The Alexander the Greater Affair". In an episode of The Wild Wild West ("The Night of the Grand Emir") in 1966, she played an assassin who performs an exotic Arabian dance. In a 1968 episode of The Ghost & Mrs. Muir ("Haunted Honeymoon"), she played Gladys Zimmerman, a bride-to-be who was stranded overnight at Gull Cottage.

Craig played a main character as well did the vocals for part of the soundtrack for Ski Party (1965) with Frankie Avalon. She was also Natasha, the Russian ballerina, in the spy film parody In Like Flint (1967) starring James Coburn.

Batgirl[edit]

Craig as Batgirl in 1967.

From September 1967 until March 1968, Craig appeared in her highest-profile role as Batgirl/Barbara Gordon for the third and final season of the 1960s ABC TV series Batman. As Batgirl, she wore a purple and yellow outfit and rode a "purple motorcycle with white lace trim",[5] whereas her alter ego Barbara Gordon was the librarian daughter of Commissioner Gordon.[18] The New York Times praised her for "add[ing] a scrappy girl-power element" to a TV series it described as "campy".[12]

Craig did her own stunts on the show. "Although they didn't want me to do my stunts (and I ultimately did my own stunts), I mean, I kind of talked them into it. They knew that I danced and what they didn't know was that I rode a motorcycle so I could do the stuff on the bikes."[19] She did complain about riding the Batgirl Cycle. "They had taken off the shock absorbers to put on the bat wings, so, whenever I went over a bump, it was like jumping off a table stiff-legged."[11] The Batgirl Cycle was a customized 1967 Yamaha YCS1 Bonanza 180.[20]

Co-star Burt Ward described working with Craig, saying "Yvonne was a dear friend and a wonderful actress to work with. We had a great time on Batman. We were friends. She got along great with Adam and myself and everybody else. She was just a delightful person with a sparkling personality. She had an energy and brightness to her that was just uplifting".[21]

While acting on Batman, Craig appeared as a contestant on the game show The Dating Game in 1967.[22]

After Batman ended, Craig continued to act in television. She appeared in guest roles in It Takes a Thief, The Mod Squad, Mannix, and Emergency!

Portrayed "Marta" in Star Trek[edit]

In 1969 Craig appeared on Star Trek as Marta, a green-skinned Orion woman in the episode "Whom Gods Destroy".[16] In the episode, former Starfleet Captain Garth (Steve Ihnat), is incarcerated in a mental asylum on a distant planet. Garth lures Captain Kirk (William Shatner) to visit him in order to escape by hijacking the Enterprise. In the Star Trek canon, Orion women are described as "...like animals. Vicious. Seductive. They say no human male can resist them".[23] Garth uses Marta, also an escaped inmate, in an attempt to have her seduce Kirk through dance and then murder him.

Craig related the problems in having to wear green body makeup from head to toe in the episode. "Susan [Oliver, who portrayed the Orion "Vina" in the show's pilot episode "The Cage"] and I were supposed to be from the same planet. Only they couldn’t remember how they got Susan green in the first season episode – they somehow had lost the makeup. So, they had to devise a substitute formula. I had skid marks because the makeup wouldn’t stay on. Then, they sprayed me with Liquid Bandage, which has to be removed with acetone, so my skin was all burned – I was a walking disaster. When you perspire, Liquid Bandage won’t stick, so here I was, walking around with moss hanging from my armpits. It was just hideous. I would take two showers at the studio, then go home and take an oil bath, and then take another shower to get the remainder of it off. Then, I would start all over again the next day".[24]

Craig discussed having to provide her own choreography, saying "When they had to audition me they said, 'Can you do a three-minute dance?' and I said, 'Unless you're doing The Red Shoes, three minutes is a long time,' but I said, 'Yes, I can do a three-minute dance if you want it, but you'll probably just have to cut it to pieces, because that's crazy'. It's nuts, but it was fun to do".[25]

1970s[edit]

From 1969 to 1972, she appeared in four episodes of the comedy series Love, American Style. In a 1970 episode of Land of the Giants ("Wild Journey"), she played one-half of a humanoid, time-observing duo (with Bruce Dern), who chase two of the Earth castaways (series stars Gary Conway and Don Marshall) into the past, ultimately forcing them to relive the flight that sent them to the giants' planet.[26]

Batgirl "Equal Pay Act" public service announcement[edit]

1973 Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division public service announcement, featuring Yvonne Craig as Batgirl, Dick Gautier as Batman and Burt Ward as Robin.

In 1973 Craig reprised her Batgirl role in a public service announcement (PSA) promoting equal pay for women sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division.

In the PSA, Batman and Robin were tied to a post threatened by a ticking time bomb. Batgirl arrives but refuses to release them because she is paid less than Robin, in violation of the Equal Pay Act of 1963. The PSA was written and directed by Sidney Galanty, and narrated by the Batman TV series creator and producer William Dozier. Dick Gautier played Batman, due to Adam West distancing himself from the character.[27]

In 1973, Craig appeared in a first-season episode of Kojak ("Dark Sunday"), and in 1977, she made a guest appearance in The Six Million Dollar Man ("The Infiltrators").[28]

1980s[edit]

When her Hollywood career slowed in the 1980s, Craig ventured into private business after tiring of the roles she was offered. She said "I was being offered the same kinds of roles all the time and just thought, 'Why would you bother repeating yourself?'"[14]

Briefly a co-producer of industrial shows, Craig began a new career as a real estate broker.[29]

1990s and later career[edit]

Craig was the producer for Comic Book Kid (1993).[30]

From 2009 to 2011, she voiced Grandma on the animated children's series Olivia.[31]

Public appearances at conventions[edit]

In the 1980s Craig attended many comic and fan conventions, signing photos and talking with fans.

Marvel and DC comic book letterer Steve Haynie remembered Craig's interaction with convention goers, saying "Yvonne Craig's first convention appearance was at the 1988 Magnum Opus Con in Columbus, Georgia. She was going to give away autographed photos, but a few of us talked her out of that by pointing out that other guests supported themselves by selling photos. We warned her about the autograph dealers that would swoop in to take advantage of her generosity. She gave in with, 'OK, then. How about fifty cents?' We told her no again. I took off for a few minutes, and when I came back she agreed to go as high as two dollars apiece. All the money was donated to a charity the local Star Fleet chapter worked with... Yvonne Craig enjoyed meeting fans".

Fellow actor Julie Newmar said of Craig when she attended conventions, "My memory of her, especially, was her ebullience... that’s the kind of person she was... A smile, always a smile. And she would always show up in these marvelous clothes. They were all made of this silky kind of material. It’s body-hugging. It’s what our Catwoman and Batgirl costumes should have been made out of. Kind of similar but very clinging and comfortable. She was buxom and adorable... Everyone liked her".[21]

Autobiography[edit]

Craig published an autobiography called From Ballet to the Batcave and Beyond (2000).[12]

Illness and death[edit]

Craig died at age 78 at her home in Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California, on August 17, 2015, from breast cancer that had spread to her liver.[12][5][32] She was survived by her husband, Kenneth Aldrich.[2]

Filmography[edit]

Craig appeared in the documentary film Ballets Russes (2005).[33]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1957 Eighteen and Anxious Gloria Dorothy McCormick
1959 Gidget Nan
1959 The Young Land Elena de la Madrid
1959 The Gene Krupa Story Gloria Corregio
1960 High Time Randy 'Scoop' Pruitt
1961 By Love Possessed Veronica Kovacs
1961 Seven Women from Hell Janet Cook
1963 It Happened at the World's Fair Dorothy Johnson
1964 Kissin' Cousins Azalea Tatum
1964 Advance to the Rear Ora Uncredited
1964 Quick, Before It Melts Sharon Sweigert
1965 Ski Party Barbara Norris
1966 One Spy Too Many Maude Waverly
1966 One of Our Spies Is Missing Wanda
1967 In Like Flint Natasha, the Ballerina
1968 Mars Needs Women Dr. Marjorie Bolen
1971 How to Frame a Figg Glorianna Hastings
1990 Diggin' Up Business Lucille
2005 Ballets Russes Herself Documentary

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1958 Schlitz Playhouse Suzanne Stacey / Helen Meade 2 episodes
1958 Perry Mason Patricia Faxon Episode: "The Case of the Lazy Lover"
1959 Bronco Stephanie Kelton Episode: "Bodyguard"
1959 Philip Marlowe Connie Episode: "Child of Virtue"
1959 The DuPont Show with June Allyson Annie Episode: "The Girl"
1959 Mr. Lucky Beverly Mills Episode: "Little Miss Wow"
1959–1962 The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis Linda Sue Faversham / Elspeth Hummaker / Hazel Grimes / Myrna Lomax / Aphrodite Millican / Girl #1 6 episodes
1960 Man with a Camera Jo Stokes Episode: "Hot Ice Cream"
1960 Hennesey Nurse Harriet Burns Episode: "Scarlet Woman in White"
1960 The Chevy Mystery Show Carolyn Episode: "Murder Me Nicely"
1960 Checkmate Judy Episode: "The Cyanide Touch"
1960 The Barbara Stanwyck Show Susan Mowry Episode: "House in Order"
1960–1964 77 Sunset Strip Tina Nichols / Willie Miller / Kristan Royal / Luanna Staunton 4 episodes
1961 The Detectives Ivy Episode: "Quiet Night"
1961 Peter Loves Mary Darcy Robinson Episode: "That Certain Age"
1961 Tales of Wells Fargo Libby Gillette Episode: "The Remittance Man"
1961 The Aquanauts Kathy Episode: "The Rainbow Adventure"
1961 Michael Shayne Nan Palmer Episode: "It Takes a Heap o' Dyin'"
1961 The Jim Backus Show Debbie Episode: "Dora's Vacation"
1961 Margie Cynthia Episode: "The Initiation"
1961 Ichabod and Me Liza Halliday Episode: "Teenage Journalist"
1961 Mrs. G. Goes to College Sally Episode: "Mrs. G.'s Private Telephone"
1962 Follow the Sun Veronica St John Episode: "A Ghost in Her Gazebo"
1962 The New Breed Louise Pittman / Edna Pittman Episode: "Hail, Hail, the Gang's All Here"
1962 I'm Dickens, He's Fenster Hillary Episode: "A Small Matter of Being Fired"
1962 Laramie Ginny Malone Episode: "The Long Road Back"
1962 Death Valley Days Emma Episode: "To Walk with Greatness"
1962 The Dick Powell Show 'Mary' Episode: "In Search of a Son"
1962 Wide Country Anita Callahan Episode: "The Bravest Man in the World"
1962–1963 Sam Benedict Amy Vickers / Angela Larkin 2 episodes
1963 Vacation Playhouse Abby Young Episode: "Hooray for Love"
1964 Dr. Kildare Carol Devon Episode: "A Day to Remember"
1964 Channing Kathy O'Reardon Episode: "My Son, the All-American"
1964 Wagon Train Ellie Riggs Episode: "The Link Cheney Story"
1964 Tom, Dick, and Mary Louise Meeker Episode: "Bad Day at Bristol Court"
1964 Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea Carol Episode: "Turn Back the Clock"
1965 Valentine's Day Sally Whitfield Episode: "For Me and My Sal"
1965 McHale's Navy Nurse Suzie Clayton Episode: "Pumpkin Takes Over"
1965 The Man from U.N.C.L.E. Cecille Bergstrom Episode: "The Brain-Killer Affair"
1965 Kentucky Jones Shirley Episode: "Kentucky's Vacation"
1965 My Favorite Martian Louise Episode: "Keep Me from the Church on Time"
1965 Ben Casey Mary Dyboski Carter Episode: "If You Play Your Cards Right, You Too Can Be a Loser"
1965 The Big Valley Allie Kay Episode: "The Invaders"
1966 The Wild Wild West Ecstasy La Joie Episode: "The Night of the Grand Emir"
1966 Mister Roberts Carol Jennings Episode: "Damn the Torpedoes"
1966 My Three Sons Vickie Malone Episode: "If at First"
1967 Mars Needs Women Dr. Marjorie Bolen Television film
1967 Batgirl Barbara Gordon / Batgirl Television short
1967–1968 Batman Barbara Gordon / Batgirl 26 episodes
1968 The Ghost & Mrs. Muir Gladys Zimmerman Episode: "Haunted Honeymoon"
1968 It Takes a Thief Roxanne Episode: "The Bill Is in Committee"
1968 The Mod Squad Tara Chapman / Lila Mason Episode: "Find Tara Chapman!"
1969 Star Trek: The Original Series Marta Episode: "Whom Gods Destroy"
1969 The Good Guys Dr. Cummings Episode: "Communications Gap"
1969–1972 Love, American Style Kathy / Helen / Janet / June 4 episodes
1969–1973 Mannix Ada Lee Hayes / Mrs. Diana Everett 2 episodes
1970 The Courtship of Eddie's Father Maryanne Atwater Episode: "Don't Look Now, But Your Scorpio's Rising"
1970 Land of the Giants Berna Episode: "Wild Journey"
1970 Three Coins in the Fountain Dorothy Television film
1971–1972 The Partners Michelle / Denise / Jessica 2 episodes
1972 O'Hara, U.S. Treasury Inez Malcolm Episode: "Operation: Rake-Off"
1973 Jarrett Luluwa Television film
1973 The Magician Dr. Nora Zabriskie Episode: "The Man Who Lost Himself"
1973 Kojak Liz Episode: "Dark Sunday"
1974 Emergency! Edna Johnson Episode: "Gossip"
1976 Holmes & Yoyo Sherri Episode: "Key Witness"
1977 The Six Million Dollar Man Lena Bannister Episode: "The Infiltrators"
1979 Starsky & Hutch Carol Episode: "Starsky vs. Hutch"
1983 Fantasy Island Cindy Episode: "Remember... When?"
2009–2011 Olivia Grandma (voice) 29 episodes

Bibliography[edit]

  • Craig, Yvonne (2000). From Ballet to the Batcave and Beyond. New York: Kudu Press. ISBN 0-9678075-6-5.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bergan, Ronald (August 23, 2015). "Yvonne Craig obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  2. ^ a b Rogers, Katie (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig, Actress Who Played Batgirl, Is Dead at 78". The New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  3. ^ "Kenneth Aldrich – Batgirl Yvonne Craig's Husband". dailyentertainmentnews.com. · DailyEntertainmentNews.com part of Herval.co. August 19, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  4. ^ a b Mosbergen, Dominique (August 19, 2015). "Actress Yvonne Craig, The Original 1960s Batgirl, Dies At 78". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d Booker, Brakkton (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig, Best Known As 'Batgirl,' Dies At 78". NPR. Archived from the original on August 19, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  6. ^ "Maurice M. Craig in the 1950 United States Federal Census". Ancestry.com. Ancestry. April 10, 1950. Retrieved February 15, 2024.
  7. ^ Colker, David (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig dies at 78; actress was television's Batgirl". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 19, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c Wilonsky, Robert (January 29, 2011). "Yvonne Craig on Long, Strang Journey from Oak Cliff to the Ballet Russe to the Batcave". Dallas Observer. Archived from the original on November 2, 2023. Retrieved November 2, 2023.
  9. ^ a b Wilonsky, Robert (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig, TV's Batgirl from Oak Cliff, has died at 78". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  10. ^ Kaufman, Joanne (January 27, 2023). "If You Want to Live Here, You'll Have to Audition". The New York Times.
  11. ^ a b c Hayward, Anthony (August 20, 2015). "Yvonne Craig: Ballerina who went on to become the high-kicking Batgirl in the camp 1960s television series Batman". The Independent. Archived from the original on November 2, 2023. Retrieved November 2, 2023.
  12. ^ a b c d Rogers, Katie (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig, Actress Who Played Batgirl, Is Dead at 78". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 27, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  13. ^ "Ballets Russes". Zeitgeist Films. Archived from the original on February 6, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  14. ^ a b Flanagan, Glenn (July 15, 2002). "Yvonne Craig, a.k.a. Batgirl, not haunted by the past". elvis.com.au. Retrieved February 17, 2024.
  15. ^ Bergan, Ronald (August 23, 2015). "Yvonne Craig obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 23, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  16. ^ a b Gross, Ed (November 19, 2018). "Yvonne Craig Embraces Her Batgirl Legacy In A Recovered Interview (EXCLUSIVE)". Closer. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  17. ^ Klossner, Michael (2006). "Voyage To The Bottom of the Sea". Prehistoric Humans in Film and Television: 581 Dramas, Comedies and Documentaries, 1905-2004. McFarland. p. 273. ISBN 9780786422159. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  18. ^ "Yvonne Craig Movies - Yvonne Craig Film — Yvonne Craig TV Shows". TV.com. December 31, 1969. Archived from the original on March 22, 2009. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  19. ^ Madden, Joanne (September 19, 2015). "Farewell, Batgirl: The Death of Yvonne Craig". TVBanter.com. DC Comics. Retrieved February 15, 2024.
  20. ^ "Batgirl Cycle". 66Batmania.com. 1966 Batman Pages. Retrieved February 15, 2024.
  21. ^ a b Robinson, Jamie (August 23, 2015). "Batman Stars Reflect on the Life of Yvonne Craig". DCComicsNews.com. DC Comics. Retrieved February 15, 2024.
  22. ^ Lam, Steve (August 18, 2015). "1960s TV Batgirl Yvonne Craig Dies At 78". Bam Smack Pow. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  23. ^ Kathke, Torsten (2020). "A Star Trek About Being Star Trek: History, Liberalism, and Discovery's Cold War Roots". Liverpool Scholarship Online. Retrieved February 16, 2024.
  24. ^ Hodge, Jarrah (November 25, 2023). "Yvonne Craig on "Whom Gods Destroy"". TrekkieFeminist.com. Retrieved February 15, 2024.
  25. ^ Seibold, Witney (November 25, 2023). "Yvonne Craig Was Understandably Worried About Star Trek's Blu-Ray Release". SlashFilm.com. 7Hops.com Inc. Retrieved February 15, 2024.
  26. ^ Barnes, Mike (August 18, 2015). "Yvonne Craig, TV's Sexy Batgirl of the 1960s, Dies at 78". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 19, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  27. ^ "Batman, ca. 1973". U.S. National Archives. Archived from the original on December 14, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016 – via YouTube.
  28. ^ "Batgirl Yvonne Craig dies at 78". Chicago Tribune. August 19, 2015. Archived from the original on August 19, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  29. ^ Rothman, Michael (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig: Batgirl Actress Dies at 78". ABC News. Archived from the original on August 19, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  30. ^ Comic Book Kid (1993) - IMDb, retrieved May 25, 2023
  31. ^ Connolly, Kelly (August 19, 2015). "Yvonne Craig dead: Original Batgirl dies at 78". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 21, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015. More recently, Craig voiced Grandma in Nickelodeon's 2009 cartoon series Olivia.
  32. ^ "Yvonne Craig's Official Obituary". YvonneCraig.com. August 19, 2015. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  33. ^ Moore, Roger (December 23, 2005). "Russian realm: Princes, princesses of dance rule with grace". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved August 19, 2015.

External links[edit]

Memorial benches[edit]

  • "Tongva Park". Public. Along Ocean Avenue between Colorado Blvd and Seaside Terrace, near to Santa Monica City Hall and Santa Monica Pier. September 1, 2016.
  • "Rose Garden". Private. City of Hope, Duarte, CA. March 28, 2017.