|• Total||87.78 km2 (33.89 sq mi)|
(31 December 2019)
|• Density||4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
In 1814, the former district of Zürich was established including the municipalities – "Landgemeinden des Bezirks Zürich" (country municipalities) – surrounding the old city of Zürich, the so-called Altstadt. The district of Zürich as it exists today, was created on 1 July 1989, by splitting the former district of Zürich into three parts:
- The western part became the district of Dietikon;
- the eastern part became the district (respectively city) of Zürich with its subdivisions;
- the municipality of Zollikon located east of Zürich was integrated into the district of Meilen.
Therefore, since 1 July 1989, the district of Zürich (SFOS number 0112) shares the same area as the city of Zürich (0261) with its subdivisions totalling 420,217 (as of 31 December 2019) inhabitants on an area of 87.78 km2 (33.89 sq mi).
Municipalities (subdivisions) of the district of Zürich
Since 1893 respectively 1934 the city of Zürich as well as the district of Zürich are formed by the old city of Zürich (Altstadt) and by a total of 19 former politically independent municipalities:
|Aussersihl||1893||4 and 5|
Mergers and exclusions
- 1871: Schwamendingen excluded → Oerlikon
- 1893: Merger of Aussersihl, Enge, Fluntern, Hirslanden, Hottingen, Oberstrass, Riesbach, Unterstrass, Wiedikon, Wipkingen, Wollishofen and Altstadt → City of Zürich
- 1931: Merger of Niederurdorf and Oberurdorf → Urdorf
- 1934: Merger of Affoltern, Albisrieden, Altstetten, Höngg, Oerlikon, Schwamendingen, Seebach, Witikon and Zürich → City of Zürich
- 1986: Zollikon excluded → Meilen District
- 1989: Exclusion of the then remaining 13, excluding the city of Zürich, municipalities → Dietikon District
- The former 19 independent municipalities of 1893 and 1934, now called districts (German: Kreise), too, form the subdivisions of the city of Zürich. Their subdivisions are called quarters (German: Quartiere).
- "Eingemeindete Dörfer (Gemeindearchive)" (in German). Präsidialdepartement Stadt Zürich. Retrieved 2015-01-15.
- Official website (in German)