Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft AG
Type S.A.
Industry Transport
Founded 1890/91
Headquarters Zürich, Switzerland
Area served Lake Zürich
Website http://www.zsg.ch/

The Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft or Lake Zürich Navigation Company (commonly abbreviated to ZSG) is a public Swiss company operating passenger ships and boats on Lake Zürich.

The company operates services connecting lake-side towns between Zürich and Rapperswil, as well as more tourist oriented cruises and boat services on the River Limmat through the centre of the city of Zürich. It is a member of the Zürich Public Transport Network (ZVV) and transports over 1,5 million passengers every year.[1]

The ZSG is a joint stock company with a share capital of 11 million Swiss Francs (CHF). The share capital – one third is in private hands – is divided into 110,000 bearer shares, each with a nominal value of CHF 100.[2]

History[edit]

The first touristic Steamship gate (1835-1883) at Bauschänzli in Zürich

Steam navigation started on Lake Zürich in 1834, when Franz Carl Caspar and Johann Jakob Lämmlin founded a new company (Caspar und Lämmlin, Unternehmer der Dampfschiffahrt auf dem Zürcher- und Walensee) and ordered their first ship from William Fairbairn of Manchester, England. The Minerva entered service the following year.[3]

Over the years, various other companies started operating steam ships on the lake, and various mergers took place, until the entire fleet was taken over by the Swiss Northeastern Railway (NOB) in 1874. The NOB also owned most of the railway network around the lake, and this monopoly led to consumer resistance, and to the formation of the Zürcher Dampfbootgesellschaft (Zürich Steamship Company) in 1890/91. In order to operate a tram-like suburban traffic, a series of nine screw steamships was ordered.[3]

Paddle steamships Stadt Rapperswil (to the left) and Stadt Zürich in Rapperswil harbour (estimated to be in May 1914)

When the NOB became part of the Swiss Federal Railways in 1903, the Zürcher Dampfbootgesellschaft took over its fleet of ships on Lake Zürich. This included the large paddle steamer Helvetia. In 1909 and 1914, it ordered two further large paddle steamers, which were to become today's Stadt Zürich and Stadt Rapperswil respectively.[3]

In 1934 the Zürcher Dampfbootgesellschaft introduced its first successful motor ship, the Etzel, and from then on the fleet became increasingly motorized. As a consequence, the company changed its name to Zürichsee Schifffahrtgesellschaft, or ZSG for short, in 1957.[3]

In 1990, the ZSG became part of the Zürich Public Transport Network (ZVV), accepting the ZVVs common tickets and tariffs.[1]

In 2009 there was a centennial exhibition on board Stadt Zürich at Zürich-Bürkliplatz. On June 12, 2009, exactly 100 years after the maiden voyage of the steamship Stadt Zürich, its anniversary trip with invited guests and its sistership Stadt Rapperswil was celebrated.[4]

Fleet[edit]

Current fleet as of 2011[edit]

A fleet of 17 passenger ships, including two historical paddle steamersStadt Zürich (built in 1909) and Stadt Rapperwil (1914) – and 15 motor vessels of various sizes is operated by the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft. ZSG's flagship MS Helvetia has a capacity of 1200 passengers. The fleet includes three small Limmat boats for round trips on the Limmat river and on the lower Lake Zürich at Zürich.[5]

Name Type Built in Passengers Builder Engine Named after Image
Stadt Zürich Paddle steamer 1909 750 Escher Wyss & Cie. 368 kW (Escher Wyss) The city of Zurich ZSG - Stadt Zürich IMG 3062.JPG
Stadt Rapperswil Paddle steamer 1914 750 Escher Wyss & Cie. 368 kW (Escher Wyss) The city of Rapperswil Dampfschiff Stadt Rapperswil - General-Guisan-Quai 2011-07-31 19-14-18.jpg
Helvetia Motor ship 1964 1200 Bodan-Werft GmbH 635 kW (MAN) Helvetia, the national personification of Switzerland 50 Jahre MS Helvetia & 100 Jahre Dampfschiff Stadt Rapperwil - Hafenfest Rapperswil - 'Rosenempfang' 2014-05-23 19-15-13.JPG
Linth Motor ship 1952 1000 Bodan-Werft GmbH 730 kW (2×365, MAN The Linth, a river that feeds Lake Zürich) ZSG - MS Linth IMG 0697.JPG
Limmat Motor ship 1958 850 Bodan-Werft GmbH 485 kW (MAN) The Limmat, the outfall river of Lake Zürich ZSG - Limmat - Bürkliplatz 2011-05-04 16-45-14.jpg
Wädenswil Motor ship 1968 700 Bodan-Werft GmbH 442 kW (MAN) Wädenswil, a town on Lake Zürich Bürkliplatz - ZSG 'Wädenswil' mit Lindt 'Goldhase' 2014-03-28 17-25-46 (P7800).jpg
Panta Rhei Motor ship 2007 700 ÖSWAG 884 kW (2×442, MAN) Everything Flows in Ancient Greek Panta Rhei - Rapperswil Lindenhof 2011-06-19 15-14-06.JPG
Säntis [6] Motor ship 1957 300 Bodan-Werft GmbH / ZSG 440 kW (MAN) Säntis, a Swiss mountain Bürkliplatz - ZSG Säntis 2010-09-03 14-20-54.JPG
Albis Motor ship 1997 300 Bodan-Werft GmbH 500 kW (2×250, MAN) Albis, a range of hills near Zürich 'Albis' - ZSG Landungssteg Wollishofen 2011-04-06 14-11-32.JPG
Pfannenstiel Motor ship 1998 300 Bodan-Werft GmbH 500 kW (2×250, MAN) Pfannenstiel, a mountain overlooking Lake Zürich MS 'Pfannenstiel' der Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (ZSG) beim Bürkliplatz in Zürich 2013-06-12 20-27-25.JPG
Uetliberg Motor ship 1999 300 Bodan-Werft GmbH 500 kW (2×250, MAN) Uetliberg, a mountain overlooking Zürich MS 'Uetliberg' der Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (ZSG) beim Zürichhorn 2013-06-22 19-16-06 (P7700).JPG
Bachtel Motor ship 1962 250 Bodan-Werft GmbH 250 kW (MAN) The Bachtel Tower overlooking Lake Zürich ZSG - Bachtel - Albis - Tiefenbrunnen 2010-08-31 18-53-22.JPG
Zimmerberg Motor ship 2001 150 Bodan-Werft GmbH 294 kW (2×147, MAN) Zimmerberg, a mountain overlooking Lake Zürich ZSG - Zimmerberg IMG 1147.JPG
Forch Motor ship 2001 150 Bodan-Werft GmbH 294 kW (2×147, MAN) Forch, a village near Zürich ZSG - Forch - Utoquai 2010-11-04 14-45-22.JPG
Turicum Limmat boat 1992 51 Bodan-Werft GmbH 116 kW (2×58, MWM) An early name for Zürich ZSG - MS Turicum IMG 0599.jpg
Felix Limmat boat 1993 51 Bodan-Werft GmbH 116 kW (2×58, MWM) Felix, one of Zürich's patron saints Limmatschiff 'Felix' - Limmat - Limmatquai - Quaibrücke 2012-08-23 12-51-28 (P7000).JPG
Regula Limmat boat 1993 51 Bodan-Werft GmbH 116 kW (2×58, MWM) Regula, another of Zürich's patron saints ZSG - Regula auf der Limmat IMG 0244.jpg

Former fleet[edit]

The paddle steamer Helvetia, built in 1875 and last operated in 1958, was scrapped in 1964. The so-called Landi-Boote built for the Swiss national exposition ("Landi") of 1939 – MS Etzel, Halbinsel Au, Möve and Speer – were decommissioned at the end of the 1990s and replaced by three motor ships (300 passengers each) of the Albis type – Albis, Pfannenstiel and Uetliberg – in addition to two smaller (150 passengers each) motor ships – Zimmerberg and Forch.

Name Type Built in Passengers Builder Engine Decommissioned Named after Image
Helvetia Paddle steamer 1875[3] 1200[3] Escher Wyss & Cie. 480 PS (Escher Wyss) 1958, scrapped and scuttled in 1964[3] Helvetia, the national personification of Switzerland Helvetia 1894.jpg
Etzel Motor ship 1934[3] 150[7] Escher Wyss & Cie.[7] 2001, now used by the Etzel society[7] Etzel, a mountain overlooking Lake Zürich ZSG - MS Etzel IMG 0598.jpg
Halbinsel Au (ex Schwan) Motor ship 1939[8] 200[8] Escher Wyss & Cie.[8] Moved to Amsterdam, renamed Euro[8] The Au peninsula in Lake Zürich
Möve Motor ship 1939[8] 200[8] Escher Wyss & Cie.[8] Moved to Brussels, renamed Gueuse[8] Gueuse-La Fonderie.JPG
Speer (ex Taucherli) Motor ship 1939[8] 200[8] Escher Wyss & Cie.[8] Moved to the IJsselmeer, renamed Elvira[8] Speer, a mountain overlooking Lake Zürich
Ufenau Motor ship 1977[9] Bodan-Werft GmbH[9] 2001, now used as Davidoff by Hensa AG at Rapperswil[10] Ufenau, an island in Lake Zürich ZSG - MS Ufenau-Davidoff IMG 0515.JPG
Glärnisch Motor ship Escher Wyss & Cie. since 2007 serving as Restaurant ship in Wädenswil Glärnisch, a Swiss mountain Wädenswil - ex-ZSG Restaurantschiff 'Glärnisch' 2011-08-06 16-05-10.jpg
Stäfa Motor ship Escher Wyss & Cie. serving as Restaurant ship for the community center Zürich-Wollishofen Stäfa, a town on the banks of Lake Zürich ZSG - Stäfa IMG 1824.JPG

Operations[edit]

Zürich-Bürkliplatz landing gate

The ZSG operates regular round trips from its main Zürich landing point at Bürklipatz. These stop on both shores at Zürichhorn, Wollishofen, Kilchberg-Bendlikon, Küsnacht-Heslibach, Küsnacht, Zollikon, Meilen, Herrliberg, Rüschlikon, Thalwil, Erlenbach, Oberrieden, Horgen, Au peninsula, Wädenswil, Richterswil, Stäfa, Männedorf, Ufenau island and Rapperswil. There also are short round trips (1,5 hours) from Zürich-Bürkliplatz heading to Erlenbach and Thalwil.

The company also operates services on the Limmat river through the centre of Zürich. These services operate upriver from the Landesmuseum to Lake Zürich, stopping at Wollishofen and Zürichhorn before returning downriver to the Landesmuseum. Because of the low bridges over the Limmat in central Zurich, these services use low profile motor boats.

A view of the Stadt Zürich on the ship lift at the Wollishofen ship yard.

The ZSG employs approximatively 80 permanent members of staff, and in the main summer season (April-December) five additional nautical seasonal workers, as well as seven staff in the ticket office at Zürich Bürkliplatz. In its own ship yard at Zürich-Wollishofen work qualified carpenters, painters, mechanics, electricians, plumbers and locksmiths.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ZSG: Geschichte[dead link]
  2. ^ ZSG: Geschäftsberichte[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Geschichte der Zürichsee Schifffahrtsgesellschaft" [History of Lake Zürich shipping company] (in German). ZSG. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  4. ^ "Der älteste Konkurrent der Panta Rhei" [The oldest competitor to the Panta Rhei]. Tages-Anzeiger (April 15, 2009) (in German). Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  5. ^ "Die Flotte" [The Fleet] (in German). ZSG. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  6. ^ modified in 2006/2007
  7. ^ a b c "Technische Daten" (in German). MS Etzel. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "In Amsterdam den Anker geworfen" (in German). MS Etzel. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  9. ^ a b "Davidoff-Schiff - Das Schiff in Zahlen" [Davidoff Ship - The ship in figures] (in German). Schifffahrtsbetriebe Hensa AG. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  10. ^ "Davidoff-Schiff" [Davidoff Ship] (in German). Schifffahrtsbetriebe Hensa AG. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  11. ^ "Die Crew" [The Crew] (in German). ZSG. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 

External links[edit]